NPMA ACE ANTS 02

  1. ANTS

    Phylum =
    Arthropoda
  2. ANTS

    Class =
    Insecta
  3. ANTS

    Order =
    Hymenoptera
  4. ANTS

    Family =
    Formicidae
  5. ANTS   Sub-families:

    D_
    F_
    M_
    P_
    • Dolichoderinae
    • Formicinae
    • Myrmicinae
    • Ponerinae
  6. ANT BASICS

    _ exoskeleton
    Chitinous
  7. ANT BASICS

    number of body segments =
    3
  8. ANT BASICS

    how many pairs of jointed legs =
    3
  9. ANT BASICS

    how many pairs of elbowed antennae
    1
  10. ANT BASICS

    1 pair of elbowed antennae ( _ + funiculus)
    scape + funiculus
  11. ANT BASICS

    1 pair of elbowed antennae ( scape + _ )
    scape + funiculus
  12. ANT BASICS

    _ eyes
    compound
  13. ANT MORPHOLOGY

    alternate name for thorax
    alitrunk
  14. ANT MORPHOLOGY

    alternate name of abdomen
    gaster
  15. ANT MORPHOLOGY

    number of abdominal segments
    3
  16. ANT MORPHOLOGY   Abdominal segments

    1) P_

    2) P_

    3) G_
    • Propodeum
    • Pedicel/Petiole
    • Gaster
  17. ANT MORPHOLOGY   abdomen

    looks like part of the thorax
    propodeum
  18. ANT MORPHOLOGY  abdomen

    constricted "_" / "_"
    waist/nodes
  19. ANT MORPHOLOGY   abdomen

    large terminal segment
    gaster
  20. Complete metamorphosis =
    holometaboly
  21. Ants live in colonies exhibiting:

    1) _ _

    2) Cooperative caring for young

    3) Construction and maintenance of a communal living structure
    Overlapping generations
  22. Ants live in colonies exhibiting:

    1) Overlapping generations

    2) _ _ _ _

    3) Construction and maintenance of a communal living structure
    Cooperative caring for young
  23. Ants live in colonies exhibiting:

    1) Overlapping generations

    2) Cooperative caring for young

    3)
    Construction and maintenance of a communal living structure
  24. ANT REPRODUCTION

    Territorial, aggressive, shorter colony life

    Monogyne
    Polygyne
    Monogyne
  25. ANT REPRODUCTION

    may adopt queens, less aggressive, long lived colonies

    Monogyne
    Polygyne
    Polygyne
  26. SOCIALITY IN ANTS

    Queens find colonies and are responsible for _
    egg laying
  27. Fertilized eggs yield _

    Unfertilized eggs yield _
    • females
    • males
  28. Work in the colony is done by _ _
    sterile females
  29. Foraging, brood care, nest construction, maintenance, colony defense, and queen tending are all done by _ _
    sterile females
  30. Males are non-functional except during _
    mating
  31. ANT CLASSIFICATION

