Chapter 7 Abnormal Psychology

  1. What element makes for an adequate test of the hypothesized relationship between child abuse and dissociative disorder?
  2. What percent of rape survivors have thoughts of suicide?
  3. What is Multiple Personality Disorder now known as?
    Dissociative identity disorder
  4. What are the common characteristics of acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder?
    The main difference between acute stress disorder and post traumatic stress disorder is duration. Both include 1) intrusive reexperiencing, 2) avoidance of reminders of he trauma, 3) increased arousal or reactivity, 4) negative mood or thoughts and 5) dissociation.
  5. Who is most likely to receive the diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder?
  6. What provides evidence of a link between dissociative disorders and trauma- or stressor-related disorders?
    DID is linked to the past trauma not present, and usually chronic physical or sexual child abuse.
  7. According to a cognitive behavior therapist, how is somatic symptom disorder likely to be perpetuated?
    Rewarding pain behavior and the sick role.
  8. What are the two systems suggested by Epstein of information processing?
    The rational system- uses abstract, logical knowledge to solve complex problems over time. 

    The experiential system- uses intuitive knowledge to respond to problems immediately without the delay of thought.
  9. What variables predicted lower rates of PTSD in emergency workers after Hurricane Katrina?
    Emergency workers are less than half as likely to develop PTSD than victims.
  10. What arousal or reactivity symptoms differentiate acute stress disorder and PTSD?
    They used to be anxiety disorders but the heightened reactivity can take other forms. Instead of showing increased anxiety, some people become irritable and prone to angry outburst. Others have trouble concentrating or sleeping.
  11. What is the basis for the controversy about the role of trauma in the etiology of DID?
    Because it's based on recovered memories of trauma, typically sexual abuse. These reports can be distorted.
  12. What disorder is 10 times more likely to occur in women than men?
    ? PTSD?
  13. If someone has somatic symptom disorder and is presenting symptoms in a histrionic manner, what would a clinician conclude?
    It's called la belle indifference - a  flippant lack of concern  about their symptoms.
  14. What are the symptoms of conversion disorder?
    Altered motor or sensory function that are typical common neurological problems with one exception : The symptoms make no anatomic sense. A patient may complain about anesthesia or pain in a way that does not correspond with the innervation of the body.
  15. What group was the first to focus research on PTSD?
  16. What did Neisser and Harsch find in their study three years after the Challenger explosion?
    About one third reported vivid and grossly inaccurate memories.
  17. What is the most important strategy for long-term benefits in treating PTSD?
    prolonged exposure
  18. What is someone experiencing if she is feeling cut off from herself and environment, like a robot, after a traumatic event?
  19. When is a physical complaint assumed to be part of a somatic symptom disorder?
    When it's accompanied by impairing psychological distress.
  20. What is a Freudian therapist likely to emphasize when treating someone with conversion disorder?
    Initially freud assumed that conversion disorders were caused by a trauma, particularly sexual abuse. But later he questioned the accuracy of his patients' reports. So he decided that their sexual memories were fantasized, not real. This led him to develop his theory of childhood sexuality. He came to view dissociation as protecting people from unacceptable sexual impulses, not from intolerable memories.
  21. Why do some psychologists think DID diagnoses have increased as a “fad”?
    Because it seems that cases as increased when there were more movies made about DID.
  22. How does the DSM define an event that involves actual or threatened death, or serious injury to self or others and creates feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror?
    Traumatic stress
  23. What is a major difference in conditions in acute stress disorder and PTSD?
    The difference is duration. ASD lasts no longer than a month, while PtSD continues or sometimes begins at least a month after the trauma.
  24. What medication is most often prescribed for PTSD?
    antidepressants (SSRI)
  25. If someone feels as if he is in a strange and unfamiliar place and later feels like his body does not belong to him, what is he experiencing?
    Dissociative disorder
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Chapter 7 Abnormal Psychology
chapter 7