Abnormal Psychology Chapter 11

  1. Estimated heritability of alcohol-related problems
    lifetime prevalence is 30 percent ? 

    google says 30-36%
  2. If someone seems to be hallucinating and delusions of persecution, what else could be happening besides mental disorder or hallucinogenic drugs?
    Maybe withdrawal ?
  3. Behaviors tied to MDMA use?
    Within a half hour, there's enhanced mood state, feeling of well being that lasts several hours. changes in perceptual experiences, such as distortions of time and space, and increased sensory awareness. "club drug"
  4. What depressants are used to relieve anxiety?
    Sedatives and anxiolytics- barbiturates and benzodiazepines
  5. Lifetime prevalence of alcoholism in families of alcoholics, as compared to the general population
    3 to 5 times higher than the general population
  6. What do nearly all cases of alcoholism involve?
    impaired control over use of alcohol and unsuccessful attempts at quitting.
  7. Why are cocaine and amphetamines called stimulants
    They stimulate the actions of certain neurotransmitters- epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin.
  8. When neurons adapt to drugs by reducing the number of receptors or by reducing their sensitivity, what type of regulation is this?
    Down Regulation
  9. What did Ernest Hemingway suffer from?
    Alcohol use disorder
  10. Looking at adoption studies, what is a conclusion about alcohol use disorders and genetics?
    It points towards the influence of genetic factors in the etiology of alcohol use disorder. The offspring of alcoholic parents who are reared by non alcoholic adoptive patrons are more likely than people in the general population to develop drinking problems of their own. Thus, the familial nature of alcoholism is at least partially determined by genes.
  11. Why is it hard to explain the link between prolonged use of amphetamines and an increase in violent behavior?
    Because it's not clear if it's the drug itself or if it's the lifestyle caused by the drug.
  12. What is the most active ingredient in marijuana?
    Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol - THC
  13. What do researchers have to do to employ the high-risk research design in a longitudinal study of adolescent alcohol use?
    The investigator must collect information about each person before the onset of the disorder. They can determine whether the risk factor is present before or after the onset of symptoms. They follow their participants over time, beginning before the onset, then identify factors that increase or decrease the probability that people who are vulnerable to a disorder will eventually develop symptoms.
  14. What is the first step in an AA program
    They must acknowledge they are powerless their own drinking.
  15. Which drug is most likely to cause a powerful pleasure experience
  16. Compare the rate of alcohol problems in men and women
    60 percent of women drink occasionally but fewer develop drinking problems. 

    Men have a 2/1 ratio of developing alcoholism.
  17. What did the research looking at a placebo study and the effects of alcohol on aggression tell us about alcohol
  18. Why is treatment of substance use disorders difficult
    because the person with the disorder has a difficult time acknowledging they have a problem s other don't seek help. Compliance is low and many drop out of treatment. Also the comorbidity rate is high.
  19. What is a the drug in a mushroom that causes strange sensations and hallucinations
  20. What happens when someone takes Anatbuse and a shot of whiskey
    Nausea, vomiting, sweating, increased heart rate and respiration rate.
  21. What is it called when someone has an abrupt return of original anxiety after stopping benzodiazepines
    discontinuance syndrome
  22. Why did the remove the distinction between substance abuse and substance dependence in DSM
    Because there is research evidence showing that dependence and abuse are not clearly distinct.
  23. What use was responsible for 5 percent of total burden of disease and disability in 2004 according to the WHO
    Alcohol use
Card Set
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 11
Chapter 11 - addictive disorders