    Order =
    Hymenoptera
  32. ANT CLASSIFICATION

    Family =
    Formicidae
  33. ANT SUBFAMILIES

    1) _

    2) Formicinae

    3) Myrmicinae

    4) Ponerinae
    1) Dolichoderinae
  34. ANT SUBFAMILIES

    1) Dolichoderinae

    2) _

    3) Myrmicinae

    4) Ponerinae
    2) Formicinae
  35. ANT SUBFAMILIES

    1) Dolichoderinae

    2) Formicinae

    3) _

    4) Ponerinae
    Myrmicinae
  36. ANT SUBFAMILIES

    1) Dolichoderinae

    2) Formicinae

    3) Myrmicinae

    4) _
    Ponerinae
  37. Workers and 1st/3rd stage larvae can only ingest _
    liquids
  38. _ and 1st/3rd stage larvae can only ingest liquids
    Workers
  39. Workers and _ / _ stage larvae can only ingest liquids
    1st and 3rd stage
  40. Narrow waist of workers can't accommodate _
    solids
  41. Narrow _ of workers can't accommodate solids
    waist
  42. Workers carry food in _ (infra-buccal pocket)
    mouth
  43. Workers carry food in mouth (_ - _ pocket)
    infra buccal
  44. _ stage larvae can ingest solids
    4th stage larvae
  45. 4th stage larvae can ingest _
    solids
  46. "Stomach" of the colony = _ stage larvae
    4th
  47. Liquid food is stored in _ (foregut)
    crop
  48. Liquid food is stored in crop (_)
    foregut
  49. Food is passed between ants via _
    trophallaxis
  50. Mouth to mouth food transfer =
    trophallaxis
  51. 3-4 taste testers before queen is _
    fed
  52. #-# taste testers before queen is fed
    3-4
  53. Balanced diets are important, food preferences may change _
    seasonally
  54. Seeds (crushed with mandibles - extract oil) and grease



    C) lipids/oils
  55. live and dead insects, meat



    B) protein
  56. Ant behavior and interactions are guided by _
    pheromones
  57. Antagonism between _ colonies is common
    separate
  58. Factor contributing to ant infestations

    1) _
    2) Food
    3) Habitat
    Moisture
  59. Factor contributing to ant infestations

    1) Moisture
    2) _
    3) Habitat
    Food
  60. Factor contributing to ant infestations

    1) Moisture
    2) Food
    3) _
    Habitat
  61. Carpenter = 1 or 2 node
    1 node
  62. Odorouse House = 1 or 2 node
    1 node
  63. Argentine = 1 or 2 node
    1 node
  64. Argentine = 1 or 2 node
    1 node
  65. Ghost = = 1 or 2 node
    1 node
  66. White-Footed = 1 or 2 node
    1 node
  67. Field = 1 or 2 node
    1 node
  68. Red Imported = 1 or 2 node
    2 node
  69. Pavement = 1 or 2 node
    2 node
  70. Pharaoh = 1 or 2 node
    2 node
  71. Little Black = 1 or 2 node
    2 node
  72. Acrobat = 1 or 2 node
    2 node
  73. Big-Headed = 1 or 2 node
    2 node
  74. Harvester = 1 or 2 node
    2 node
  75. CARPENTER ANT   sub-family?




    B) Formicinae
  76. Genus = Camponotus.... species?

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  77. C. pennsylvanicus, C. nearticus, C. floridamus, C. modoc

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  78. Black carpenter ant

    C. pennsylvanicus, C. nearticus, C. floridamus, C. modoc
    C. pennsylvanicus
  79. Florida carpenter ant

    C. pennsylvanicus, C. nearticus, C. floridamus, C. modoc
    C. floridamus
  80. Western black carpenter ant

    C. pennsylvanicus, C. nearticus, C. floridamus, C. modoc
    C. modoc
  81. Major destroyer of wood, especially in Northern and Western US

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  82. CARPENTER ANT - REPRODUCTIVE

    monogyne or polygyne or both?
    both
  83. CARPENTER ANT - NESTING

    monodomous or polydomous or both
    both
  84. CARPENTER ANT

    swarm or bud
    swarm
  85. CARPENTER ANT - WORKER TYPE

    monomorphic or dimorphic or polymorphic
    polymorphic
  86. Red or black body. 12 segments, no club. 1 prominent triangular node. Circle of hairs. Thorax with evenly rounded profile. 1/4 to 5/8 inch long.

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  87. 1 prominent triangular node.

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  88. Image Upload 1


    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    carpenter ant
  89. Image Upload 2

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Florida carpenter ant
  90. Nests in moist wood. Landscape timbers, logs, roof trim, rafters, window/door frames. Sometimes uses old termite habitat. Hollows out galleries in wood. Creates wood shavings - but not consumed.

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  91. Prefers sweets, live/dead insects. Honeydew, plant sap, "bone piles" outside galleries.

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  92. Night time foragers. Not strong trailer followers

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Carpenter
  93. ODOROUS HOUSE ANT - SUB FAMILY




    A) Dolichoderinae
  94. Tapinoma sessile

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Odorous House
  95. ODOROUS HOUSE ANT   reproductive



    A) polygyne
  96. ODOROUS HOUSE ANT   nesting



    B) polydomous
  97. ODOROUS HOUSE ANT  



    B) both
  98. ODOROUS HOUSE ANT  worker type



    C) monomorphic
  99. ODOROUS HOUSE ANT   colony size

    # to 500K
    100K
  100. ODOROUS HOUSE ANT   colony size

    100K to #
    500K
  101. 12 segments, no club, brown to black body, 1 hidden flatted node, No circle of hairs, 4 segments on gaster, 1/8 inch long.

