Art History Third Quiz

  1. Ancestral Puebloans
    Known as the Anasazi.
  2. atmospheric perspective
    Exploit the principle that the farther back the object is in space, the blurrier and less detailed it appears.
  3. Aztec
    Called themselves Mexica and claimed descent from the Toltecs.
  4. baldacchino
    A canopy on columns, frequently built over an altar.
  5. Baroque
    The traditional blanket designation for European art from 1600 to 1750.
  6. Benin
    In 1897, British sacked and burned the City, there were still 17 shrines to ancestors in the royal palace.
  7. Bernini
    Architect, painter, sculptor, playwright, and stage designer.
  8. camera obscura
    Latin, "dark room."
  9. chiaroscuro
    In drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling.
  10. Coatlicue
    Aztec, earth-mother goddess.
  11. colorito
    Italian, "colored" or "painted."
  12. Coyolxauhqui
    Moon goddess.
  13. diptych
    A two-paneled painting or altarpiece.
  14. disegno
    Italian, "drawing" and "design."
  15. Donatello
    Florentine sculptor, who was a former apprentice in Ghiberti's workshop.
  16. engraving
    The process of incising a design in hard material, often a metal plate(usually copper).
  17. etching
    A kind of engraving in which the design is incised in a layer of wax or varnish on a metal plate.
  18. Forbidden City
    Dates to 1576 and aptly describes the highly restricted access to the inner compound, where the Ming emperor, the Son of Heaven, resided.
  19. haboku
    In Japanese art, a loose and rapidly executed painting style in which the ink seems to have been applied by flinging or splashing it onto the paper.
  20. Isenheim Altarpiece
    A complex and fascinating polyptych reflecting Catholic beliefs and incorporating several references to Catholic doctrines, such as the lamb, whose wound spurts blood into a chalice in the crucifixion scene.
  21. linear perspective
    Determine mathematically the relative size of rendered objects to correlate them with the visual recession into space.
  22. Machu Picchu
    Which perches on a ridge between two jagged peaks 9,000 feet above sea level.
  23. Madonna of the Rocks
    The central panel of an altarpiece in San Francesco Grande and was painted by Leonardo da Vinci with Madonna, Christ Child, infant John the Baptist, and a angel.
  24. Mannerism
    A style of later Renaissance art that emphasized "artifice," often involving contrived imagery not derived directly from nature.
  25. Mérode Altarpiece
    A small triptych with Annunciation as the central panel.
  26. Michelangelo
    Florentine sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance.
  27. oil painting
    A painting technique using oil-based pigments that rose to prominence in northern Europe in the 15th century and is now the standard medium for painting on canvas.
  28. orthogonal
    A line imagined to be behind and perpendicular to the picture plane.
  29. polyptych
    An altarpiece composed of more than three sections.
  30. Renaissance
    Painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and literature were produced during the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries in Europe.
  31. sfumato
    Italian, "smoky."
  32. Taj Mahal
    "Crown Palace."
  33. tatami
    The traditional woven straw mat used for floor covering in Japanese architecture.
  34. tempera painting
    A technique of painting using pigment mixed with egg yolk, glue, or casein.
  35. Tempietto
    Roman round temples, Bramante's "little temple."
  36. tenebroso
    Italian, "shadowy."
  37. Tenochtitlán
    Lie directly beneath the center of Mexico City.
  38. tromp l′oeil
    French, "fools the eye."
  39. vanishing point
    Located at the exact center of the line.
  40. vanitas
    Latin, "vanity."
Card Set
Art History Third Quiz
Art History 101 Palomar College Quiz Three