BCLS Review

  1. For adult CPR, while checking for breathing/gasping, what would you do if you notice the patient isn't breathing?
    Start compressions immediately (DO NOT check for pulse).
  2. For adult CPR, what is the compression:breath ratio?
    30:2
  3. For adult CPR, what is the depth of chest compressions?
    2 inches
  4. For 2-rescuer adult CPR, when should they switch roles with each other?
    After every 5 cycles (2 minutes) or when the other tires.
  5. What is the ideal chest compression rate?
    100-120 compressions per minute.
  6. When opening the airway, what technique is used for a patient with a neck injury?
    Modified jaw thrust
  7. What technique is done when using the barrier device?
    E-C technique - thumb and index fingers form the "C" while the other 3 fingers (forming the "E") lift the jaw.
  8. (True or false) With CPR, the bag mask can only be used with one (1) rescuer.
    False. You would need 2 rescuers.
  9. How long should you squeeze the bag in a bag mask enough to deliver oxygen?
    1 second
  10. Where is the heel of the compressing hand placed on the chest?
    Halfway down the sternum.
  11. Interruptions (checking pulse, breathing, etc) should be no more than ____ secs.
    10 seconds
  12. For adult CPR with advanced airway, breaths are given once every _____ seconds.
    6-8 seconds (about 10 breaths a minute)
  13. For adult CPR with advanced airway, compressions are stopped when breaths are given (true or false).
    False 

    - Compressions continue unlike non-advanced airway CPR.
  14. For rescue breathing (palpable pulse but no breathing), _(a)_ breath(s) is/are given without compressions. Each breath is given for _(b)_ second(s).
    • a. 2
    • b. 1

    Check pulse after every 2 minutes.
  15. For adult rescue breathing, each breath is given every ____ seconds.
    5-6 seconds
  16. For children/infant rescue breathing, each breath is given every ____ seconds.
    3-5 seconds
  17. For children/infant rescue breathing, start compressions if HR < ____ BPM.
    60
  18. What two (2) arrhythmias does the AED determine when a shock is needed?
    Vfib & pulseless VT
  19. How early does the AED need to be used in order for return to sinus rhythm from a shockable rhythm can be achieved?
    < 2 minutes
  20. For adults, what are the locations for proper placement of the AED pads?
    One pad on right side of chest, underneath the clavicle. The other is just lateral to the left nipple, just underneath the left armpit.

    - ensure pads are attached to the machine
  21. When the AED does not advise to shock, what would you do?
    Continue CPR
  22. After ___ minutes of CPR, the AED will reanalyze the patient.
    2 mintues
  23. Where do you check for pulse in children from 1 year to puberty?
    Carotid & femoral pulse
  24. For 2-rescuer CPR for children 1 year old to puberty, what is the compression to breath ratio?
    15:2

    - single rescuer children is still 30:2
  25. (T/F) Unlike adults, children and infants undergo arrest before respiratory failure.
    False. Children and infants go into respiratory failure first before arrest. 

    - So breaths are more important in children/infants than in adults.
  26. For children 1 yr to puberty, what is the ideal compression depth?
    1/3 of the AP depth (or 2 inches)
  27. What would a rescuer do if he/she finds a child collapsed?
    Perform 2 minutes (5 cycles) of CPR before activating ERS.
  28. What would a rescuer do if he/she witnesses a child collapse?
    Activate ERS and get the AED first.
  29. What would a rescuer do if he/she witnesses an infant collapse?
    Activate ERS then get the AED first, then return to the infant.
  30. What would a rescuer do if he/she finds (did not witness) an infant collapsed?
    Perform 2 minutes (5 cycles) of CPR before activating ERS.
  31. For infants, what location is used to check the pulse?
    Brachial pulse
  32. For infant CPR, what technique is used for chest compressions (for single- and two-rescuer CPR)?
    • Single rescuer: 2 finger compression technique
    • Double rescuer: two thumb encircling hand technique
  33. For infants, what is the ideal compression depth?
    1/3 of the AP depth (or 1.5 inches)
  34. For infants, what is the compression:breath ratio for one- and two-rescuer CPR?
    • Single rescuer-->  30:2 
    • Double rescuer--> 15:2
  35. For infants, which defibrillator is preferred?
    Manual defibrillator (more control on joules administered).
  36. What age group does one use the Heimlich maneuver?
    Ages 1 year and older.
  37. What do you do if the choking victim loses consciousness?
    Activate ERS and start compressions immediately (do not check for pulse).
  38. For chocking victims aged infant to 1 year, where do you strike the heel of your hand when performing 5 back blows?
    Between the scapulae.
  39. For chocking victims aged infant to 1 year, chest compressions are done by placing _(a)_ fingers on the _(b)_ at a depth of _(c)_ inches.
    • 1. two fingers
    • 2. sternum between the nipples
    • 3. one (1) inch.

    - done 5 times
Author
NavyArmy
ID
346448
Card Set
BCLS Review
Description
Review for AHA BCLS recertification.
Updated