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Odorous House
  102. Coconut odor when crushed

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Odorous House
  103. Image Upload 3

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, FielD
    Odorous House
  104. Construct shallow nests in soil under debris. Wood piles, under bricks, cardboard, around trees. Nest outdoors, but can potentially move nest inside. Plumbing traps, structural voids. Large colonies with multiple nests. May move often/abandon nests in winter.

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Odorous House
  105. Prefers sweets and people food. Honeydew, live/dead insects. Day/night active. Strong/numerous trail followers. Good candidate for pre baiting. Bait all foraging trails. Workers don't get around.

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Odorous House
  106. ARGENTINE ANT   subfamily




    D) Dolichoderinae
  107. Linepthema humile

    Carpenter, Odorous House, Argentine, Crazy, Ghost, White-Footed, Field
    Argentine
  108. ARGENTINE ANT   reproductive

    monogyne
    polygyne
    both
    polygynous
  109. ARGENTINE ANT   nesting



    C) polydomous
  110. ARGENTINE ANT



    B) bud
  111. ARGENTINE ANT   worker type

    monomorphic
    dimorphic
    polymorphic
    monormorphic
  112. Super colony = potentially # of # queens
    tens of thousands of queens
  113. Super colony = approx #% queens
    10% queens
  114. SUPER COLONY

    hundreds to thousands of connected _ and _
    nests and trails
  115. SUPER COLONY

    extremely large _
    range
  116. SUPER COLONY

    friendly with colony mates up to # of miles away
    hundreds
  117. SUPER COLONY

    strong _ recognition
    pheromone
  118. Super colony species

    _ ANT
    ARGENTINE ANT
    BIG HEADED ANT
    WHITE FOOTED ANT
    ODOROUS HOUSE ANT
    PHAROAH ANT
    CRAZY
  119. Super colony species

    CRAZY ANT
    _ ANT
    BIG HEADED ANT
    WHITE FOOTED ANT
    ODOROUS HOUSE ANT
    PHAROAH ANT
    ARGENTINE
  120. Super colony species

    CRAZY ANT
    ARGENTINE ANT
    _ ANT
    WHITE FOOTED ANT
    ODOROUS HOUSE ANT
    PHAROAH ANT
    BIG HEADED
  121. Super colony species

    CRAZY ANT
    ARGENTINE ANT
    BIG HEADED ANT
    _ ANT
    ODOROUS HOUSE ANT
    PHAROAH ANT
    WHITE FOOTED
  122. Super colony species

    CRAZY ANT
    ARGENTINE ANT
    BIG HEADED ANT
    WHITE FOOTED ANT
    _ ANT
    PHAROAH ANT
    ODOROUS HOUSE
  123. Super colony species

    CRAZY ANT
    ARGENTINE ANT
    BIG HEADED ANT
    WHITE FOOTED ANT
    ODOROUS HOUSE ANT
    _ ANT
    PHAROAH
  124. Argentine ants are aggressively _ , especially against _ _ .
    • territorial
    • different colonies
  125. Black body, yellow mandibles, 12 segments/no club, triangular head/mule face, constriction at end of thorax, no circle of hairs, 1 node, 1/8 inch long

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    ARGENTINE
  126. Nests in dark protected places, usually under cover, sometimes nest in open (small piles of soil), shallow but deeper in dry soil, beneath rocks & concrete, base of trees in wall voids, insulation

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    ARGENTINE
  127. Seasonal dietary preferences, sweets preferred, honeydew & sweets, insects, oil, plants

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    ARGENTINE
  128. Strong trailer followers and foragers, deposit trail pheromones to and from food source

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    ARGENTINE
  129. CRAZY ANT   sub family




    B) Formicinae
  130. Genus = Paratrechina

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  131. Genus = Nylanderia

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  132. P. longicornus

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  133. N. pubens

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  134. CRAZY ANT   reproductive



