Systems, Major Organs and Functions

  1. Integumentary System (Major Organs)
    • Skin
    • Hair
    • Sweat Glands
    • Nails
  2. Integumentary System (Functions)
    • Protects against environmental hazards
    • Helps regulate body temp
    • Provides sensory Information
  3. Muscular System (Major Organs)
    Skeletal Muscles and associated tendons
  4. Muscular System (Functions)
    • Provides movement
    • provides protection and support for other tissues
    • generates heat that maintains body temp
  5. Skeletal System (Major Organs)
    • Bones
    • Cartilages
    • Assoc. Ligaments
    • Bone marrow
  6. Skeletal System (Functions)
    • Provides support and protection for other tissues
    • Stores calzzzium and other minerals
    • Forms blood cells
  7. Nervous System (Major Organs)
    • Brain 
    • Spinal Cord
    • Peripheral Nerves
    • Sense organs
  8. Nervous System (Functions)
    • Directs immediate responses to stimuli
    • Coordinates or moderates activities of other organ systems
    • Provides and interprets sensory info about external conditions
  9. Lymphatic System (Major Organs)
    • Spleen
    • Thymus
    • Lymphatic vessels
    • Lymph nodes
    • Tonsils
  10. Lymphatic System (Functions)
    • Defends against infection and disease
    • returns tissue fluids to the blood stream
  11. Digestive System (Major Organs)
    • Teeth
    • Tongue
    • Pharynx
    • Esophagus
    • Stomach
    • Small Intestine
    • Large Intestine
    • Liver 
    • Gallbladder
    • Pancreas
  12. Digestive System (Functions)
    • Processes and digests food
    • Absorbs and conserves water
    • Absorbs nutrients (ions, water, and breakdown products of dietary sugars, proteins, and fats)
    • Stores energy reserves
  13. Respiratory System (Major Organs)
    • Nasal cavities
    • Sinuses
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Lungs
    • Alveoli
  14. Respiratory System (Functions)
    • Delivers air to alveoli (sites in lungs where gas exchange occurs)
    • Provides oxygen to bloodstream
    • Removes carbon dioxide from bloodstream
    • Produces sounds for communication
  15. Urinary System (Major Organs)
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Urinary Bladder
    • Urethra
  16. Urinary System (Functions)
    • Excretes waste products from the blood
    • Controls water balance by regulating volume of urine produced
    • Stores urine prior to voluntary elimination
    • Regulates blood ion concentrations and pH
  17. Male Reproductive System (Major Organs)
    • Testes 
    • Epididymis
    • Ductus deferens
    • Seminal vesicles
    • Prostate gland
    • Penis 
    • Scrotum
  18. Male Reproductive System (functions)
    Produces male sex cells (sperm) and hormones
  19. Endocrine System (Major Organs)
    • Pituitary gland
    • Thyroid gland
    • Pancreas
    • Adrenal glands
    • Gonads (testes and ovaries)
    • Endocrine tissues in other systems
  20. Endocrine System (Functions)
    • Directs long term changes in the activities of other organ systems
    • adjusts metabolic activity and energy use by the body
    • controls many structural and functional changes during development
  21. Female Reproductive System (Major Organs)
    • Ovaries
    • Uterine tubes
    • uterus
    • Vagina
    • Labia
    • Clitoris
    • Mammary glands
  22. Female Reproductive System (Functions)
    • Produces female sex cells (oocytes) and hormones
    • Supports developing embryo from conception to delivery
    • Provides milk to nourish newborn infant
  23. Cardiovascular System (Major Organs)
    • Heart 
    • Blood
    • Blood vessels
  24. Cardiovascular System (Functions)
    • Distributes blood cells, water, and dissolved materials, including nutrients, waste products, oxygen, and CO2
    • Distributes heat and assists in control of body temp
Author
chanchan27104
ID
348341
Card Set
Systems, Major Organs and Functions
Description
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Updated