Medical Terminology 2

  1. misnomer
    • improper use of words
    • arises because the thing named received name before true nature was known
  2. noxious
    harmful, poisonous, unpleasant
  3. obnoxious
    extremely unpleasant
  4. female circumcision is misnomer
    genital mutilation is correct nomenclature
  5. circum
    • around 
    • prefix
  6. cision
    • to cut
    • root
  7. phimosis
    inability to retract distal foreskin over the glans penis
  8. phimosis types
    • physiologic phimosis - naturally in newborn males
    • pathologic phimosis - inability to retract foresin after retractable or after puberty (distal scarring)
  9. paraphimosis
    • entrapment of retracted foreskin behind coronal sulcus
    • disease of uncircumcised or partial circumcised
  10. omphalocele
    congenital malformation in which amounts of abdominal content protude into base of umbilical cord
  11. hiatal hernia
    when stomach protrudes into chest cavity
  12. gastrectomy
    • gastro = stomach
    • tomy = resection
  13. mastectomy
    • mast = breast
    • tomy = removal
  14. gynecomastia
    abnormally large mammary glands in males
  15. gigantomastia
    hypertrophy of breast, rare cnnective tissue disorder
  16. lumpectomy
    removal of lump, mass, tumor
  17. pathogenesis
    • pathos = disease
    • genesis = development
    • mechanism by which ethnological factor causes disease
  18. Etiology
    • is the study of causation
    • aita = cause 
    • logos = concerned with
  19. cancerogenesis
    process that leads to development of cancer
  20. angiogenesis
    • angio = vessel root prefix
    • neo = new suffix root 
    • genesis = generate suffix root 

    the process of formation of new blood vessels
  21. hypo/hyper-glycemia
    • low blood sugar
    • hypo - below normal
    • hyper - above norma 
    • glyc - sugar
    • emia - low
  22. hypotrophy
    progressive degeneration of organ or tissue casued by loss of cells
  23. hypertrophy
    nontumorous enlargement of organ or tissue as a result of increase in size rather than cells
  24. acromegaly
    syndrome that results when the anterior pituitary gland produces excess growth hormone after epiphyseal plate closure at puberty
  25. anatomy
    • study of living beings 
    • ana = up 
    • temnein = to cut
  26. body ectioning
    • saggital plane 
    • transverse plane 
    • coronal plane (corona in front)
  27. cranial
    • rostral 
    • head
  28. caudal
    tail
  29. hands and feet
    palmar, plantar
  30. radial
    thumb
  31. ulnar
    pinnky
  32. pronation
    palm down
  33. supination
    palm up
  34. proximal
    closure to center of the body
  35. distal
    farther from center of the body
  36. common prefix
    • epi - above
    • hypo
    • hyper
    • inter - between 
    • meta - change
    • peri - around
  37. common suffixes
    • eal - pertaining to 
    • iac/ic - pertaining to 
    • ism - process
    • ose - pertaining to 
    • plasm - formation 
    • somes - bodies
    • tomy - resection
Author
misol
ID
348688
Card Set
Medical Terminology 2
Description
medical terminology 2
Updated