an extended metaphor - the whole poem or story is representative of another idea. Animal Farm is literally about an animal rebellion against their human oppressors on a farm. Allegorically, it is about the Russian Revolution and the rise of Communism in the USSR. An allegory is intended to teach a moral or lesson.
forming word patterns by repeating initial consonant sounds. It depends on sound, not spelling. Allusion: a brief reference to a person, event or thing religious or historical.
This is the quality in a piece of writing that makes it possible to interpret it in more than one way. Analogy: where you explain a complex situation by relating it to a simpler idea.
a character, or characters, in a short story, novel, or play, that gives the Protagonist a challenge.
Exact opposite; contrast or polarity in meaning (too tall to be short; the hydrogen bomb is the antithesis to anti-war advocates)
directly addressing a person or thing as if it/s/he were really there. (Romeo & Juliet, where Juliet speaks, “O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?).
When a character speaks to the audience and the other characters on stage cannot hear the speech.
the repetition of a stressed vowel sounds (ex: Three/beach; say/played; flame/pain).
a narrative poem or song of popular origin, usually in short stanzas and often with a refrain (chorus).
iambic pentameter lines without rhyme. Rhyme is not necessary.
the high point of a story... when the Protagonist makes his/her decision or faces their challenge
where the actual typeset layout of the poem suggest the topic of the poem. For example, a poems about trees, might be shaped like a tree on the page.
the repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words. Ex. Thick stuck gunk, first and last.
literature that is not factually true, but may be based on true events.
poetry with no structure, no rhyme scheme, and no pattern.
popular Japanese form of poetry developed in 17th century. It usually had three lines, respectively with 5, 7, then 5 syllables. Haiku often contrasts two opposing images, and presents an implied comment of nature.
exaggeration, either for comic or serious effect. Ex. I cried a river of tears.
the most common meter used in Shakespeare’s plays, and especially sonnets. Pentameter means five feet. Iambic has two syllables (see “foot”), for a total of 10 syllables.
creating vivid mental pictures through using words that appeal to the senses and emotions. Metaphor: a comparison that doesn’t use comparison words such as like or as.
a comparison that doesn’t use comparison words such as like or as
the dominant feeling or atmosphere of a work. Dark, light, happy, sad, are simple moods.
A re-occuring symbol that develops a major theme of the narrative.
the voice that is telling the story in a novel or short story. There are two popular forms of narration:
First person narrator--
the story is told through the eyes of a character.
the story is told by a person outside of the story.
literature that is true or is based on factual events
a form of lyric poetry using elaborate vocabulary. It usually focuses on a single object or person.
words that sound like the sound they are describing. Ex. BANG, buzz, pop
two opposite or conflicting words, side by side. Example:, Dark day, white night
using comedy or satire when imitating a well-known, serious work. It is much like re-writing a story with foolish characters and actions similar to the original. Parodies often make fun of the original author’s style, or criticize the authors’ views.
the main character of a short story, novel, or play, who is faced with a challenge or a decision to make.
Ordinary language – written or spoken.
a 4 line stanza
the repeating of lines, words, or phrases for emphasis
similar sounding words in the end or within a line.
--last syllable only rhymes. Ex. crime/grime
two syllables rhyme. Ex. resenting/consenting
3 syllables rhyme. Ex. Pollution/solution
happens at end of line
happens within rhyme
makes fun of some part of human nature, customs, or attitudes in order to make a positive change.
comparison using like or as. Ex. Her hair was like spun gold.
When a character speaks to the audience and there are no other characters on stage.
14 line poem. Two kinds:
·Petrarchan--abba abba rhyme scheme, + cdecde or cdedce or cdccdc. The first 8 lines are the octave, which show the theme or asks the question. The sestet responds to the octave.
·English or Shakespearean--4 parts - 3 quatrains and final rhyming couplet. Rhyme scheme is usually abab cdcd efef gg. The 3 quatrains offer 3 examples of the theme, and the final couplet is the final statement, and is often an epigram.
saying certain syllables or words in a line with more emphasis or volume.
a group of lines of a poem arranged so that the rhyme or rhythm forms a pattern that is repeated throughout the poem.
using an image to represent an idea.
·Ex. Storms often symbolize impending disaster
·black cat=bad luck
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work.