Art History Fourth Quiz

  1. Art Deco
    Descended from Art Nouveau, this movement of the 1920s and 1930s sought to upgrade industrial design as a "fine art" and to work new materials into decorative patterns that could be either machined or handcrafted.
  2. Art Nouveau
    French, "new art."
  3. Avant-Garde
    French, "advance guard" (in a platoon).
  4. Bauhaus
    A school of architecture in Germany in the 1920s under the aegis of Walter Gropius, who emphasized the unity of art, architecture, and design.
  5. Calotype
    From the Greek kalos, "beautiful."
  6. Cubism
    An early-20th-century art movement that rejected naturalistic depictions, preferring compositions of shapes and forms abstracted from the conventionally perceived world.
  7. Dada
    An early-20th-century art movement prompted by a revulsion against the horror of World War I.
  8. Daguerreotype
    A photograph made by an early method on a plate of chemically treated metal.
  9. De Stijl
    Dutch, "the style."
  10. Expressionism
    Twentieth-century art that is the result of the artist's unique inner or personal vision and that often has an emotional dimension.
  11. Fauvism
    An early-20th-century art movement led by Henri Matisse.
  12. Fête Galante
    French, "amorous festival."
  13. Fin-De-Siècle
    French, "end of the century."
  14. Futurism
    An early-20th-century Italian art movement that championed war as a cleansing agent and that celebrated the speed and dynamism of modern technology.
  15. Gopuras
    The massive, ornamented entrance gateway towers of southern Indian temple compounds.
  16. Impressionism
    A late-19th-century art movement that sought to capture a fleeting moment, thereby conveying the elusiveness and impermanence of images and conditions.
  17. International Style
    A style of 20th-century architecture associated with Le Corbusier, whose elegance of design came to influence the look of modern office buildings and skyscrapers.
  18. Lithography
    A printmaking technique in which the artist uses an oil-based crayon to draw directly on a stone plate and then wipes water onto the stone.
  19. Manet
    French Realist painter.
  20. Mbulu Ngulu
    The wood-and-metal reliquary guardian figures of the Kota of Gabon.
  21. Mobile
    A kind of sculpture, invented by Alexander Calder, combining nonobjective organic forms and motion in balanced structures hanging from rods, wires, and colored, organically shaped plates.
  22. Modernism
    A movement in Western art that developed in the second half of the 19th century and sought to capture the images and sensibilities of the age.
  23. Mondrian
    Cofounder of De Stijl.
  24. Monet
    Painter of Impression: Sunrise.
  25. Neoclassicism
    A style of art and architecture that emerged in the late 18th century as part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures.
  26. Odalisque
    A woman in a Turkish harem.
  27. Plein Air
    French, "outdoors."
  28. Pointillism
    A system of painting devised by the 19th-century French painter Georges Seurat.
  29. Poussiniste
    A member of the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture during the early 18th century who followed Nicholas Poussin in insisting that form was the most important element of painting.
  30. Post-Impressionism
    The term used to describe the stylistically heterogeneous work of the group of late-19th-century painters in France, including van Gogh, Gauguin, Seurat, and Cézanne, who more systematically examined the properties and expressive qualities of line, pattern, form, and color than the Impressionists did.
  31. Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
    Founder was John Everett Millais.
  32. Realism
    A movement that emerged in mid-19th-century France.
  33. Regionalism
    A 20th-century American art movement that portrayed American rural life in a clearly readable, Realist style.
  34. Rococo
    A style, primarily of interior design, that appeared in France around 1700.
  35. Romanticism
    A Western cultural phenomenon, beginning around 1750 and ending about 1850, that gave precedence to feeling and imagination over reason and thought.
  36. Rubéniste
    A member of the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture during the early 18th century who followed Peter Paul Rubens in insisting that color was the most important element of painting.
  37. Suprematism
    A type of art formulated by Kazimir Malevich to convey his belief that the supreme reality in the world is pure feeling, which attaches to no object and thus calls for new, nonobjective forms in art-shapes not related to objects in the visible world.
  38. Surrealism
    A successor to Dada, Surrealism incorporated the improvisational nature of its predecessor into its exploration of the ways to express in art the world of dreams and the unconscious.
  39. Symbolism
    A late-19th-century movement based on the idea that the artist was not an imitator of nature but a creator who transformed the facts of nature into a symbol of the inner experience of that fact.
  40. Ukiyo-e

    Japanese, "pictures of the floating world."
Card Set
Art History Fourth Quiz
Art History 101 Palomar College Quiz Four