    A) polygyne
  135. CRAZY ANT  nesting



    B) polydomous
  136. CRAZY ANT



    C) bud
  137. CRAZY ANT   worker type



    C) monomorphic
  138. CRAZY ANT  colony size

    # to super colony
    2000
  139. Reddish brown or black body (slender), stout pines on body, scape longer than head, 1/8 inch long, extremely long legs and antennae, acidopore present, 1 node

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  140. Nests in dry and wet/moist places, soil, under cover, trash, plants, rotten wood, structural voids

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  141. Omnivores preferring sweets and live insects, honeydew, fruits, meat, seeds, household items

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  142. Poor trail followers, erratic crazy running

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  143. Attracted fuel/electricity

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  144. GHOST ANT




    B) Dolichoderinae
  145. Tapinoma melanocephalum

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    GHOST
  146. GHOST ANT  reproductive



    C) polygyne
  147. GHOST ANT   nesting



    B) polydomous
  148. GHOST ANT



    C) budding
  149. GHOST ANT    worker type



    C) monomorphic
  150. GHOST ANT

    colony size = # to 1000
    100 to 1000
  151. GHOST ANT

    colony size = 100 to 1000
    100 to 1000
  152. Darkened head/thorax, 12 segments/no club, 1 hidden node, no circle of hairs, translucent abdomen antennae, 1/32 inch to 1/16 inch long

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    GHOST
  153. Image Upload 4

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    GHOST
  154. Image Upload 5

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    CRAZY
  155. Image Upload 6

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    ARGENTINE
  156. Nests inside and out. Outdoors - moist wood, soil, under bark, leaf litter, plant cavities (nest near foundations, porches, vegetation)

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    GHOST
  157. Nests inside and out. Indoors - potted plants, between cabinets & baseboards, curtain rods don't need much space)

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    GHOST
  158. Prefers sweets, live and dead insects. Tend aphids, feed on grease, mites, sugars.

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    GHOST
  159. Strong trail followers. Kitchen is usually center of activity indoors.

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    GHOST
  160. WHITE FOOTED ANT   sub family




    C) Dolichoderinae
  161. Technomyrmex difficilis

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  162. WHITE FOOTED ANT  reproductive



    C) polygyne
  163. WHITE FOOTED ANT   nesting



    C) polydomous
  164. WHITE FOOTED ANT



    A) both
  165. WHITE FOOTED ANT   worker type



    B) monomorphic
  166. WHITE FOOTED ANT

    up to several _
    million
  167. Dark to usually black body. 1 node, flattened and hidden. No circle hairs at tip of abdomen. Pale yellow tarsi. Uneven thorax. 5 segments on gaster. 1/8 inch long


    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  168. Nests may be arboreal or on ground. Typically outdoors: under bark, at base of trees, in soil. Tile roofs, swingsets, under stones.


    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  169. Decentralized nests


    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  170. Prefers sweets and will eat dead insects. Tends homopterans (aphids and scales)


    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  171. Queens look like workers. 1/3 of colony can produce eggs.


    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  172. Image Upload 7

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  173. Image Upload 8

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    WHITE FOOTED
  174. FIELD ANT   sub family




    B) Formicinae
  175. 100 species distributed throughout USA

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    FIELD
  176. Formica spp

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    FIELD
  177. FIELD ANT   reproductive



    A) monogyne
  178. FIELD ANT   nesting



    B) monodomous
  179. FIELD ANT



    B) swarm
  180. FIELD ANT   worker type

    monomorphic
    polymorphic
    both
    monomorphi
  181. FIELD ANT   colony size

    _ to _
    small to medium
  182. Uniform or bicolored bodies, black/brown/yellow/red). 12 segments, no club antennae. Uneven notched thorax in profile. 1 distinct node. Circle of hairs. 1/6 inch to 1/3 inch long.

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    FIELD
  183. Image Upload 9


    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    FIELD ANT
  184. Nests in soil and decaying wood. Open environments preferred, forests okay. Nests may be built with twigs, leaves, and plant matter. Thatching or mound ants - up to 1 foot diameter. May be unsightly to homeowners. Do not nest indoors.

