Stress Management Chapter 22 Music Therapy

  1. Stimulus Generalization
    A conditioned response to a sound.
  2. Music Therapy
    The ability to listen to, sing, or perform music as a means to promote relaxation and homeostatis.
  3. austere
    severe in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; forbidding:an austere teacher.rigorously self-disciplined and severely moral; ascetic; abstinent:the austere quality of life in the convent.grave; sober; solemn; serious:an austere manner.without excess, luxury, or ease; simple; limited; severe:an austere life.severely simple; without ornament:austere writing.lacking softness; hard:an austere bed of straw.
  4. Ambient
    of the surrounding area or environment:The tape recorder picked up too many ambient noises. The temperature in the display case was 20° lower than the ambient temperature.completely surrounding; encompassing:the ambient air.creating a certain reaction or mood, often a subconscious one, by being wherever people tend to be:ambient advertising on a shopping cart.pertaining to or noting sounds that create a peaceful and relaxed atmosphere.pertaining to or noting close and constant social contact and communication fostered by the Internet or the use of digital devices:social media sites that enable ambient intimacy and awareness.
  5. Hertz
    A physics term describing the number of oscillations or vibrations produced per second.
  6. Pitch
    The human ear detects vibrations or oscillations as pitch.
  7. Decibels
    A unit of measure (named in honor of Alexander Graham Bell) to denote the level of sound/noise measured as pressure through air.
  8. Tinnitus
    The clinical name given to the symptoms of ringing, hissing, or buzzing in the ears.
  9. Essentic Forms
    Musical patterns (vibrations) that are thought to influence neuropeptide activity and thus metabolic activity in the body.
  10. Biochemical theory
    A theory suggesting that music is received internally through the eardrum with sounds converted into neurochemicals that are registered by the brain, which one then finds either pleasant or unpleasant.
  11. Schumann's resonance
    A physics term given to the actual vibration of the planet earth: 7.8 hertz.
  12. Entrainment
    In physics, the mutual phase locking of like oscillations; in human physiology, organs or organisms giving off strong vibrations influencing organs or organisms with weaker vibrations to match the strong rate of oscillation; thought to conserve energy.
  13. Metaphysical theory
    A theory that suggest that music if a gift from God.
  14. Mozart effect
    A term coined by renowned music therapist Don Campbell to illustrate the lifelong effect of classical music on healing, learning, and behavior.
  15. Auditory Imagery
    A term representing a means to imagine and recall a song or melody in one's head to promote relaxation.
Card Set
Stress Management Chapter 22 Music Therapy
Music Therapy