abnormal Psychology chapter 17

  1. Why do adolescents experience conflict with their parents, according to Horney?
    Because people have competing needs to move toward, to move away from, and to move against others. There is conflict between these basic needs. Young adults want their parents' support, but want their own independence, and also may want to outdo their parents.
  2. What makes adjustment disorder different from acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder?
    It can be a reaction to a stressor of any severity, not just traumatic stress. It also has no clear symptom pattern.
  3. What is another term for the developmental course of family relationships?
    The family life cycle
  4. What is meant by a social clock?
    age related goals for ourselves and we evaluate our achievements to the extent that we are "on time" or "off time."
  5. How effective is CBT?
    Research shows it leads to significant improvements. But still approximately half of the couples do not improve significantly. Relapse is common.
  6. What are limitations in using a heritability ratio?
    Any estimate of heritability applies only to a particular sample; the one, true heritability has not been discovered. 

    Genes and environments work together, not separately.
  7. How does Erikson describe the period of moratorium?
    As a psychosocial moratorium during which the individual through free role experimentation may find a niche in some section of his society, a niche which is firmly defined and yet seems to be uniquely made or him. In finding it the young adult gains an assured sense of inner continuity and social sameness which will bridge  what he was as a child and what he is about to become, and will reconcile his conception of himself and his community's recognition of him.
  8. What is a genetic factor that might have influenced monozygotic twins to both divorce?
    Genes affecting physical attractiveness and the age  at menarche.
  9. How can emotional states of adolescents be described when compared to adults?
    More intense, short lived, and more subject to change.
  10. What is the percentage of older Americans living in poverty?
    It is higher among older Americans than younger age groups except children and the percentage increases with advancing age.
  11. How do many feel the overriding goal of gerontology should be presented?
    To promote healthy and active lifestyles  among older adults, because in industrialized societies, current life expectancies probably are very close to the biological limits of the human species.
  12. What are the concordance rates for divorce, according to McGue and Lykken?
    .525
  13. What is the most frequently listed reason for making a positive contribution to their quality of lives among men over 70?
    Fuck if I know
  14. How do couples tend to blame marital disputes?
    Depression, neglectful parenting, children...something other than themselves.
  15. What does not change the fact that mental disorders are influenced by genes, but can help us to think more broadly, creatively and accurately about possible genetic mechanisms?
    Critical thinking about genes
  16. What did Erikson view the primary life task of young adulthood to be a struggle between?
    To integrate their experiences, goals, and values into a global sense of self. Then the identity crisis, a normal period of basic uncertainty about self, provides a comprehensive answer to the question, "Who am ?"
  17. What percent of births in the US were to unmarried women, in 2007?
    40%
  18. What is another term for a social exchange of cooperation and conflict?
    reciprocity
  19. What is the major challenge of adolescence, according to Erikson?
    identity vs. role confusion
  20. Where would you look in the DSM for “partner relational problem”?
    It's in the DSM-5 as "partner relational problems," but it diagnosis the individual and not the relationship.
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Bubbles83
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abnormal Psychology chapter 17
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Chapter 17
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