Infant and child life support

  1. what is a infant and child defined as?
    • infant <1 year old 
    • Child between 1 year and puberty
  2. what are the to failures that could lead to a cardiac arrest?
    • circulatory failure 
    • respiratory failure
  3. For circulatory failure, what are examples of how fluid could be lost?
    • blood 
    • gastroenteritis - D and V 
    • burns
  4. for circulatory failure, what are examples of fluid redistribution?
    • septic shock 
    • cardiac disease 
    • anaphylaxis
  5. for respiratory failure, what are examples of respiratory distress?
    • croup
    • asthma 
    • foreign body
  6. for respiratory failure, what are examples of respiratory depression?
    • convulsions 
    • poisoning 
    • raised ICP/ head trauma
  7. what should be done after checking the airway and they are not breathing properly?
    5 rescue breaths
  8. what is classed as a slow pulse for a child which is classed as no signs of life?
    <60 bpm
  9. what is the ratio for compressions and ventilations?
    15:2
  10. what size op will need a tongue depressor?
    00-1
  11. what time should the ventilations be given?
    1-1.5 seconds
  12. what should be done after the 5 rescue breaths?
    re assess
  13. what are you looking for with the rescue breaths?
    look for rise and fall of chest
  14. what happens if there is no sign of life after the rescue breaths?
    chest compressions
  15. what rate should be chest compressions be and what depth?
    • 100-120 per minute 
    • 15:2
    • 1/3 depth
  16. what cardiac arrest rhythms are most common in children?
    • asystole 
    • PEA
  17. when are shockable rhythms more likely in children? pulseless VT and VF
    child with underlying cardiac disease
  18. when should paed defib pads be used for all shocks?
    8 years and under
  19. what is the main cause of cardiac arrest in paeds?
    hypoxia
  20. what happens if you need to shock an <8 but you have no lp1000 and only a lp15?
    • put lp15 in manual mode
    • check jrcalc for shock jouls 
    • use adult pads in either anterior lateral or anterior posterior- depends in size- should be able to get a hand in between pads
  21. for a pt >9 how would you use the lp1000?
    • adult defib pads 
    • A-L position 
    • AED mode
  22. or a pt >9 how would you use the lp15?
    • adult pads 
    • A-L position 
    • AED mode
  23. how should shockable rhythms be treated?
    • single shock
    • immediate CPR- 15:2 
    • after 2 minutes of CPR
    • check rhythm/ pulse
    • deliver another shock if indicated
  24. what temp should we aim to keep the pt?
    36-37.5
Author
davidgoddard93
ID
346975
Card Set
Infant and child life support
Description
Infant and child life support
Updated