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    FIELD
  185. FIELD ANT   feeding preference

    sweet
    protein/insects
    oil/lipid
    • swet
    • protein/insects
  186. Can bite and spray formic acid

    CARPENTER, ODOROUS, ARGENTINE, CRAZY, GHOST, WHITE FOOTED, FIELD
    FIELD
  187. RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT   sub family




    C) Myrmicinae
  188. RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT  reproductive



    B) both
  189. RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT   nesting



    C) both
  190. RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT



    B) both
  191. RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT   worker type



    B) polymorphic
  192. RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT

    colony size up to #
    500,000
  193. Shiny red head/thorax. Brown gaster. 2 nodes. 3 clypeal teeth. 1/8 to 1/4 inch long. Thorax with evenly rounded profile. Two segmented club, out of 10 segments. Circle of hairs on tip of abdomen.

    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT
  194. Constructs large nests in sunny locations. Dome shaped dirt mounds. Brood brought up in the morning to warm up.

    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT
  195. RIFA    food preferences



    • B) oils/lipids
    • proteins
  196. Highly aggressive. Bite and hold intruder while stinging repeatedly. Inject painful alkaloid venom - causes pustules.

    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    RIFA
  197. Light to dark brown to black body. Spines on propodeum. Thorax with parallel grooves. Two nodes. 12 segments, 3 segmented club. 3/16 inch long.

    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    PAVEMENT
  198. Image Upload 10

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    RIFA
  199. Image Upload 11

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    RIFA
  200. Image Upload 12

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    PAVEMENT
  201. Image Upload 13

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    pavement
  202. Nests under sidewalks, foundations. Also in soil, under rocks, in decaying wood, masonry. Will move inside in winter to escape cold. Nest at ground level, climb pipes. Near heat source.

    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    PAVEMENT
  203. PAVEMENT   food preference



    • C) sweets
    • oils
  204. PHAROAH   sub family




    A) Formicinae
  205. Monomorium pharoanis

    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    PAVEMENT
  206. Tramp ant

    RED IMPORTED FIRE ANT, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    PAVEMENT
  207. PHAROAH    reproductive



    B) polygyne
  208. PHAROAH   nesting



    B) polydomous
  209. PAVEMENT



    B) bud
  210. PAVEMENT   worker type



    C) monomorphic
  211. PHAROAH

    colony size = potentially _
    massive
  212. Image Upload 14


    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    pharoah
  213. Yellow light brown red body. Darkened shiny gaster. 3 segmented club, 1 total. 2 nodes. 1/16 inch to 1/8 inch long.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    PHAROAH
  214. Nests in buildings. Structural voids, wall, above ceiling, below floor, in foundation, behind baseboards, windowsills.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    PHAROAH
  215. PHAROAH   food preference

    sweets
    lipids
    proteins
    anything
  216. Strong foragers and trail followers. Often seen in kitchen and bathroom, sugar/urine ant. Active day and night.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    pharoah
  217. LITTLE BLACK ANT   sub family




    B) Myrmicinae
  218. Monomorium minimum
    little black
  219. LITTLE BLACK ANT   reproductive



    A) polygyne
  220. LITTLE BLACK ANT   nesting



    A) polydomous
  221. LITTLE BLACK ANT



    B) both
  222. LITTLE BLACK ANT  worker type



    B) monomorphic
  223. LITTLE BLACK

    colony size
    potentially huge
  224. Shiny dark brown to black body. Two prominent nodes. 12 segmented antennae with 3 segmented club.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    LITTLE BLACK
  225. Outdoors nests near moist wood, bricks. Indoors nests in wall voids, behind facades, foundations.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    LITTLE BLACK
  226. Omnivorous, will eat anything.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    LITTLE BLACK
  227. Ants inside often traced to outdoor nesting location. May kill off small RIFA colonies.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    LITTLE BLACK
  228. Image Upload 15

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    little black
  229. ACROBAT ANT   sub famiy




    B) myrmicinae
  230. Crematogaster spp.
    acrobat
  231. ACROBAT ANT   reproductive



