NPC, NVFR and CASR 138 NVIS Stuff 11 Feb 23

  1. What are the requirements when calculating LSALT for routes operating under RNP 2?
    Add 1360ft (no towers) or 1000ft (to towers >360ft) 5nm either side of track

    GEN 3.3 4
  2. When can you fly night VFR below LSALT?
    • Taking off in vicinity of departure aerodrome (AIP ENR 1.1
    • When destination aerodrome in sight and descent made within 
    • 3nm (AIP ENR 1.5 1.14.6.c.3.ii)
    • Being vectored (AIP ENR 1.5 1.14.6.b.4.ii)
    • NVIS (AIP ENR 1.1

    • CASR 138 MOS Ch 9.04
    • Is AWC flight
    • In VMC
    • Is an ESO
    • Only essential crew on board
    • Only minimum time below LSALT IOT complete the ESO
    • Not create a hazard to anyone
  3. If on goggles, what must you advise ATC of when below LSALT?
    "Request 'not above' ____ NVIS"

    AIP GEN 3.4 6.6 (3)
  4. Class C/E VMC?
    • Vis: 5km
    • Cld: 1500m hor / 1000ft vert*

    • Cld: Clear of cloud
    • *NVIS Exemption Part 91 MOS Ch 2 Div 2.4 Item 2A Note 2 (3A)

    Part 91 MOS Ch 2 Div 2.4
  5. Class D VMC?
    • Vis: 5km
    • Cld: 600m hor / 1000ft vert above or 500ft vert below

    Part 91 MOS ChCh 2 Div 2.4
  6. Class G VMC?
    • At or below 3000ft AMSL or 1000ft AGL, whichever highest:
    • Vis: 5km
    • Cld: Clear cloud
    • Cond: In sight of ground/water

    • For helo only:
    • <700ft over land (or water with track guidance):
    • Vis: 800m
    • Cld: Clear of cloud
    • Cond: Day, speed to see and avoid obs, within 10nm of IAP airfield min 500ft vert separation if they are less than 10nm or IFR.

    • For helo only:
    • <700ft over water without track guidance:
    • Vis: 5k
    • Cld: 600m horiz/500ft vert
    • Cond: Day, speed to see and avoid obs, within 10nm of IAP airfield min 500ft vert separation if they are less than 10nm or IFR.

    Part 91 MOS Ch 2 Div 2.4
  7. Special VFR?
    • For operating in, entering/leaving or if beside CTR
    • By day when VMC does not exist
    • Only if an IFR flight isn't delayed
    • Clear of cloud
    • >800 m vis
    • At speed to see and avoid obs

    • AIP ENR 1.2 1.2
    • CASR 91 MOS Ch 2.01
  8. Min operating altitude when conducting law enforcement operations?
    • Day:
    • 1000ft over city
    • 500ft everywhere else
    • 300m horizontal clearance
    • Night:
    • If using NVIS, same as day
    • CASR 91 MOS 91.265, 91.267, 91.277

    • Above limitations do not apply if on AWC task - inc police ops.
    • IAW Ops Man
    • CASR 91 Div 3.09
    • CASR 138 MOS Div 9.02 for Police Ops
    • CASR 138.005 Ch2.a.i

    • Single NVIS crew (Only pilot is NVIS) the not below 1000ft AGL
    • CASR 138 MOS 12.10
  9. What do you need to operate below LSALT at night legally?
    • NVIS Ops is absolutely necessary and authed IAW AWC 
    • CASR 138 MOS Div 3 Ch 9.04
  10. What is the minimum external lighting and can it be reduced at all?
    • Anti cols on but can be turned off if operationally required and safe to do so
    • Call 'POLAIR 61 BLACK' if lights out

    • Ops Man Ch 6B4.7.19
    • CASR 138 MOS Div 2 Ch 12.09
  11. What are the helo alternate minima requirements?
    • By day and night other than Class G airspace:
    • no cloud >SCT below 1500ft AGL
    • Vis >8km

    • By day only in Class G airspace:
    • no cloud >SCT below 1000ft AGL
    • Vis >3km
    • At speed to see and avoid obs, if <10nm of IAP airfield must ensure 500ft vertically clear of aircraft <10nm of airfield and conducting IFR ops.

    • AIP ENR 1.1 /
    • CASR 91 MOS Ch 8.08 and 2.07
  12. According to CASR 91 and 138, what are the requirements for carrying life jackets for both SE and ME aircraft?
    30min flight at 120KIAS or 100nm, whichever is less.

    • CASR 91 MOS Div 26.13 Ch 26.60 and
    • Ops Man Ch 2D1.11.2
  13. According to CASR 91, what are the requirements for carrying life rafts for both SE and ME aircraft?
    30min flight at 120KIAS or 100nm, whichever is less.

