Hebrew Chapter 5 Grammar

  1. סוּסוֹת
    Mares (f.p.) SUSOTH
  2. סוּסִים
    Horses (m.p.) SUSEEM
  3. וֹת
    Plural feminine ending
  4. .ים
    Masculine plural ending
  5. אוֹתוֹת
    Signs (f.p.) OTHOTH
  6. Plurals that do NOT change the noun vowels
    A. Monosyllabic nouns that have an unchangeable long vowel (ex. סוּסִים,אוֹתוֹת)

    B. Polysyllabic nouns with shewa, or composite shewa in the first syllable (ex. יְשׁוּעוֹת)
  7. Plurals with propretonic reduction
    דָּבָר becomes דְּבָרִים because the tone syllable has changed from בָר to רִים and so the open propretonic syllable דָּ must reduce to a shewa.
  8. Plurals with pretonic reduction (part A)
    A. Two-syllable nouns with a closed first syllable (ex. מִזְבֵּחַ altar becomes מִזְבְּחוֹת) When the plural ending is added the accent moves back, because a closed, unaccented syllable is always short, but a shewa cannot reduce, the pretonic reduces. (Rule: if a propretonic cannot reduce, an i-class or u-class open pretonic often will reduce).
  9. Plurals with pretonic reduction (part B)
    • B. Two-syllable nouns with an unchangeable vowel in the first syllable
    • (Ex. שׁוֹפֵט judge becomes שִׁוֹפְטִים). Since וֹ cannot reduce to shewa, the pretonic reduces instead.
  10. אָב (irregular plural) father
    • אָבוֹת
    • Fathers
  11. אִישׁ Man (irr. Plural)
    אָנָשִׁים men
  12. אִשָּׁה woman (irr. Plural)
    נָשִׁים women
  13. בַּיִם house (irr. Plural)
    דָּ֫תִּים houses
  14. בֵּן son (irr. Plural)
    בָּנִים sons
  15. יוֹם day (irr. Plural)
    יָמִים days
  16. מִזְבֵּחַ altar (irr. Plural)
    מִזְבְּחוֹת altars
  17. עִיר city (irr. Plural)
    עָרִים cities (f.pl.)
Card Set
Hebrew Chapter 5 Grammar
Hebrew Chapter 5 Grammar and examples