Comparative Anatomy

  1. Which type of muscle cell is mononucleate and striated?
  2. Which of the following can be used on a Tyrannosaurus to determine muscle homology?
    Attachment Sites
  3. What type of muscle, specifically, is defined by pulling a limb closer to the body
  4. The axial muscle is derived from the embryonic somites
  5. The axial musculature does not contribute to the pectoral sling of tetrapods
  6. Which of the following is true about the extrinsic eye muscles?
    innervated by three cranial nerves
  7. The facial muscles of mammals comes from which muscle in a shark?
  8. What would make a muscle of a type III lever (the common one) relatively stronger?
    having shorter limbs
  9. Which of the following is a hypaxial muscle
    • external oblique
    • rectus abdominis
    • transversus abdominis
    • internal intercostal
    • all of these
  10. Which of the following is a convergent muscle?
    pectoralis major
  11. Which of the following is false about the pancreas?
    • secrete pancreatic juices
    • two lobes share a single duct in humans
    • both endocrine and exocrine 
    • formed from two diverticula
    • two lobes fused only in mammals
  12. Which of the following is a foregut fermenter
  13. Which of the following is incorrect about tooth development
    • mammals have the ability to develop extra teeth beyond adult teeth by developing new primordial
    • the gingiva is the gumline
    • odontoblasts secrete dentin
    • the first thing that forms is the crown
    • the dermal papilla is formed from mesenchyme
  14. Which of the following is formed from the pharynx?
    • thyroid
    • ultimobranchial bodies
    • external auditory meatus
    • thymus
    • all of these
  15. the palatoglossal arch is
    the boundary between the buccal and pharyngeal cavities
  16. Humans have the mouth positioned at what level? Think back to the words that were located on the A, B, and C lines in the lecture figure. (pic of fish)
  17. Which of the following describes your teeth but not those of a cow?
  18. The proctodeum is located in which region
  19. In a fish with acrodont teeth, the part of the tooth below the gingiva is known as
  20. Which of the following is not found in mammals?
    • prehepatic diaphragm
    • oxyntopeptic cells  
    • cardia of stomach
    • diphyodont teeth  
    • alveoli
  21. Which organism has a kidney serviced by large glomuses instead of small glomeruli?
  22. Which of the following is false about the female reproductive tract?
    • the uterus is a swollen distal end of the oviduct  
    • eggs do not have to move through theabdominal cavity in mammals 
    • formed from the muellerian duct  
    • the human reproductive anatomy is held by the broad ligament  
    • may contain remants of the male reproductive anatomy
  23. Which of the following is hyposmotic?
    marine teleost
  24. Which of the following is the name for the tube that carries only sperm?
    Vas Deferans
  25. Do all kidneys concentrate urine?
  26. Germ cells arisefrom cells that develop along with the rest of the cells of the gonads
  27. Cats are in the order Carnivora and have which type of uterus?
  28. Which of the following has a single, median penis formed from noncloacal epithelium and connective tissue and has a baculum
  29. Turtles are:
    perhaps all of these
  30. Which of the following is false about kidney development?
    • the metanephros is stimulated to develop tubules by the uretic diverticulum 
    • the pronephros develops first 
    • the pronephros is not an active kidney in humans 
    • the muellerian duct forms from the archinephric duct
    • humans have a metanephros
  31. The lung of the placoderm Bothriolepis is now thought to be homologous to our lung
  32. Which of the following is false about breathing in you?
    • you use the buccal force pump
    • to exhale deeply, you can contract your internal intercostals
    • the diaphragm contracts to draw air in
    • the external intercostals lift the rib cage outwards
    • you can inhale more deeply by using muscles like the scalenes and sternocleiomastoid muscles
  33. Which of the following is true about air sacs in archosaurs
    • some dinosaurs have pneumatic foramina
    • birds are known to be able to exchange gasses when exhaling
    • air sacs penetrate the long bones
    • all of these
    • it is believed that the air sacs of pterosaurs are not homologous to that of dinosaurs and birds
  34. Which of the following is not unique to synapsids?
    • Aspiration breathing
    • alveoli
    • prehepatic diaphragm
  35. Which of the following increases diffusion rates
    • smaller distance
    • less resistant surfaces
    • larger surface area
    • greater partial pressure
    • all of these
  36. Which of the following is false about fish respiration?
    • Gills are more efficient than lungs
    • Some breathe air through accessory respiratory organs
    • Some have lungs
    • Gills are almost always unidirectional
    • Gills use cross current exchange
  37. Alveoli use which f the following?
    uniform pool
  38. Nearly always, which has more oxygen?
  39. A deep sea teleost fish is least likely to have which of the following structures?
    • gas gland
    • oval
    • pneumatic duct
  40. In a four stroke respiratory pump, like what is found in most air breathing fishes and some amphibians, the oxygenated and deoxygenated air do not mix in the buccal cavity.
  41. Image Upload 1
    Match the character with the location it evolved on the tree.
    • A - Swimbladder
    • B - Ovarian Duct
    • C - Supracoracoideus to Elevator
    • D - Thecodont
    • E - Loop of Henle
  42. Extra Credit 1: Why do we know that sauropods have gizzards? Give the specific, physical reason that was given in class.
    Rocks found in skeletons
  43. Extra credit 2. What is in the lungs of coelacanths?
Card Set
Comparative Anatomy
Comp Anat