6th grade spring final 2019

  1. What is culture?
    set of beliefs, behaviors and traits shared by a group of people
  2. Give examples of culture traits
    ethnic groups, language, religion, customs, history, government, economy
  3. List ways that culture spreads
    war, conquest, exporting goods and immigration
  4. Give 2 examples of regions
    Latin America and Spanish Harlem
  5. What is a limited government? Name a country that has a limited government.
    Everyone, including the government leaders, must obey the laws of the country.

    Example: United States
  6. What is an unlimited government? Give an example of country that has an unlimited government
    Government where the leaders do not have to follow the laws. 

    Example North Korea.
  7. Describe a republic and name two countries with republics
    It is a type of government that originated in Rome where citizens govern themselves through elected representatives. 

    Examples: US and Germany
  8. Describe a constitutional monarchy and list two countries with constitutional monarchies.
    A monarch in which the powers of the ruler are restricted to those granted under the constitution and laws of the nation.

    Example: Great Britain and Japan
  9. Describe communism and name the largest Communist country.
    Type of government in which the government controls both society and the economy.

    Example: China
  10. Describe an oligarchy.
    Type of rule in which a small group of people have control of the country, organization or institution.
  11. What are rights of citizenship.
    Rights of citizenship are basic freedoms all people should have
  12. What are responsibilities of citizenship?
    The responsibilities of citizenship are actions that we should do and fulfill voluntarily.
  13. Name the major geographical features of South America,
    The Amazon River is the longest river, the Amazon forest is the largest rainforest, and the Andes Mountains are the longest mountain range
  14. Name the types of industries
    agricultural (raising crops and livestock), service (providing a service--i.e., doctors)
  15. What is the difference between retail and wholesale?
    Retail is the sale of goods to the public in relatively small quantities for use or consumption other than resale.

    Wholesale is the selling of good in large quantities to be retailed by others.
  16. What are the factors of production?
    Natural resources, labor resources, and capital resources
  17. Name the Asian nation that is made of thousands of islands and has a large population.
  18. Describe the location of the ancient civilization called the Incas
    South America
  19. Describe the location of the ancient civilization called the Aztecs
  20. Describe the location of the ancient civilization called the Mayans
  21. How did ancient civilizations adapt to their environment?
    Changed their surroundings to fit their needs whether it was crops, transportation, communication, etc. 

    Example: Incas built roads, tunnels and bridges to connect their empire
  22. What is a renewable resource?
    resources that can be replaced, such as crops
  23. What are nonrenewable resources?
    resources that cannot be replaced or that are hard to replace, such as oil
  24. What is the importance of the Mediterranean Sea?
    it is a major trade route between Europe, Asia and Africa connecting them to the Atlantic Ocean
  25. What is the importance of the Panama Canal?
    it is a man made canal that connects the Atlantic  and Pacific Oceans, cutting the time it takes to get around the southern tip of South America
  26. Explain latitude and longitude
    Latitude: lines on a map that run east to west. They measure north and south of the equator. 

    Longitude: lines on a map that run north to south. They measure east and west of the prime meridian.

    You read latitude first and longitude second.
  27. What resources has brought economic wealth and conflict to the Middle East?
    oil=gas= petroleum
  28. Describe the geography of the Middle East
    it has vast areas of deserts
  29. Where is the Middle East located?
    southwest Asia
  30. List some ongoing problems in Africa
    drought, desertification, overgrazing
  31. Describe European colonization of Africa and some of the effects
    European countries divided up area of Africa to colonize so that they could take advantage of Africa's natural resources. This spread the English language and customs to Africa
  32. What is the significance of the Magna Carta?
    a document that English nobles forced King John to sign that limited the power of the monarch because they felt he was too harsh
  33. Describe the Industrial Revolution
    the time period where mankind shifted from making goods at home to making goods on steam powered machines
  34. What was the French Revolution?
    the growing middle class in France resented not having a say in the government so they led a rebellion against the government
  35. how did the French Revolution end?
    It ended with a document titled the "Declaration of the Rights of Man"
  36. What started World War I?
    the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
  37. What countries made up the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers during World War II?
    Allied powers: United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union

    Axis Powers: Germany, Italy and Japan
  38. What were the causes of World War 2?
    Germany was blamed for WWI
  39. What was the original purpose of the European Union?
    to strengthen trade among the countries of Europe
  40. How does the European Union help the member nations?
    Helps member national be more competitive with nations who have larger economies
  41. Who was Nelson Mandela?
    a civil rights activist from South Africa who spent 27 years in prison for his actions against Apartheid laws. He became the first black president of South Africa
  42. What was Aparthied?
    South Africa's official policy on racial segregation
  43. Who was Mohandas Gandhi?
    a leader in India who led nonviolent protests against British rule
  44. What did Mohandas Gandhi do for India?
    He helped India gain independence from Great Britain
  45. What is the underlying principle of the US constitution?
    government receives power from its  people
  46. Which continent's economic development has been influenced by the discovery of diamonds and gold?
  47. What region of the world is considered Latin America?
    Mexico, Central America and South America
  48. What European country conquered most of Latin America?
  49. How did the crusades influence European culture?
    they introduced new ideas to the culture of Europe
  50. What was the Industrial Revolution?
    Scientific discoveries in the 16th and 17th centuries that led to the advances in manufacturing
  51. Define slash and burn agriculture
    Method of farming that involves cutting down trees and underbrush and burning the area to create fields for crops
  52. What is the Sahel region of Africa?
    The area of Africa between the Sahara and the countries further to the south. Due to desertification it is largely a desert area.
  53. What geographic feature isolated South Asia from the rest of the continent?
    The Himalyas
  54. Define imports
    goods brought into the country for trade
  55. Define exports
    goods sent out of the country for trade
Card Set
6th grade spring final 2019
final exam review