Music 100 quiz 1

  1. Dies Irae/ Day of wrath
    • Monophonic
    • Nonmetric
    • Frequent cadences
    • Acappella
    • Midieval era
    • Syllabic and melismatic
    • The work is sung by men
    • latin text
    • church mode
  2. "Viderunt Omnes" ("All Have Seen") by Leonin
    • Organum and Chant
    • Polyphonic and monophonic
    • Latin text
    • Beginning is polyphonic, sung by men
    • Organum section is characterized by a high melody joined by a slower lower moving one
    • The text in the plainchant section moves faster than in the organum section
    • The music heard is in a slight feel of triple meter, then nonmetric
    • The voices heard are a small group of men
    • The musical texture is two-part polyphony, then monophonic chant
  3. "Kyrie" from "Missa Papae Marcelli" Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
    • Polyphonic
    • 6 voices
    • This Mass movement comprises 3 different sections
    • The melodic shapes at the beginning of the first Kyrie tend to descend lower
    • Compared with the earlier sections, the final "Kyrie" seems to bemore optimistic and hopeful
    • Renaissance era
  4. "Fair Phyllis" John Farmer
    • Lots of word painting
    • 4 voices (SATB)
    • Madrigal
    • Variety of textures
    • Changes meter
    • The musical characteristic that remains the same throughout is the mood
    • The tempo of this work remains the same throughout
    • This composition is written in major mode
  5. Three Dances from "Terpsichore" Michael Praetorius
    • The Lute
    • Trill- Fluttering between 2 notes
  6. Meter
    organization of beats into regular grps
  7. Tempo
    pace of the music/ rate or speed of beat
  8. Texture
    the way the vertical & horizontal strands of melody are interwoven
  9. dynamics
    levels of loudness/ softness
  10. cadence
    when a phrase or melody ends with a sense of finality
  11. Chromatic Scale
    • includes all notes
    • ex. flight of the bumble bee
  12. Dissonant
    combination of notes that is considered unstable & tense (like fighting w/ each other)
  13. Consonant
    combination of notes that is considered stable & w/o tension
  14. Pizzicato
    plucked by players fingers
  15. Binary Form (2 part form)
    • consists of a beginning section followed by a contrasting 2nd section. AB
    • ex. AABB or AAB or ABB
    • ex. jingle bells
  16. Ternary Form (3 part form)
    • includes a beginning section, a contrasting middle section & then a repeat of the beginning
    • ex. ABA
    • ex. twinkle twinkle little start
  17. Female
    Soprano, Mezzo Soprano, Alto
  18. Male
    Tenor, Baritone, Bass
  19. Vibrato
    vibration in sound
  20. Trill
    rapid alternation btwn 2 notes
  21. Melody (horizontal)
    a series of notes that add up to a recognizable whole
  22. Harmony (vertical)
    notes sounding at the same time
  23. Rythm
    the ordered flow of music thru time
  24. Mayor
    the notes from one C to the next C on the white keys of the piano
  25. Minor
    resembles mayor, but has a # of lowered notes.
  26. Chord
    grps of notes
  27. Crescendo
    music getting louder when can express exuberance
  28. Decrescendo
    music getting softer give effect of a calming tension
  29. Ritardando
    gradually slowing in tempo
  30. Accelerando
    an increase in musical tempo
  31. Tonic
    • the first note of any scale
    • ex. do
  32. Half Step
    the small interval from one note to the next closest note higher or lower
  33. Intervals
    • distance btwn 2 pitches
    • ex. unison/ octave
  34. Timbre
    distinctive sound quality of an instrument (aka tone color)
  35. Modulation
    The shift from one key to another when the same composition
  36. Key
    central note, scale & chord
  37. Legato
    bowing technique notes flow naturally & smoothly from 1 to next
  38. Staccato (bowing technique)
    notes sound choppy; short & detached from each other
  39. Strophic Form
    • verse repeating or chorus form
    • ex. A, A, A (repetition)
  40. Chamber Music
    general term for small grps of instruments in when each palyer plays his/her own part
  41. Orchestra
    grp of instruments from dif families
  42. Symphonic bands (wind ensembles)
    made up primarily of woodwind, brass, & percussion instruments
  43. Conductor
    large ensembles such as ochestras, wind ensembles, & choruses
  44. Monophony
    type of texture; one melodic line
  45. Polyphony
    more than one melodic line
  46. Homophony
    you have instruments to support you
  47. Sacred Music
    • Chant
    • Music for church
    • Latin text
    • Began as monophony
  48. Chants
    • monophonic
    • nonmetric
  49. Organum
    • polyphonic
    • measured
  50. Chant &Organum
    • acappella
    • sacred
    • latin
    • sung by men
    • often anonymous composers
  51. Secular Music
    • non religious
    • started as homophonic
    • italian & english madrigal
  52. Vocal Settings
    Syllabic & Melismatic
  53. The Mass
    Ordinary & Proper
Card Set
Music 100 quiz 1
Classical Music