Lab Values and Insulin Onset/Peak/Duration

  1. What is the serum blood range for Sodium?
    136-145 mEq/L
  2. What is the serum blood range for Potassium?
    3.5-5.1 mEq/L
  3. What is the serum blood range for Chloride?
    98-107 mEq/L
  4. What is the serum blood range for Bicarbonate?
    21-30 mEq/L
  5. What is the serum blood range for Calcium?
    9.0-10.5 mg/dL
  6. What is the serum blood range for Magnesium?
    1.8-3.0 mEq/L
  7. What is the serum blood range for Phosphate?
    3.0-4.5 mg/dL
  8. What is the RBC range for men?
    4.5-5.3 million (or 10^6)/mm^3
  9. What is the RBC range for women?
    4.1-5.1 million (or 10^6)/mm^3
  10. What is the HGB range for men?
    13.0-18.0 g/100 mL
  11. What is the HGB range for women?
    12-16 g/100 mL
  12. What is the HCT range for men?
    37-49%
  13. What is the HCT range for women?
    36-46%
  14. What is the normal platelet range?
    150-450
  15. What is the normal WBC range?
    4500-11,000
  16. What is the normal Bands range?
    • Bands or stabs (immature neutrophils)
    • 0-5%
  17. What is the normal Neutrophil range?
    • Segmented neutrophils (polys/PMNs)
    • 45-75%
  18. What is the normal Lymphocyte range?
    16-46%
  19. What is the normal Monocyte range?
    4-11%
  20. What is the normal Eosinophil range?
    0-8%
  21. What is the normal Basophil range?
    0-3%
  22. What is the normal serum Albumin range?
    3.1-4.3 g/dL
  23. What is the normal serum CD4 range?
    • 447-1750 cells/muL
    • Average is 1098 cells/muL
  24. What is the specific gravity range for urine?
    1.015-1.025
  25. What is the normal BUN range?
    • Blood urea nitrogen or serum urea nitrogen
    • 8-25 mg/dL
  26. What is the normal serum Creatinine level?
    • 0.6-1.5 mg/dL for men
    • 0.6-1.1 mg/dL for women
  27. What is the reference value for estimated GFR?
    >60 mL/min
  28. What is the ABG range for pH?
    7.35-7.45
  29. What is the ABG range for PaO2?
    80-100 mmHg
  30. What is the ABG range for PaCO2?
    35-45 mmHg
  31. What is the ABG range for HCO3-?
    21-28 mmol/L
  32. What is the range for venous lactate?
    • Lactic acid or blood lactate
    • 1.5-2.2 mEq/L
  33. What is the reference value for HGB A1C?
    • 4-5.6% for people without diabetes
    • <7% is optimal for people with diabetes
  34. What is the reference value for serum cholesterol?
    <200 mg/dL
  35. What is the reference value for serum triglycerides?
    <150 mg/dL
  36. What is the reference value for serum HDL?
    • (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol)
    • <40 is considered a positive risk factor for CHD
    • >60 is considered a negative risk factor for CHD
  37. What is the reference value for serum LDL?
    • (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol)
    • <100 mg/dL
  38. What is the therapeutic range for serum Lithum levels?
    0.5-1.5 mEq/dL
  39. What is the therapeutic range for serum Digoxin levels?
    0.8-1.5 ng/mL
  40. What is the onset, peak, and duration of Rapid acting insulins? Give examples of Rapid acting insulins.
    • Onset: 10-30 min
    • Peak: 30 min-3 hr
    • Duration: 3-5 hr
    • lispro (Humalog)
    • aspart (NovoLog)
    • glulisine (Apidra)
  41. What is the onset, peak, and duration of Short acting insulins? Give examples of Short acting insulins.
    • Onset: 30 min-1 hr
    • Peak: 2-5 hr
    • Duration: 5-8 hr
    • Regular (Humulin R, Novolin R)
  42. What is the onset, peak, and duration of Intermediate acting insulins? Give examples of Intermediate acting insulins.
    • Onset: 1.5-4 hr
    • Peak: 4-12 hr
    • Duration: 12-18 hr
    • NPH (Humulin N, Novolin N)
  43. What is the onset, peak, and duration of Long acting insulins? Give examples of Long acting insulins.
    • Onset: 0.8-4 hr
    • Peak: no pronounced peak
    • Duration: 16-24 hr
    • glargine (Lantus)
    • detemir (Levemir)
    • degludec (Tresiba)
  44. What is the onset, peak, and duration of Inhaled insulin? Give an example of Inhaled insulin.
    • Onset: 12-15 min
    • Peak: 60 min
    • Duration: 2.5-3 hr
    • Afrezza
Author
Pandora320
ID
346884
Card Set
Lab Values and Insulin Onset/Peak/Duration
Description
Lab values and insulin onset, peak, duration times. Lab values are from Corbett 8th Edition Insulin times are from Lewis 10th Edition
Updated