- Species that do NOT require fertilization to produce fruit
- ex. fig, apple, peach, cherry, birch
- Glucose + Oxygen > Energy + Carbon Dioxide + Water
- The reverse of photosynthesis where the plant is using stored energy
- *photosynthesis must exceed respiration
- Flowers are pollen and seed cones
- Evergreen trees
Does NOT have male and female reproductive parts in the same flower.
Male and female flowers are found on the same plant
Male and female flowers are on different plants
- Pigment found in plants that aid in photosynthesis.
- Reflects the green spectrum of light.
The orientation and direction a plant grows in response to external stimuli
Controlled by the hormone, Auxin. The main central stem is dominant over the side stems.
- Carbon Dioxide + Water in the presence of light > Oxygen + Photosynthate (sugars, carbohydrate)
- *must exceed respiration
- A flower with petals and sepals. Lower ring of sepals called the calyx are usually green.
- Ex. Apples, cherries, nectarine
Contains both male (pollen bearing stamens) and femal (pistil) reproductive parts
- A developed ovary.
- Fleshy portion is a fertilized ovary
- Seeds are ovules
- Strong apical dominance.
- Central leader has growth priority.
- Pyramidal shape
- Has flowers
- Deciduous trees
A plants drive to grow toward a light source
- Rounder trees
- Apical buds are slowed and lateral buds keep pace
Organelles found in plant cells that conduct photosynthesis by capturing light energy to convert to photosynthate.
A plants drive to grow in an upward direction.
- The loss of water in the form of vapor from the leaves and lenticels.
- When transpiration exceeds absorption, cells lose turgor and wilt.
A hormore that controls growth in plants. Found in root and shoot tips and drives them to elongate.