Chapter 2: Seeing and Thinking Sociologically

  1. achieved status
    Social position acquired through our own efforts or accomplishments or taken on voluntarily
  2. ascribed status
    Social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily later in life
  3. coalition
    Subgroup of a triad, formed when two members unite against the third member
  4. conflict perspective
    Theoretical perspective that views the structure of society as a source of inequality, which always benefits some groups at the expense of other groups
  5. culture
    Language, values, beleifs, rules, behaviors, and artifacts that characterize a society
  6. dyad
    Group consisting of two people
  7. femenist perspective
    theoretical perspective that focuses on gender as the most important source of conflict and inequality in social life
  8. globalization
    Process through which people's lives all around the world become economically, politically, environmentally, and culturally interconnected
  9. group
    Set of people who interact more or less regularly and who are conscious of their identity as a unit
  10. latent function
    Unintended, unrecognized consequences of activities that help some part of the social system
  11. manifest function
    intended, obvious consequences of activities designed to help some part of the social system
  12. norm
    Culturally defined standard or rule of conduct
  13. organization
    Large, complex network of positions, created for a specific purpose nd characterized by a hierarchical division of labor
  14. primary group
    colection of individuals who are together over a relatively long period, whose members have direct contact withh and feel emotional attachment to one another
  15. role
    set of expectations_rights, obligations, behaviors, duties_associated with a particular status
  16. role conflict
    Frustration people feel when the demands of one role they are expected to fulfill clash with the demands of another role
  17. secondary group
    Relatively impersonal collection of individuals that is established to perform a specific task
  18. social institution
    Stable set of roles, statuses, groups, and organizations_such as the institution of education, family, politics, religion, health care, or the economy_ that provides a foundation for behavior in some major area of social life
  19. society
    Population of people living in the same geographic area who hare a culture and a common identity and whose members fall under the same political authority
  20. status
    Any named social position that people can occupy
  21. structural-functionalist perspective
    theoretical perspective that posits that social institutions are structured to maintain stability and order in society
  22. symbol
    Something used to represent or stand for something else
  23. symbolic interactionism
    Theoretical perspective that explains society and social structure through an examination of the micro-level, personal, day-to-day exchanges of people as individuals, pairs, or groups
  24. triad
    Group consisting of three people
  25. value
    standard of judgment by which people decide on desirable goals and outcomes
Card Set
Chapter 2: Seeing and Thinking Sociologically
Key Terms