Chapter 5 Digestive System Diseases

  1. anorexia
    lack of appetite
  2. ascites
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
  3. borborygmus (plural: borborygmi)
    rumbiling or gurling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract
  4. constipation
    difficulty in passing stools (feces)
  5. diarrhea
    frequent passage of loose, watery stools
  6. dysphagia
    difficulty in swallowing
  7. eructation
    gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth
  8. flatus
    gas epelled through the anus
  9. hematochezia
    passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum
  10. jaundice (icterus)
    Yellow-orange coloration of skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia)
  11. melena
    black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood
  12. nausea
    unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit
  13. steatorrhea
    fat in the feces; frothy- foul-smelling fecal matter
  14. aphthous stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers
  15. dental caries
    tooth decay
  16. herpetic stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth caused by infection of the herpes virus
  17. oral leukoplakia
    white plaques or patches in the mucosa of the mouth
  18. periodontal disease
    inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone
  19. achlasia
    failure of lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax
  20. Esophageal cancer
    malignant tumor of the esopahgus
  21. esophageal varices
    swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esopahgus
  22. gastric cancer
    malignant tumor of the stomach
  23. gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    solds and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
  24. hernia
    protrustion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
  25. peptic ulcer
    open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  26. direct inguinal hernia
    occurs through the abdominal wall in an area of muscular weakness
  27. indirect inguinal hernia
    occurs through the iguinal canal, where the herniated tissue/bowel descends into the scrotal sac
  28. anal fistula
    abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus
  29. colonic polyps
    polyps protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
  30. colorectal cancer
    adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both
  31. crohn's disease
    chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract (terminal ileum and colon)
  32. diverticulosis
    abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall
  33. dysentery
    painful/inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection
  34. hemorrhoids
    swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
  35. ileus
    loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
  36. intussusception
    telscoping of the intestines
  37. irritable bowel syndrome
    group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension
  38. ulcerative colitis
    chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers
  39. volvulus
    twisting of the intestine on itself
  40. cholelithiasis
    gallstones in the gallbladder
  41. cirrhosis
    chronic dengenerative disease of the liver
  42. pancreatic cancer
    malignant tumor of the pancreas
  43. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  44. viral hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
Card Set
Chapter 5 Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Diseases