MSK

  1. Joint receptors : location, sensitivity and primary distribution of free nerve endings
    Location : joint capsule, ligaments, synovium, fat pads

    Sensitivity: one type sensitive to non-noxious mechanical stress; second type is sensitive to noxious mechanical or biochemical stimuli

    Primary distribution: all joints
  2. Joint receptors : location, sensitivity and primary distribution of Pacinian Corpuscules
    Location: fibrous layer of joint capsule

    Sensitivity: high frequency vibration, acceleration and high velocity changes in joint position

    Primary distribution: all joints
  3. Joint receptors : location, sensitivity and primary distribution of Golgi ligament endings
    Location:ligaments, adjacent to ligaments' bony attachment

    Sensitivity: tension or stretch on ligaments 

    Primary distribution: majority of joints
  4. Joint receptors : location, sensitivity and primary distribution of Ruffini endings
    Location: fibrous layer of joint capsule

    Sensitivity: stretching of joint capsule; amplitude and velocity of joint position

    Primary distribution: greater density in proximal joint, particularly in capsular regions
  5. Joint receptors : location, sensitivity and primary distribution of Golgi Mazzoni corpuscles
    Location: joint capsule

    Sensitivity: compression of joint capsule

    Primary distribution: knee joint, joint capsule
  6. What muscles depress the TMJ?
    • - Lateral pterygoid
    • - Suprahyoid
    • - Infrahyoid
  7. What muscles elevate the TMJ?
    • - Temporalis
    • - Masseter
    • - Medial pterygoid
  8. What muscles makes the protrusion of the TMJ?
    • - Masseter
    • - Lateral pterygoid
    • - Medial pterygoid
  9. What muscles makes the retrusion of the TMJ?
    • - Temporalis
    • - Masseter
    • - Digasrtic
  10. What muscles makes the TMJ move side-to-side?
    • Medial pterygoid
    • Lateral pterygoid
    • Messeter
    • Temporalis
  11. What muscles do the flexion of the cervical spine?
    • SCM
    • Longus colli
    • Scaleneus muscles
  12. What muscles do the extension of the cervical spine?
    • Splenius cervicis
    • Semispinalis cervicis
    • Iliocostalis cervicis
    • Longissimus cervicis
    • Multifidus
    • Trapezius
  13. What muscles do the rotation and lateral bending of the cervical spine?
    • SCM
    • Scalenus muscles
    • Splenius cervicis
    • Longissimus cervicis
    • Iliocostalis cervicis
    • Levator scapulae
    • Multifidus
  14. What muscles do the flexion of the thoracic/lumbar spine?
    • Rectus abdominis
    • Internal oblique
    • External oblique
  15. What muscles do the extension of the thoracic/lumbar spine?
    • Erector spinae
    • Quadratus lumborum
    • Multifidus
  16. What muscles do the rotation and lateral bending of the thoracic/lumbar spine?
    • Psoas major
    • Quadratus lumborum
    • External oblique
    • Internal oblique
    • Multifidus
    • Longissimus thoracis
    • Iliocostalis thoracis
    • Rotatores
  17. What muscles do the elevation of the scapula?
    • Upper trapezius
    • Levator scapulae
  18. What muscles do the depression of the scapula?
    • Lattissimus dorsi
    • Pectoralis major
    • Pectoralis minor
    • Lower trapezius
  19. What muscles do the protraction of the scapula?
    • Serratus anterior
    • Pectoralis minor
  20. What muscles do the retraction of the scapula?
    • Trapezius (middle)
    • Rhomboids
  21. What muscles do the upward rotation (ER) of the scapula?
    • Trapezius (upper, lower)
    • Serratus anterior
  22. What muscles do the downward rotation (IR) of the scapula?
    • Rhomboids
    • Levator scapulae
    • Pectoralis minor
  23. What muscles do the flexion of the shoulder?
    • Anterior deltoid
    • Coracobrachialis
    • Pectoralis major (clavicular head)
    • Biceps brachii
  24. What muscles do the extension of the shoulder?
    • Lattissimus dorsi
    • Posterior deltoid
    • Teres major
    • Triceps brachii (long head)
  25. What muscles do the ABD of the shoulder?
    • Middle deltoid
    • Supraspinatus
  26. What muscles do the ADD of the shoulder?
    • Pectoralis major
    • Lattissimus dorsi
    • Teres major
  27. What muscles do the horizontal ABD of the shoulder?
    • Deltoid (posterior)
    • Infraspinatus
    • Teres minor
  28. What muscles do the horizontal ADD of the shoulder?
    • Deltoid (anterior)
    • Pectoralis major
  29. What muscles do the lateral rotation of the shoulder?
    • Teres minor
    • Infraspinatus
    • Deltoid (posterior)
  30. What muscles do the medial rotation of the shoulder?
