Unit 5 Facial Bone & Paranasal Sinuses

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    • 1. Maxillae
    • 2. Palatine
    • 3. Zygomatic
    • 4. Lacrimal
    • 5. Nasal bones
    • 6. Inferior nasal conchae
    • 7. Vomer
    • 8. Mandible
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    • 1. Nasal
    • 2. Lacrimal
    • 3. Zygoma
    • 4. Inferior nasal concha
    • 5. Maxilla
    • 6. Mandible
    • 7. Lacrimal
    • 8. Nasal
    • 9. Zygoma
    • 10. Maxilla
    • 11. Mandible
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    • Maxillary Bones
    • Body
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    • 1. Maxillary sinuses
    • 2. Roots of upper molars
    • 3. Right maxilla
    • 4. Left maxilla
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    • 1. Anterior nasal spine
    • 2. Frontal
    • 3. Zygomatic
    • 4. Alveolar
    • 5. Palatine
    • 6. Frontal process
    • 7. Zygomatic process
    • 8. Body
    • 9. Alveolar process
    • 10. Acanthion
    • 11. Anterior nasal spine
  6. What bones?

    - L-shaped bones that form the posterior part of the hard palate (roof of mouth)

    - Articulate with palatine processes of the maxillae to form the entire hard palate
    Palatine Bones
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    • 1. Right palatine process of right maxilla
    • 2. Left palatine process of left maxilla
    • 3. Palatine bones (horizontal portions)
    • 4. Pterygoid hamulus of sphenoid (cranial bone)
  8. What bones?

    - Bones that form the prominence of the cheeks & make up the lower outer portion of the orbits

    - _________ – slender process of bone that extends posteriorly to join with zygomatic process of temporal bone

    - _________ – most prominent part of zygoma used as a positioning landmark
    • Zygomatic bones
    • Zygomatic arch
    • Zygomatic prominence
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    • 1. Maxilla
    • 2. Zygomatic bone
    • 3. Zygomatic prominence
    • 4. Zygomatic arch
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    • 1. Lacrimal
    • 2. Nasal bone
    • 3. Lacrimal bone
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    • 1. Nasal 
    • 2. Frontal process of maxilla
    • 3. Nasion
    • 4. Lacrimal bone
    • 5. Nasal bones
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    Inferior nasal conchae
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    • 1. Crista galli
    • 2. Superior nasal conchae
    • 3. Cribriform plate
    • 4. Sphenoid bone
    • 5. Vertical portion of palatine
    • 6. Horizontal portion of palatine
    • 7. Palatine process of maxilla
    • 8. Inferior nasal conchae
    • 9. Middle nasal conchae
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    • 1. Superior and middle nasal conchae (ethmoid bone)
    • 2. Inferior nasal conchae
  15. Which bone?

    Thin, triangular bone situated in the midsagittal plane of the floor of the nasal cavity

    _______ – divides the nasal cavity into 2 halves. Made up of:
    •Perpendicular plate of ethmoid - superior portion
    •______ - inferoposterior portion
    •______ - anterior portion
    • Vomer
    • Nasal septum
    • vomer
    • septal cartilage
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    • 1. Septal cartilage
    • 2. Perpendicular plate of ethmoid
    • 3. Vomer
  17. Which bone?

    Largest facial bone & only one that is moveable
    2 main parts separated by the gonion (angle):
    _____ – curved horizontal portion (u-shaped)
    _____ (2) – vertical portions
    • Mandible
    • Body
    • Ramus
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    • 1. Body
    • 2. Body
    • 3. Ramus
    • 4. Rami
  19. Mandible Body

    ________ – superior part of body; supports lower teeth

    ________ – union of each lateral half at anterior midline
    ________ – flat, triangular area below symphysis menti with knoblike projections; center is called “mental point”

    ________ – passageway for nerves & blood vessels (lower lip & chin)
    • Alveolar process
    • Symphysis menti
    • Mental protuberance
    • Mental foramina
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    • 1. Mental point
    • 2. Symphysis menti
    • 3. Alveolar process
    • 4. Alveolar process
    • 5. Mental protuberance
    • 6. Mental foramen
  21. ____________?