    • CASR 91 MOS Div 26.13 Ch 26.60 and
    • Ops Man Ch 2D1.11.2
  14. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, what is the min NVIS flight currency req?
    • 3hrs NVIS flight AND
    • 3x takeoffs, ccts and landings in previous 6 mths OR
    • NPC/CCF in previous 6 mths

    • Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.5.4
    • CASR Part 61.1010
  15. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, how often do you conduct a NVIS proficiency check?
    • Annually
    • If OPC assessment meets NPC requirements or NPC within 3 mths then keep existing date of NPC

    • CASR 61.1015
    • Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.5.4
  16. What is the currency req for HLS-NVIS basic landings and take-offs?
    3 x take-offs and 3 x landings every 6 months to the day

    • Ops Man Vol 4 4D1.3.2
    • Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.5.4
  17. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, what is the currency req for NVIS winch operations?
    • 1 x NVIS winch in previous 6 mths; and
    • 3 x take-off, circuits and landings to unlit HLS NVIS Basic in previous 6 mths
    • Can winch unaided once established in hover per Ops Man

    • Ops Man Ch 6B4.5.4
    • Ops Man Ch 4D1.3.2
  18. For pilot with >50hrs NVIS, what is the currency req for Fast Rope/Rappel operations?
    Once every 6 mths

    Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.5.4
  19. Min aircraft equip for NVIS Ops IAW CASR 91 MOS?
    • Serviceable RADALT that:
    • 1- displays instant impression of absolute ht and ROC of ht; and
    • 2- is instantly discernible by all crew stations (from 2 Dec 23); and
    • 3- has audio and visual warning of preselected ht.

    • - Serviceable steerable searchlight adjustable in pitch and azimuth
    • - If below 500ft or from NVIS BASIC HLS using IR searchlight, IF there's a NVD failure, the pilot can:
    • 1- revert to non-filtered search/landing light or
    • 2- If 2 pilots with dual controls, hand over

    CASR 91 MOS Div 26.17 Ch 26.79
  20. Besides min equip for NVIS Ops, what additional NVIS req are there IAW Ops Man?
    • Aircraft has min equip for NVFR/IFR flt
    • NVIS and mounting system for helmet
    • NVIS compatible lip light and may use finger light
    • NVIS compatible torch

    Ops Man Ch 6B4.6.6
  21. What speed vs ht restrictions apply for NVIS Ops?
    • <500 ft speed to 80 kts
    • <200 ft reduce speed to 60 kts

    Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.7.2
  22. What must you do for flights below LSALT over water at night?
    No flights over-water at night below 1000ft AGL.

    Ops Man Vol 2B1.14
  23. What are NO-GO faults for goggles?
    • SEF
    • Shading
    • Edge glow
    • Flickering, flashing or intermittent ops
  24. What are acceptable faults for goggles?
    • Fixed pattern
    • Black spots
  25. What are the NVIS in-flight cloud requirements?
    • NVFR capable, with 2 NVIS crew members
    • No more than SCT cloud up to 2 000 ft AGL within 2 NM either side of track.

    • IFR capable, under VFR or under IFR below LSALT
    • No more than scattered cloud up to 1 000 ft AGL within 2 NM either side of track

    • Ops Man 6B4.7.4
    • CASR Part 91 MOS Div 3 Ch 3.1
    • CASR Part 138 MOS Div 2 Ch 12.11

    NOTE// This is questionable in that with NVIS in Class G and C you only need to remain clear of cloud IAW CASR 91 MOS table 2.07, and IAW CASR 138 MOS ch 12.10, even if single NVIS crew member you can be at 1000ft AGL. This means even single NVIS pilot ops you could have cloud lower than 2000ft AGL. Why have these in-flight cloud requirementsjQuery1124003615394534337102_1676193240745?
  26. Define HLS-NVIS Standard?
    • Conforms to CAAP 92-2
    • Unlit
    • No windsock
  27. Define HLS-NVIS Basic?
    • Doesn't conform to CAAP 92-2
    • Unlit
    • Unprepared
  28. How long is a duty day and can you work longer if required?
    • Start time
    • 0500 - 0700: 11hrs
    • 0700 - 1200: 12hrs
    • 1200 - 1500: 11hrs
    • 1500 - 0500: 10hrs
    • You can increase by 1 hr if feeling good
    • Dep Chief or Chief Pilot can approve a further hour
    • Ops Man FMS 2.5
  29. How much rest is required prior to a shift IAW the FMS in th Ops Manual?
    • Off duty period: At least 8 consecutive hours inc 2300 - 0600 OR
    • 10 hrs otherwise

    Increased by 1 hr every 30 min over previous max limit FDP

    Ops Man FMS 2.5
  30. What equip is req'd to conduct winching/rappelling over land at night?
    • For winching and rappelling:
    • 2 x searchlights operated and trained in azimuth and elevation by the PIC whose hands remain on the flying controls (1 x white light)
    • An ICS that permits continuous communication between all crew members.       
    • If 1 x searchlight is IR, the landing light must be positioned to provide hover cues in the event that the visible-spectrum searchlight becomes unserviceable.

