IDTA Theory - WALTZ

  1. Waltz Time Signature
    • Written as a fraction appearing at the start of a piece of music
    • The top (first) number indicates the number of beats in a bar
    • The bottom (second) number indicates the value of the beats
    • Walts is 3/4 time = 3 beats of crochet value to the bar
  2. Waltz Tempo
    • The speed of the music counted in bars or beats per minute
    • Walts is played at 30 bars/minute (or 90 beats/minute)
  3. Counting in Beats
    • 123, 123, 123 etc where (generally) one step equals one beat
    • an 'and' (&) equals 1/2 beat
  4. Counting in Beats and Bars
    • 123, 223, 323, etc where the first number denotes the bar while the 2nd & 3rd the remaining beats of the bar
    • Generally, one step equals one beat
    • an 'and' (&) equals 1/2 beat
  5. Timing
    • The amount of time given to each step or action in relation to the music
    • Eg The Whisk & Chasse: Timing is 123 12&3 with beat value 111 1 1/2 1/2 1
  6. Rhythm
    The regular recurrence of and accented beat or beats in the music that gives character to the music and dance
  7. Accented Beat
    Beat One
  8. Syncopation
    Splitting a beat or beats during a figure
  9. Rotation
    Movement of the body in a circular motion around a central axis to Right or Left
  10. Spin
    A continuous turn to Right or Left over 2 or more steps
  11. RF (LF) Closed Change, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  12. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT (LEFT) foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT (RIGHT) foot side and slightly forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT (LEFT) foot closes to Left (Right)
  13. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  14. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
  15. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  16. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
  17. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's CBM
    Slight on Step 1
  18. RF (LF) Closed Change, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right (Left)
    • Step 3: Right (Left)
  19. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT (RIGHT) foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT (LEFT) foot side and slightly back
    • Step 3: LEFT (RIGHT) foot closes to Right (Left)
  20. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  21. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre (Wall)
  22. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  23. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
  24. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's CBM
    Slight on Step 1
  25. RF (LF) Closed Change, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left (Right)
    • Step 3: Left (Right)
  26. RF Closed Change, Precede
    • Associate: Natural Turn
    • Licentiate:
    • Fellow:
  27. RF Closed Change, Follow
    • Associate: Reverse Turn
    • Licentiate: Closed Telemark, Open Telemark, Open Telemark followed by Wing, Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Progressive Chasse to Right
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin
  28. LF Closed Change, Precede
    • Associate: Reverse Turn, Steps 4-6 Reverse Turn after Natural Spin Turn, Natural Hesitation near Corner
    • Licentiate:
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin
  29. LF Closed Change, Follow
    • Associate: Natural Turn, Natural Spin Turn, Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Natural Turn with Hesitation
    • Licentiate:
    • Fellow: Running Spin Turn
  30. Reverse Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  31. Reverse Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot side
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot closes to Left
  32. Reverse Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  33. Reverse Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Backing LoD
    • Step 4: Backing LoD
    • Step 5: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  34. Reverse Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 3/8 turn between 4 & 5, body turns less
    • Body completes the turn on 6
  35. Reverse Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
  36. Reverse Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  37. Reverse Turn, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Right
    • Step 6: Right
  38. Reverse Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closes to Right
  39. Reverse Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  40. Reverse Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Pointing to LoD
    • Step 3: Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Facing LoD
    • Step 5: Backing Wall
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  41. Reverse Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
    • Body completes turn on 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 1/4 turn between step 4 & 5
    • 1/8 turn between 5 & 6
  42. Reverse Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
  43. Reverse Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  44. Reverse Turn, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Left
    • Step 6: Left
  45. Reverse Turn, Precede
    • Associate: RF Closed Change, Natural Turn with Hesitation, Steps 4-6 of Reverse Turn after the Underturned Natural Spin Turn (when finished to face DC)
    • Licentiate: Reverse Pivot; when starting with Man S1 LF Fwd in CBMP o/s Partner on L: Wing, Closed Wing
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin
  46. Reverse Turn, Follow
    • Associate: LF Closed Change, Whisk, After steps 1-3 of Reverse Turn underturned to Back DW, Weave in Waltz Time, After steps 123, Reverse Corte
    • Licentiate: After steps 123, Reverse Pivot
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin, Contra Check
  47. Natural Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  48. Natural Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closes to Right
  49. Natural Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  50. Natural Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing LoD
    • Step 4: Backing LoD
    • Step 5: Pointing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  51. Natural Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • Continue to turn Right on 4
    • 3/8 turn between 4 & 5, body turns less
    • Body completes the turn on 6
  52. Natural Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
  53. Natural Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  54. Natural Turn, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Left
    • Step 6: Left
  55. Natural Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 5: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot closes to Left
  56. Natural Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  57. Natural Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Pointing to LoD
    • Step 3: Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Facing LoD
    • Step 5: Backing Centre
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  58. Natural Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
    • Body completes turn on 3
    • Continue to turn Right on 4
    • 1/4 turn between step 4 & 5
    • 1/8 turn between 5 & 6
  59. Natural Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Continue to rise on 6. Lower end of 6
  60. Natural Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  61. Natural Turn, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Right
    • Step 6: Right
  62. Natural Turn, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • LF Closed Change;
    • When starting this figure Step 1 Forward o/s Partner in CBMP -
    • Chasse from Promendade Position,
    • Outside Change,
    • Weave in Waltz Time
    • Licentiate: .
    • When starting this figure Step 1 Forward o/s Partner in CBMP
    • Closed Telemark,
    • Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave,
    • Whisk followed by Weave,
    • Turning Lock to Left
    • Fellow: .
    • When starting this figure Step 1 Forward o/s Partner in CBMP:
    • Fallaway Natural Turn,
    • Contra Check ending in Close Hole
  63. Natural Turn, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • RF Closed Change,
    • If ended Facing DW of new LoD, any Natural Figure,
    • After steps 123 of Natural Turn, Back Whisk
    • After steps 123 of Natural Turn ended backing DC, Outside Change step 1 LF back, Lady in line
    • Licentiate: .
    • After steps 123 of Natural Turn - Open Impetus Turn
    • Fellow: .
  64. Whisk, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  65. Whisk, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side and slightly forward
    • Step 3: LEFT foot crosses behind Right in PP
  66. Whisk, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  67. Whisk, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  68. Whisk, Men's Amount of Turn
    Body turn on step 3
  69. Whisk, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  70. Whisk, Men's CBM
    Slight on Step 1
  71. Whisk, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
  72. Whisk, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT diagonally back
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot crosses behind Left in PP
  73. Whisk, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  74. Whisk, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Pointing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  75. Whisk, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • No turn on step 1 (there is no foot swivel, the feet complete the turn steps 1 & 2)
    • 1/4 turn to Right between 1 & 2, body turns less
    • Body completes turn on 3
  76. Whisk, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  77. Whisk, Lady's CBM
    None
  78. Whisk, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
  79. Whisk, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • Reverse Turn
    • 4-6 Reverse Turn
    • 4-6 Reverse Turn after Natural Spin Turn
    • Underturned Natural Spin Turn at a Corner
    • Natural Turn with Hesitation at Corner
    • Licentiate: .
    • Wing when ended DW of new LoD, S1 LF Forward in CBMP outside partner on L side
    • Fellow: .
  80. Whisk, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • Chasse from PP
    • Licentiate: .
    • Cross Hessitation
    • Wing
    • Fellow: .
    • Left Whisk, S1 as Man RF forward and across in CBMP and PP, S1 as Lady alignment moving along LoD facing DC
  81. Whisk, Note
    • 1: Lady - there is no foot swivel on S1. The feet complete the turn between S1 & S2
    • 2: The Whisk at a Corner (man turning)
    • The amount of turn will be:
    • 1/8 to left between 1 and 2 from Facing DW to Facing LoD, and
    • 1/8 bewteen 2 and 3 to Face DW of new LoD
    • The foot position on S2 will be RF Diagonally Forward, right side leading
    • Lady will make no turn and foor postion on S2 will be LF back, L side leading
    • 3: When the Whisk is turned along trhe side of the room, the positions of feet and amounts of turn will be the same as at a corner but
    • will end with Man facing DC and followed with Weave, Wing, Cross hessitation, Chasse from PP
  82. Chasse from PP, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: & - 1/2 beat
    • Step 4: 3 - 1 beat
  83. Chasse from PP, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward and across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side and slightly forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
    • Step 4: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
  84. Chasse from PP, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  85. Chasse from PP, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Along LoD, Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 4: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  86. Chasse from PP, Men's Amount of Turn
    No turn
  87. Chasse from PP, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4. Lower end of 4
  88. Chasse from PP, Men's CBM
    None
  89. Chasse from PP, Men's Sway
    Straight throughout
  90. Chasse from PP, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward and across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
  91. Chasse from PP, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  92. Chasse from PP, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Along LoD Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Backing Wall
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 4: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  93. Chasse from PP, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3, body turns less
    • No turn on 4
  94. Chasse from PP, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4. Lower end of 4
  95. Chasse from PP, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  96. Chasse from PP, Lady's Sway
    Straight throughout
  97. Chasse from PP, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • Whisk
    • Back Whisk
    • When ended in PP, Outside Change, Weave in Waltz Time
    • Licentiate: .
    • Whisk followed by Weave
    • Open Impetus Turn at a Corner
    • When starting this figure as Man S1 RF Fwd in CBMP and PP, