intro to sonography and patient care chapter 1 vocab

  1. acoustic windows ( sonographic window)
    the optimal location on the body for placement of the ultrasound transducer to demonstrate both normal anatomy and pathology. 

    the best image acquired by manipulating and placing the ultrasound transducer in the most favorable position
  2. American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography
    an organization that offers national certification exams for all sonography specialties
  3. American Registry of Radiologic Technologist
    an organization that offers national certification exams for radiographers and some sonography specialties
  4. anxiety
    the general state of feeling worry and fear before confronting something emotionally or physically challenging
  5. arthrography
    an x-ray procedure that utilizes contrast agent to examine a joint, such as the shoulder , knee, or hip
  6. assumptions
    reasoning based on guesses or opinion
  7. audible sound
    sound range that can be detected by the human ear

    between 2 and 20,000 Hz
  8. brain dumping
    a test preparation technique in which a large amount of information is memorized by a test taker and when the test commences the test taker "dumps" the information on a scrap piece of paper or the test
  9. cardiolite
    a pharmaceutical agent used in nuclear medicine imaging to examine the blood flow of the heart
  10. cardiologist
    a physician who diagnoses and treats cardiac and blood vessels disorders
  11. cardiovascular interventional technologist
    a specialized radiographer that assists physicians in the treatment and diagnosis of cardiac and blood vessel disorders under fluoroscopy
  12. clinical competencis
    unassisted sonographic examinations which are graded to determine fundamental proficiency
  13. clinical findings
    the information gathered by obtaining a clinical history
  14. clinical history
    includes signs and symptoms , pertinent illnesses , past surgeries, laboratory findings , and the results of other diagnostic testing of a patient
  15. clinical journal
    a book used by students for personal and professional reflection
  16. computed tomography CT or CAT scan
    an imaging modality that uses x-ray to obtain cross-sectional images of the body in multiple planes, also referred to as CT or CAT scan
  17. contrast agent
    a substance that is either ingested or injected into the body to enhance the visualization of specific anatomy, disease contrast agents may also be used to treat disease also referred to as a contrast medium
  18. coupling gel
    a medium placed on the skin to allow ultrasound waves to enter the body also referred to as ultrasound gel
  19. critical thinking skills
    resourceful actions, judgments, and decisions based on the combination of professional knowledge, experience, integrity and ethical standards
  20. cross-training
    when radiographers or other imaging specialists are training to perform another imaging modality in the clinical setting without specific classroom training
  21. CT technologist
    typically a registered radiographer who has undergone specific classroom and clinical training to perform computed tomography examinations
  22. Diagnostic mammogram
    a targeted mammogram, typically performed after a screening mammogram to further analyze the characteristics of a breast lesion
  23. diagnostician
    an interpreting physician who provides a diagnosis
  24. differential diagnosis
    a diagnostic method used to create a short list of possible diseases based on signs and symptoms
  25. fight-or-flight response
    the body's physiologic reaction to a real or imagined threat that arises from situations that cause fear or anger
  26. fluoroscopy
    an x-ray procedure that allows direct or real time imaging of structures within the body
  27. Gadolinium
    a contrast agent used in MRI
  28. gold standard
    the leading tool to diagnose certain diseases; for example , mammography is a gold standard for breast imaging and sonography is the gold standard for gallbladder disease
  29. heart catheterization
    a fluoroscopic procedure that involves the passing of catheter into the right or left side of the heart typically from the groin or arm in order to evaluate and treat disorders related to the blood flow of the heart
  30. Hippocratic Oath
    a pledge observed by physicians and occasionally other healthcare professionals containing some basic guidelines for ethical standards and conduct between the healthcare provider and the patient
  31. indication
    a basis for an examination; a valid reason to perform a certain test
  32. inference
    reasoning that is based on gained factual knowledge using critical thinking
  33. infrasound
    the sound range below the normal hearing range of humans 

