IFT Academic test

  1. AOA - Angle of Attack
    Angular difference of the chord line in relation to the relative wind
  2. Chord Line
    Imaginary straight line between the leading and trailing edge
  3. Relative Wind
    is parallel to and opposite the flight path of the airplane
  4. Lift
    Opposes weight and gravity


    Key aerodynamic force
  5. Stall
    Exceeding the critical angle of attack

    The separation of airflow from the airfoil resulting in the loss of lift
  6. Spin Recovery
    THROTTLE - IDLE

    RUDDER - FULL OPPOSITE TO SPIN

    CONTROL STICK - EASE FORWARD

    RUDDER - NEUTRAL WHEN ROTATION STOPS

    FLAPS - CRUISE

    CONTROL STICK - PULL CAUTIOUSLY
  7. Vertical Axis
    passes through CG

    called YAW

    controlled by rudder pedals
  8. Lateral Axis
    Wingtip to wingtip through CG

    Called pitch

    Controlled by elevator
  9. Longitudinal Axis
    Nose to tail through CG

    Called Roll

    Controlled by Ailerons
  10. TORQUE (Turning Tendencies)
    • Left turning tendency
    • Newton's third law
    • Propeller rotates clockwise-rotates plane counterclockwise
  11. Gyroscopic Precession
    • Right turning tendency
    • caused by props gryroscope characteristics
  12. Asymmetrical Thrust (P-Factor)
    Unequal thrust causes yaw left
  13. Turning Tendencies
    (High power, low airspeed)
    • Torque
    • Gyroscopic precession
    • Asymmetrical thrust
    • Spiraling slip stream
  14. Drag
    • Parasite
    • Induced
  15. Parasite Drag
    • Form
    • Interference
    • Skin
  16. Best Glide Speed
    • L/D Max
    • 73 KIAS
  17. Induced drag
    • created by the production of lift
    • inversely proportional to square of speed
  18. Stall speed increases with
    • weight
    • forward CG
    • changes in wing shape (i.e. ice or snow)
    • turbulence
  19. What turns an airplance
    horizontal component of lift
  20. Load factor and stall speed
    increasing load factor causes aircraft to stall at higher speeds
  21. AFT CG
    • Stall speed decreases
    • stability decreases
    • cruise speed increase
  22. Forward CG
    • Stall Speed increases
    • Stability increases
    • Cruise speed decreases
  23. High Air pressure
    equals better performance
  24. As temp goes up performance
    goes down
  25. Standard day
    • 29.92
    • 15C
    • 0% humidity
  26. As humidity increases
    • Air density decreases
    • performance goes down
  27. Vx
    • Best angle of climb
    • 60 KIAS Flaps T/O
  28. Vy
    • Best rate of climb 
    • 66KIAS Flaps T/O
  29. Vso
    34KIAS
  30. Vsi
    • 42KIAS
    • Flaps up
  31. Light Gun signal

    STEADY GREEN
    • cleared to cross
    • cleared to takeoff
    • cleared to land
  32. Light Gun signal

    FLASHING GREEN
    • cleared to taxi
    • return for landing
  33. Light Gun signal

    FLASHING RED
    • taxi clear of runway
    • airport is unsafe/do not land
  34. NOTAMS D
    widely disseminated
  35. FDC NOTAMS
    center NOTAMS
  36. Class B