    • Subscapularis
    • Teres major
    • Pectoralis major
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Deltoide (anterior)
  31. What muscles do the flexion of the elbow?
    • Biceps brachii
    • Brachialis
    • Brachioradialis
  32. What muscles do the extension of the elbow?
    • Triceps brachii
    • Anconeus
  33. What muscles do the pronation (proximal)?
    • Pronator teres
    • Pronator quadratus
  34. What muscles do the supination (proximal)?
    • Biceps brachii
    • Supinator
  35. What muscles do the flexion of the wrist?
    • Flexor carpi radialis
    • Flexor carpi ulnaris
    • Palmaris longus
  36. What muscles do the extension of the wrist?
    • Extensor carpi radialis longus
    • Extensor carpi radialis brevis
    • Extensor carpi ulnaris
  37. What muscles do the radial deviation of the wrist?
    • Extensor carpi radialis longus & brevis
    • Flexor carpi radialis
    • Extensor pollicis longus & brevis
  38. What muscles do the ulnar deviation of the wrist?
    • Extensor carpi ulnaris
    • Flexor carpi ulnaris
  39. What muscles do the flexion of the finger joints?
    • Flexor digitorium profondus & superficiallis 
    • Flexor digiti minimi
    • Interossei
    • Lumbricals
  40. What muscles do the extension of the finger joints?
    • Extensor digitorium communis
    • Entensor indicis (2nd finger)
    • Extensor digiti minimi
  41. What muscles do the ABD of the MCP?
    • Dorsal interossei
    • ABD digiti minimi
  42. What muscles do the ADD of the MCP?
    Palmar interossei
  43. What muscles do the flexion of the thumb joint?
    • Flexor pollicis longus & brevis
    • Opponens pollicis
  44. What muscles do the extension of the thumb joint?
    • Extensor pollicis longus & brevis
    • ABD pollicis longus
  45. What muscles do the ABD of the thumb joint?
    Abductor pollicis longus & brevis
  46. What muscles do the ADD of the thumb joint?
    Adductor pollicis
  47. What muscles do the opposition of the thumb and 5th digit?
    • Opponens pollicis
    • Flexor pollicis brevis
    • ABD pollicis brevis
    • Opponens digiti minimi
  48. What muscles do the flexion of the hip joint?
    • iliopsoas
    • Sartorius
    • Rectus femoris
    • Pectineus
  49. What muscles do the extension of the hip joint?
    • Gluteus maximus & medius
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranosus
    • Biceps femoris
  50. What muscles do the ABD of the hip joint?
    • Gluteus medius & minimus
    • Piriformis
    • Obturator internus
    • TFL
  51. What muscles do the ADD of the hip joint?
    • Adductor magnus, longus, brevis
    • Gracilis
  52. What muscles do the medial rotation of the hip joint?
    • TFL
    • Gluteus medius & minimus
    • Pectineus
    • ADD longus
  53. What muscles do the lateral rotation of the hip joint?
    • Glutus maximus
    • Obturator internus & externus
    • Piriformis
    • Gemelli
    • Sartorius
  54. What muscles do the flexion of the knee joint?
    • Biceps femoris
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranosus
    • Sartorius
  55. What muscles do the extension of the knee joint?
    • Rectus femoris
    • Vastus lateralis, intermedius, medialis
  56. What muscles do the plantar flexion of the ankle joint?
    • Tibialis posterior
    • Gastrocnemius
    • Soleus
    • Peroneus longus & brevis
    • Plantaris
    • Flexors hallucis
  57. What muscles do the dorsiflexion of the ankle joint?
    • Tibialis anterior
    • Extensor hallucis longus 
    • Extensor digitorium longus 
    • Peroneus tertius
  58. What muscles do the inversion of the ankle joint?
    • Tibialis posterior
    • Tibialis anterior
    • Flexor digitorium longus
  59. What muscles do the eversion of the ankle joint?
    Peroneus longus, brevis, tertius
  60. What muscles do the flexion of the toe joints?
    • Flexor digitorium longus & brevis 
    • Flexor hallucis longus & brevis
    • Flexor digiti minimi brevis
    • Quadratus plantae
    • Lumbricals
  61. What muscles do the extension of the toe joints?
    • Extensor digitorium longus & brevis
    • Extensor hallucis longus & brevis
    • Lumbricals
  62. What muscles do the ABD of the toe joints?
    • Abductor hallucis
    • Abductoe digit minimi
    • Dorsal interossei
  63. What muscles do the ADD of the toe joints?
    • Adductor hallucis 
    • Plantar interossei
  64. Glenohumeral joint 
    Describe the osteokinematic motion, loose and closed pack position and capsular pattern
    Osteokinematic motion: flexion, extension, ABD, ADD, LR, MR