    less than 2 Hz
  34. International Classification of Disease, Ninth Edition ( ICD9) code
    a healthcare classification system that provides a system of diagnostic codes for classifying disease
  35. interventional radiology
    a branch of radiology that uses various imaging modalities to treat or further characterize disease by means of biopsy or minimally invasive procedures
  36. invasive procedures
    procedures that include an imaging modality to treat disease; typically involves the use of catheters, needles, and surgical asepsis techniques (sterile techniques )
  37. investigative imaging
    technique used by sonographers by which they obtain sonographic protocol images while simultaneously searching for and identifying abnormalities
  38. Magnetic resonance angiogram
    MRI technique used to visualize blood vessels
  39. Magnetic resonance imaging
    imaging modality that utilizes magnetic waves to obtain images of the human body in various planes
  40. mammography
    breast imaging technique that utilize x-rays
  41. maternal-fetal medicine specialist
    a physician who has specialized training that focuses on the medial and surgical management of high-risk pregnancies
  42. megahertz
    1 million hertz
  43. mnemonics
    memorization technique; an acronym is an example of an mnemonic an abbreviation is formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word in order to aid in quick recall
  44. MRI technologist
    imaging specialist trained in magnetic resonance imaging procedures
  45. myelography
    an x-ray procedure that utilizes a contrast agent to identify abnormalities of the spinal cord
  46. nuclear medicine
    imaging modality that employs the use of radioactive material for the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases
  47. nuclear medicine technologist
    imaging specialist trained in nuclear medicine procedures
  48. nurse practitioner
    an advanced practice registered nurse who provides patient care and has the ability to order diagnostic tests under the supervision of a physician
  49. objective
    something that is not influenced by personal feeling or opinion in regard to facts
  50. obstetrician
    a physician trained in the care of pregnant patients
  51. pathology
    a disease process; also could be referring to the profession of pathology, which is the precise study and diagnosis of by a pathologist
  52. physician assistant
    a healthcare professional who practices medicine on a team under the supervision of a physician or surgeon and who has the ability to order diagnostic tests
  53. picture archiving and communication
    medical imaging technology that allows for the storage of digital studies for quick access and easy storage
  54. positron emission tomography
    a technique that utilizes both the radionuclide imaging principle of nuclear medicine and the imaging techniques of computed tomography
  55. protocol (sonographic)
    an inclusive order of necessary images acquired during a sonographic examination
  56. pulse-echo technique
    ultrasound waves are pulsed into the body by a transducer; the sonographic image is produced when the pulsed wave returns to the transducer
  57. radiograph
    an x-ray image
  58. radiographer
    an imaging professional trained to obtain x-ray images and assist the radiologist in x-ray procedures
  59. radiography
    the imaging specialty that utilizes x-rays to obtain images of the body
  60. radiologist
    a physician that interprets radiologic procedures and also uses imaging modalities to treat disease
  61. radiopharmaceutical
    a nuclear medicine radioactive material that the patient inhales, ingests or is injected with for a nuclear medicine test that is capable of concentrating on specific organs or systems in order to evaluate organ function
  62. realtime imaging
    instant viewing of internal structures
  63. scan (ultrasound)
    to perform a sonographic examination
  64. scan lab
    a practice room with ultrasound machines for students to use to gain scanning experience
  65. scintigraphy
    a test in nuclear medicine in which the radiopharmaceutical is taken internally and the emitted radiation is captured by a gamma camera
  66. screening mammogram
    the initial mammographic images of the breast
  67. signs
    objective evidence of disease: high blood pressure, high blood sugar, the presence of blood in the urine
  68. society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography
    the national membership society for all specialties in sonography; offers membership benefits and helps set standards for the sonography profession
  69. sonographer report
    typically a written or typed document that provides basic descriptive information of the sonographic examination, including measurements of normal and abnormal structures, the sonographic appearance of organs and structures, and the manifestation of any sonographically identifiable abnormalities noted during the examination
  70. sonographic findings
    information gathered by performing the sonographic examination
  71. Sonography phantom
    a simulation object that provides tissue similar to the human body that can be used to practice sonographic examination
  72. stress
    the body's typical reaction to challenging situations that are perceived as demands on time, energy, or resources with the threat that not enough time, energy, or resources exist to fulfill an obligation
  73. stressors
    individual events or perceived challenges placed upon time, energy, or resources that increase stress
  74. subjective
    something that is potentially influenced by personal feeling or opinion in regard to facts
  75. surgical asepsis
    the absence of viable pathogenic organisms; also referred to as sterile technique
  76. symptoms
    any subjective indication of disease, like nausea, weakness, or numbness
  77. transducer
    an instrument that emits ultrasound waves that is used by the sonographer to acquire sonographic images
  78. ultrasound
    the sound range above the normal hearing ranges of humans
  79. vascular interventional radiographers
    radiographers specialized in vascular intervention
  80. work ethic
    effort consisting of perseverance and diligence
  81. ALARA
    as low as reasonable achievable
  82. who created x-ray
    Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen November.8,1895 on his wife's hand
  83. infrasound
    less than 2 Hz
  84. audible sound
    between 2 and 20,000 Hz
  85. ultrasound
    greater than 20,000 Hz
  86. diagnostic ultrasound
    between 2 MHz and 15 MHz
Card Set
intro to sonography and patient care chapter 1 vocab
intro to sonography and patient care chapter 1 vocab