Ecology Glossary Terms Unit 2

  1. Population
    all the individuals of a species that occupy a particular geographic area at a certain time
  2. Exponential Growth
    accelerating growth that produces a J-shaped curve when graphed against time
  3. Limiting Factors
    a factor that limits the growth of a population
  4. Carrying Capacity
    the size of a population that can be supported by the resources available
  5. Equilibrium
    balance between opposing forces
  6. Urban Sprawl
    growth of low-density development on the edge of urban areas
  7. Ecological niche
    the way in which an organism occupies a position in an ecosystem, including all the necessary abiotic and biotic factors
  8. Predator
    an organism that kills and consumes another organism
  9. Prey
    an organism that is eaten as food by a predator
  10. Mutualism
    a symbiotic relationship between 2 species in which both species benefit from the relationship
  11. Parasite
    an organism whose niche is dependent on a close association with a larger host organism
  12. Competition
    when 2 or more organisms compete for the same resources in the same location at the same time
  13. Sustainable Use
    use that does not lead to long term depletion of a resource or affect the diversity of the ecosystem from which the resource was obtained
  14. Doubling Time
    the period of time that a population requires to double
  15. Ecological Footprint
    a measure of the impact of an individual or a population on the environment in terms of energy consumption, land use, and waste production
  16. Unsustainable
    a pattern of activity that leads to a decline in the function of an ecosystem
  17. Sustainability
    use of Earth's resources including land and water, at levels that can continue forever
  18. Ecosystem Services
    the benefits experienced by organisms, including humans, that are provided by sustainable ecosystems
  19. Desertification
    the change of non-desert land into a desert, which may result from climate change or from unsustainable farming or water use
Card Set
Ecology Glossary Terms Unit 2
These are all of the ecology glossary terms for unit 2 needed for the final test in ecology.