Medical Triads

  1. Alkaptonuria Triad
    • Ochronotic arthritis
    • Ochronotic pigmentation 
    • Urine darkens on standing 

    Disease: Alkaptonuria
  2. Anderson Triad
    • Bronchiectasis 
    • Cystic fibrosis
  3. Beck's Triad
    • Muffled heart sounds/tones 
    • Distended neck veins
    • Hypotension 

    Disease: Cardiac Tamponade
  4. Charcot's Cholangitis Triad
    • Right upper quadrant pain 
    • Fever 
    • Jaundice 

    Disease: Ascending Cholangitis
  5. Charcot's Neurologic Triad
    • Scanning speech 
    • Intention tremor 
    • Nystagmus 

    Disease: Multiple Sclerosis
  6. Triad of Congenital Toxoplasmosis
    • Chorioretinitis 
    • Hydrocephalus 
    • Intracranial calcifications 

    Disease: Congenital Toxoplasmosis
  7. Triad of Congenital Rubella
    • Cataracts 
    • Patent ductus arteriosus 
    • Sensorineural hearing loss 

    Disease: Congenital Rubella
  8. Congestive Heart Failure Triad
    • Tachycardia 
    • Tachypnea 
    • Tender hepatomegaly 

    Disease: Congestive Heart Failure
  9. Cushing's Triad of Increased Intracranial Pressure
    • Bradycardia
    • Bradypnea 
    • Hypertension 

    Disease: Head Injury
  10. Dieulafoy's Triad
    • Hyperesthesia of the skin 
    • Exquisite tenderness and guarding over McBurney's point 

    Disease: Acute Appendicitis
  11. Fanconi Syndrome Triad
    • Aminoaciduria 
    • Proteinuria 
    • Phosphaturia 

    Disease: Fanconi Syndrome
  12. Female Athlete Triad
    • Eating disorders 
    • Amenorrhoea 
    • Decreased bone mineral density
  13. Gradenigos Triad
    • Sixth cranial nerve palsy 
    • Persistent ear discharge 
    • Deep seated retro orbital pain 

    Disease: Gradenigo's syndrome
  14. Triad of Opioid Overdose
    • Respiratory depression 
    • Pinpoint pupils 
    • CNS depression
  15. Triad of Granulomatosis with Polyangitis
    • Focal necrotizing vasculitis
    • Necrotizing granulomas in the lung and upper airway 
    • Necrotizing glomerulonephritis 

    Disease: Granulmatosis with Polyangitis
  16. Hakim Triad (Adams Triad)
    • Urinary incontinence 
    • Gait disturbance 
    • Dementia 

    Disease: Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
  17. Hemobilia Triad (Triad of Sandblom)
    • Malena 
    • Obstructive jaundice 
    • Biliary colic
  18. Triad of Meigs' Syndrome
    • Ascites 
    • Pleural effusion 
    • Benign ovarian tumor 

    Disease: Meigs' Syndrome
  19. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Triad
    • Anemia
    • Thrombocytopenia 
    • Renal failure
  20. Hutchinson's Triad
    • Hutchinson's teeth 
    • Interstitial keratitis 
    • Nerve deafness

    Disease: Congenital Syphilis
  21. Kartagener Syndrome Triad
    • Triad of bronchiectasis 
    • Recurrent sinusitis 
    • Situs inversus 

    Disease: Kartagener Syndrome
  22. Leriche's Syndrome Triad
    • Triad of bilateral hip, thigh, and buttock claudication 
    • Impotence 
    • Symmetric atrophy of the bilateral lower extremities due to chronic ischemia 

    Disease: Leriche's Syndrome
  23. Meckler's Triad
    • Vomiting 
    • Pain
    • Subcutaneous emphysema 

    Disease:: Boerhaave Syndrome
  24. Meltzer's Triad
    • Purpura 
    • Arthralgias 
    • Weakness/myalgias 

    Disease: Cryoglobulinemia
  25. O'Donoghue Triad (Unhappy Triad)
    • Twisting force in a weight bearing knee
    • Injury to medial collateral ligament
    • Injury to Anterior cruciate ligament
    • Injury to medial meniscus
  26. Triad of Reactive Arthritis
    • Urethritis 
    • Conjunctivitis and anterior uveitis
    • Arthritis 

    Disease: Reactive Arthritis
  27. Saint's Triad
    • Gall stones 
    • Diverticulosis 
    • Hiatus hernia
  28. Samter's Triad (Acetylsalicylic acid triad, Widal's triad, Francis' triad, and Aspirin triad)
    • Aspirin sensitivity 
    • Nasal polyps 
    • Asthma

    Disease: Aspirin induced asthma
  29. Tetany in Children Triad
    • Stridor 
    • Carpopedal spasms
    • Convulsions

    Disease: Tetany
  30. Triad of Albinism
    • Black locks 
    • Occulo-cutaneous albinism 
    • Deafness of sensorineural type 

    Disease: Albinism
  31. Triad of Alport Syndrome
    • Sensorineural deafness 
    • Progressive renal failure 
    • Ocular anomalies 

    Disease Alport Syndrome
  32. Triad of Behcet's Syndrome
    • Recurrent oral ulcers 
    • Genital ulcers 
    • Iridocyclitis 

    Disease: Behcet's Syndrome
  33. Triad of Causes of Biotin Deficiency
    • Glossitis 
    • Alopecia 
    • Dermatitis
  34. Triad of Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
    • Palpable purpura on buttock/legs
    • Arthralgias 
    • Abdominal pain 

    Disease: IgA Vasculitis
  35. Triad of Hypermephroma
    • Pain 
    • Hematuria 
    • Renal mass

    Disease: Hypernephroma
  36. Triad of Kwashiokor
    • Growth retardation
    • Mental changes 
    • Edema 

    Disease: Kwashiorkor
  37. Triad of Pummer-Vinson Syndrome
    • Iron deficiency anemia 
    • Dysphagia 
    • Esophageal webs

    Disease: Plummer-Vinson Syndrome
  38. Triple Test (for diagnosis of downs syndrome)
    • Estimation of Hcg
    • Estriol 
    • AFP
  39. Trotter's Triad
    • Conductive deafness
    • Immobility of homolateral soft palate 
    • Trigeminal neuralgia
  40. Virchow's Triad
    • Stasis 
    • Hypercoagulability 
    • Vessel injury

    Disease: Venous Thrombosis
  41. Triad of Wernicke Encephalopathy
    • Confusion 
    • Ophthalmoplegia 
    • Ataxia

    Disease: Wernicke Encephalopathy
  42. Whipple's Triad
    • Hypoglycemia during attacks 
    • Resolution of symptoms upon correction of blood glucose
    • Symptoms brought about by low glucose states 

    Disease: Insulinoma
  43. Classic Triad
    • Chest pain
    • Heart failure 
    • Syncope 

    Disease: Aortic Stenosis
Author
azffemtb
ID
347997
Card Set
Medical Triads
Description
Medical Triads
Updated