    Loose packed position: 55˚ ABD, 30˚ horizontal ADD

    Close packed position : ABD and LR

    Capsular pattern : LR, ABD, MR
  65. Sternoclavicular joint 
    Describe the osteokinematic motion, loose and close pack position and capsular pattern
    Osteokinematic motion: elevation, depression, protraction, retraction, MR, LR

    Loose packed position: arm resting by side

    Close packed position : max shoulder elevation

    Capsular pattern : pain at extreme ROM
  66. Acromioclavicular joint 
    Describe the osteokinematic motion, loose and close pack position and capsular pattern
    Osteokinematic motion: anterior/posterior tilting, UP/DOWNward rotation, protraction, retraction 

    Loose packed position: arm resting by side

    Close packed position : arm ABDed to 90˚

    Capsular pattern : pain at extreme ROM
  67. Radiohumeral joint
    Describe the osteokinematic motion, loose and close pack position and capsular pattern
    Osteokinematic motion: flexion, extension, pronation, supination 

    Loose packed position: full extension, supination 

    Close packed position : 90˚ flexion, 5˚ supination

    Capsular pattern : flexion, extension, supination, pronation
  68. Ulnohumeral joint
    Describe the osteokinematic motion, loose and close pack position and capsular pattern
    Osteokinematic motion: flexion, extension 

    Loose packed position: 70˚ elbow flexion, 10˚ supination

    Close packed position : extension

    Capsular pattern : flexion, extension
  69. Proximal radioulnar joint
    Describe the osteokinematic motion, loose and close pack position and capsular pattern
    Osteokinematic motion: pronation, supination

    Loose packed position: 70˚ elbow flexion, 35˚ supination

    Close packed position : 5˚ supination

    Capsular pattern : supination, pronation
  70. Radiocarpal joint
    Describe the osteokinematic motion, loose and close pack position and capsular pattern
    Osteokinematic motion: flexion, extension, radial/ulnar deviation

    Loose packed position: neutral with slight ulnar deviation

    Close packed position : extension with radial deviation

    Capsular pattern : flexion and extension equally limited
Author
veroniquefcantin
ID
346545
Card Set
MSK
Description
CHAPTER 4 - PT Exam
Updated