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    • Madibular Rami
    • 1. Mandibular notch
    • 2. Coronoid process
    • 3. Condyloid process
    • 4. Condyle
    • 5. Neck
    • 6. Coronoid process
    • 7. Mandibular notch
    • 8. Condyloid process
    • 9. Condyle (head)
    • 10. Neck
    • 11. Ramus
  22. Articulations

    Maxilla/mandible & teeth:
    - _______

    Mandible & Temporal bones:
    - _______(__) - condyle of mandible & temporomandibular fossa of temporal bone
    - _______ with a ______ movement type.
    Amphiarthrodial 

    • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
    • Diarthrodial, bicondylar
  23. Orbits
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  24. Orbital Openings

    _________ (sphenoid bone) – passageway for optic nerve from retina to brain

    _________ (between lesser & greater wings of sphenoid bone) – passageway for 4 cranial nerves that serve eye

    _________ – (between maxilla, zygoma & greater wing of sphenoid) – passageway for maxillary branch of cranial nerves that serve cheek, nose, upper lip & teeth

    _________ – small space which is a portion of the lateral wall of the optic cana
    • Optic foramen
    • Superior orbital fissure
    • Inferior orbital fissure
    • Sphenoid strut
  25. Orbital openings 
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    • 1. Optic foramen
    • 2. Sphenoid strut
    • 3. Superior orbital fissure
    • 4. Inferior orbital fissure
  26. Sinuses

    4 groups of air-filled cavities that communicate with each other & the nasal cavity:
    - ______ (2) – within bodies of maxillae
    - ______ (2) – within inner & outer tables of frontal bone
    - ______ (many) – within lateral labyrinths of ethmoid
    - ______ (1 or 2) – within body of sphenoid below sella turcica

    Serve to:
    - Lighten the skull
    - Provide resonance for the voice
    - Produce mucus to moisten inhaled air
    • Maxillary
    • Frontal
    • Ethmoid
    • Sphenoid
  27. Sinuses
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    • 1. Right temporal bone
    • 2. Frontal
    • 3. Ethmoid
    • 4. Sphenoid
    • 5. Maxillary
    • 6. Frontal 
    • 7. Ethmoid
    • 8. Sphenoid
    • 9. Maxillary
    • 10. Left temporal bone
  28. Radiographic Anatomy – PA Facial Bones & Sinuses
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    • 1. Crista galli
    • 2. Petrous ridge
    • 3. Maxillary sinus
    • 4. Mandible
    • 5. Anterior nasal spine
    • 6. Ethmoid & Sphenoid sinuses
    • 7. Supraorbital margin (SOM)
    • 8. Frontal sinuses
  29. Radiographic Anatomy – Waters Facial Bones & Sinuses
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    • 1. Bony nasal septum
    • 2. Maxillary sinus
    • 3. Petrous ridge
    • 4. Mandible
    • 5. Dens
    • 6. Angle of mandible
    • 7. Coronoid process
    • 8. Zygoma
    • 9. Zygomatic arch
    • 10. Orbit
  30. Radiographic Anatomy – Lateral Facial Bones & Sinuses
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    • 1. Frontal sinuses
    • 2. Nasal bone
    • 3. Ethmoid sinuses
    • 4. Maxillary sinuses
    • 5. Anterior nasal spine
    • 6. Mentum
    • 7. Hyoid bone
    • 8. Angle (gonion)
    • 9. Ramus of mandible
    • 10. Greater wing of sphenoid
    • 11. EAM
    • 12. Sella turcica
    • 13. Petrous portion of temporal bone
    • 14. Sphenoid sinuses
    • 15. Orbital roof
  31. Radiographic Anatomy – SMV Facial Bones & Sinuses
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    • 1. Foramen ovale
    • 2. Foramen spinosum
    • 3. Foramen magnum
    • 4. Petrous pyramid
    • 5. Mastoid
    • 6. Sphenoid sinus
    • 7. Condyle
    • 8. Posterior border palatine bones
    • 9. Vomer
    • 10. Maxillary sinus
    • 11. Ethmoid sinuses
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    PA Axial Facial Bones(Caldwell Method)
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    PA Axial Facial Bones(Caldwell Method)
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    PA Parietoacanthial Facial Bones (Waters Method)
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    PA Parietoacanthial Facial Bones (Waters Method)
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    PA Modified Parietoacanthial Facial Bones (Modified Waters Method)
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    PA Modified Parietoacanthial Facial Bones (Modified Waters Method)
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    Lateral Facial Bones
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    Lateral Facial Bones
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    Lateral Nasal Bones
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    Lateral Nasal Bones
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    Submentovertical (SMV) Zygomatic Arches
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    Submentovertical (SMV) Zygomatic Arches
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    Oblique Inferosuperior Tangential Zygomatic Arches
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    Oblique Inferosuperior Tangential Zygomatic Arches
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    PA Mandible
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    PA Mandible
Author
Marc817
ID
347356
Card Set
Unit 5 Facial Bone & Paranasal Sinuses
Description
Unit 5 Facial Bone & Paranasal Sinuses
Updated