    CASR 138 MOS Ch 22.07
  31. What must you have to conduct winch over water by night?

    • Aircraft attitude must be referenced against external object AND
    • Lights and intercom per over land winch
  32. What height restriction for live load winch training?
    • Only above 15ft if:
    • Training approved by Chief Pilot /TFO
    • Detailed plan/ brief conducted
    • TFOI must be on board

    Where possible, all training areas should have vehicle access.
  33. What do you do when you hear isolate isolate isolate?
    Turn winch off
  34. Where can you find the areas in Australia considered as remote location?
    ERSA: Gen Fis Inflight
  35. What equipment do you need if flying in remote areas?
    Survival equipment to sustain life appropriate to area being overflown

    ERSA: Gen Fis Inflight
  36. What items of emergency equipment are on board each aircraft?
    • BK117 B-2
    • - Emerg door and window exits
    • - Fire ext beside pilot
    • - First Aid kit on left clam shell door
    • - EPIRB on person and in aircraft near bty compartment rear right
    • - life raft if fitted
    • - Switlik life jacket with heliograph, pen flares, strobe and epirb
  37. Where will you find the legislation regarding minimum aircraft equipment required for NVG flight?
    • CASR 138 MOS CH 22 (22.07)
    • CASR 91 MOS Div 26.17 Ch 26.79
  38. NVFR recent requirements?
    1x take off and 1 x landing by night in previous 6 mths

    CASR 61.965
  39. What does the MEL state for minimum NVG requirements before flying?
    • All channels of the CSAS/AP
    • Full RADALT inc audio warning
    • NVG cockpit and cabin lighting
    • 1 x serviceable steerable search light
  40. How do goggles work?
    • Light into objective lens: pic turned upside down
    • Photocathode: photons into electrons
    • MCP: electrons multiplied
    • Phosphor screen: electrons into visible photons
    • Eyepiece lens: image righted into eye
  41. Privileges and limitations of all endorsements?
    • Privileges
    • Pilot / PIC aircraft, use equipment if:
    • Completed CASA approved course of instruction by qualified people
    • Assessed as competent by CASA approved assessing officer
    • Fly approaches assessed on

    • Limitations
    • Can't use quals in aircraft not assessed on
    • Can't use in aircraft not approved for type of flying
    • Can't use if haven't completed CASA approved course

    CASR 61.1030 and 61.1035
  42. NVIS or NVFR take off minima?
    • Require VMC conditions for departure and at LSALT unless using Reduced Flight Planning Minima
    • Alt requirements remain the same: No cld below 1500ft above destination and 8km vis

    (IFR Take-off minima) CASR 91 MOS Ch 15.03
  43. Can your OPC/NPC/IPC be carried out in sim or aircraft or just aircraft?
    Both aircraft and sim if it's certified
  44. Grade 1 vs grade 2 NVG qual?
    Grade 1 requires instrument rating therefore grade 2 can only operate under normal NVFR requirements
  45. Why is there a different C of G limit and what are the restrictions?
    • Hoist ops increases the lateral allowable C of G window
    • Speed restricted to Vy (75kts)
  46. Where can you find list of similar aircraft types not requiring a new type rating or differences training?
    Prescription of Aircraft and Ratings — CASR Part 61 (Edition 8) Instrument 2021
  47. How do you know runway lighting is 60 or 90m gap?
    • ERSA
    • If it's a precision runway or runway associated with an approach it's 60m
    • Only small regional runways will be 90m generally
  48. How many hours can you fly NVIS in 1 duty period?
    • 5hrs in any FDP OR
    • 4hrs if training using degraded systems

    Ops Man FMS
  49. What are the Alternate aerodrome lighting requirements if flying under NVIS and where would you find the answer?
    • No alternate required if NVIS operation has:
    • 1 - at least 2 NVIS pilots; or
    • 2 - at least 1 NVIS pilot and 1 NVIS aircrew member

    You require an alternate due lighting if you are conducting single NVIS crew member operations.

    CASR 138 MOS Div 2 Ch 12.08
  50. Per WAPAW Ops Man, what is the minimum number of searchlights if landing at a HLS-NVIS Basic or Standard?
    • HLS-NVIS Basic:
    • At least 1 x white search-light or 1 x IR search-light

    • HLS-NVIS Standard:
    • At least 1 x white search-light

    Ops Man Vol 6 6B4.6.6
Card Set
NPC, NVFR and CASR 138 NVIS Stuff 11 Feb 23
NVIS CASR Part 138, Other Work Rules and Regs as at Feb 23