    C) monogyne
  232. ACROBAT ANT   nesting



    B) monodomous
  233. ACROBAT ANT



    A) swarm
  234. ACROBAT ANT   worker type



    A) monomorphic
  235. ACROBAT ANT    colony size

    up to _
    tens of thousands
  236. Image Upload 16

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    acrobat
  237. Pedicel attaches to top of abdomen. Heart shaped gaster. 2 nodes. Pair of spines on thorax. 1/8 inch to 1/4 inch long.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    ACROBAT
  238. Nests in dead wood (may toss out woodchips). Hollow plant stems, stumps, soffits, exposed soil, behind facades, wall finishes, foam core panel insulation. Can nest aerially.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    acrobat
  239. Prefers sweets and proteins. Tend honeydew, producers, insects. Bone piles outside galleries.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    acrobat
  240. Hold gaster over head when disturbed. Pair of thoracic spines holds it in place. Emits foul smelling liquid.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    acrobat
  241. Image Upload 17

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    big headed
  242. BIG HEADED ANT   sub family




    C) formicinae
  243. BIG HEADED   reproductive



    A) both
  244. BIG HEADED ANT   nesting



    A) both
  245. BIG HEADED ANT 



    B) both
  246. BIG HEADED ANT  worker type



    A) dimorphic
  247. BIG HEADED ANT   colony size

    _ to _
    small to massive
  248. Soldiers (major workers) have HUGE HEADS. Indentation on front of head. 2 nodes. Light brown to reddish brown to dark brown. One pair of spines on propodeum. 1/8 inch long.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    big headed
  249. Nests under cover and in rotting wood. Lawns, around buildings, roadsides, sidewalks. Exterior nesting only. Construct/take over mud tubes.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    big headed
  250. Prefers protein and sweets. Honeydew, insects, meat, bread, grease.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    big headed
  251. Some species transmit fowl tapeworm.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    big headed
  252. 20-30 minor workers per soldier.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    big headed
  253. Image Upload 18


    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    harvester
  254. HARVESTER ANT   sub family




    D) myrmicinae
  255. Pogonomyrmex spp.


    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    HARVESTERS
  256. HARVESTER ANT   reproductive



    B) monogyne
  257. HARVESTER ANT   nesting



    C) monodomous
  258. HARVESTER ANT  



    A) swarm
  259. HARVESTER ANT   worker type



    C) monomorphic or dimorphic by spp
  260. HARVESTER ANT   colony size

    up to _
    10,000
  261. Long hairs under head (beard). 2 nodes. Red to brown to black body (red ants). Stinger present. 1/5 to 1/2 inch long.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    harvester
  262. Nests in exposed sandy soil and lawns. Large mounds with many entrances. Kept closed at night and during cold months. May contribute to erosion.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    harvester
  263. Prefers seeds above all else. Beard carries seeds and soil.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    harvester
  264. Painful stings. Stinger left in victim. May seriously harm animals.

    RIFA, PAVEMENT, PHAROAH, LITTLE BLACK, ACROBAT, BIG HEADED, HARVESTER
    harvester
  265. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    Nodes (number and _ )
    shape
  266. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    Nodes (_ and shape)
    number
  267. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    Nodes = _ or _ ?
    one or two
  268. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    Nodes = _ , visible , or hidden from above
    shape
  269. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    Nodes = shape , _ , or hidden from above
    visible
  270. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    Nodes = shape , visible , or _
    hidden from above
  271. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    _ attributes
    antennal
  272. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    antennale attributes = # of _
    segments
  273. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    antennal attributes = presence/absence of _
    club
  274. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    anteannal attributes =
    length of _
    scape
  275. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    shape of _
    thorax
  276. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    _ of thorax
  277. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    _ length and color
    body
  278. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    body length and _
    color
  279. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    _ = can be misleading
    color
  280. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    presence/absence of circle of hairs around _
    abdomen
  281. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    presence/absence of _ around abodmen
    circle of hairs
  282. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    _ of circle of hairs around abdomen
    presence/absence
  283. IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTS

    presence/absence of _
    stinger
Author
ianquinto
ID
346889
Card Set
NPMA ACE ANTS 02
Description
NPMA ACE ANTS 02
Updated