    (Chart depiction)
    Solid blue line
  37. Class C

    (Chart depiction)
    Solid magenta
  38. Class D

    (Chart depiction)
    Dashed blue line
  39. Class E

    (Chart depiction)
    Dashed magenta line
  40. Controlled Airspace
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
  41. Class A
    • IFR only
    • Clearance required
    • FL180-FL600
    • <Mach 1
  42. Class B requirements
    • Clearance required
    • IFR & VFR
    • Two way radio maintained
    • Mode C
  43. Class B Speed (Above 10,000)
    <Mach 1
  44. Class B Speed (Below 10,000)
    <250KIAS
  45. Class B Speed (VFR below)
    <200 KIAS
  46. Class B Weather
    • 3SM
    • clear of clouds
  47. Class C requirements
    • IFR & VFR
    • Two way communication 
    • Mode C
  48. Class C speeds
    • <250 KIAS
    • <200 KIAS below 2,500AGL w/i 4nm of airport
  49. Class C weather
    • 1532
    • 1000' above
    • 500' below
    • 3 SM vis
    • 2,000' horizontal
  50. Class B height
    Surface to 10,000 MSL (generally)
  51. Class C height
    • Core = surface-4,000AGL 5NM radius
    • Shelf = 1,200AGL-4,000'AGL, 5-10NM
  52. Class D Airspace requirements
    Two way communications
  53. Class D airspeeds
    • <250KIAS
    • <200KIAS within 4NM of primary airport
  54. Class D weather
    • 1532
    • 1,000 above
    • 500 below
    • 3SM
    • 2,000 horizontally
  55. Class D height
    SFC-2,500 AGL
  56. Class E weather (below 10,00MSL)
    • 1532
    • 1,000 above
    • 500 below
    • 3SM
    • 2,000 horizontally
  57. Class E weather (above 10,000MSL)
    • 5111
    • 5SM
    • 1,000 above
    • 1,000 below
    • 1SM horizontally
  58. Class G speeds
    • <250 KIAS below 10,000MSL
    • <Mach 1 above 10,000MSL
  59. Class G weather (above 10,000MSL)
    • 5111
    • 5SM
    • 1,000 above
    • 1,000 below
    • 1SM horizontally
  60. Class G weather (below 1,200'AGL)
    • 1SM vis
    • Clear of clouds
  61. Class G weather (above 1,200'AGL & below 10,000MSL)
    • 1512
    • 1SM vis
    • 500' below
    • 1,000' above
    • 2,000 horizontally
  62. ADM - Aircrew Decision Making
    Systematic approach to the mental process used by aircraft pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances
  63. ADM Steps
    • 1. Identify personal attitudes hazardous to safe flight
    • 2. learn behavior modification techinques
    • 3. learn to recognize and cope with stress
    • 4. develop RM skills
    • 5. use all resources
    • 6. Evaluate effectiveness of ADM skills
  64. Hazardous Attitudes
    • 1. Anit-authority
    • 2. Impulsivity
    • 3. Invulnerability
    • 4. Macho
    • 5. Resignation
  65. Anti-authority Antidote
    Follow the rules.  They are usually right.
  66. Impulisivity - Antidote
    Not so fast. Think first
  67. Invulnerability - ANTIDOTE
    It could happen to me
  68. Macho - ANTIDOTE
    Taking chances is foolish
  69. Resignation - ANTIDOTE
    I'm not helpless.  I can make a difference
  70. Risk Management
    Decision-making process to systematically evaluate possible courses of action, ID risks and benefits and determine the best course of action
  71. Runway Incursion
    Any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle, or person on the protected surface designated for takeoffs and landings of an aircraft
  72. CRM 6 core components
    • 1. Mission planning/debriefing (mission analysis)
    • 2. Communication
    • 3. Risk management/decision making
    • 4. Situational awareness (SA)
    • 5. Task management
    • 6. Crew Coordination/flight integrity
  73. DA-20 Flaps
    • Slotted
    • electric flap acuator
    • 3 positions
  74. Powerplant
    • Propeller
    • IO-240-B engine
    • 125hp @ 2800RPM
  75. FUEL SYSTEM
    • tank
    • gascolator
    • Duke's fuel pump
    • fuel shutoff
    • engine driven fuel pump
    • throttle body/Fuel control unit
    • fuel distribution manifold
    • fuel injectors
    • engine cylinders
  76. IGNITION SYSTEM
    • Ignition switch
    • magnetos
    • ignition leads
    • spark plugs
  77. OIL SYSTEM
    • Wet oil sump
    • engine-driven oil pump
    • oil filter
    • vernatherm (oil cooler bypass)
    • engine accessories
    • engine components
  78. CAMBER
    the characteristic of the aerofoil's upper and lower surfaces
  79. Density altitude
    pressure altitude corrected for variations in temperature
  80. Indicated Airspeed (IAS)
    the speed of the aircraft as observed on the airspeed indicator
  81. True Airspeed (TAS)
    • speed of the aircraft in relation to the air mass in which it is flying
    • IAS corrected for air density
  82. Wake turbulence (times)
    • 3 minute behind heavy 
    • 2 minute behind small plus
    • 1 minute behind small helicopters
    • 3,000' lateral with small fixed wing aircraft
  83. How often does a civilian check ride need to be accomplished?
Author
scttybleek
ID
347028
Card Set
IFT Academic test
Description
Academic Test study guide
Updated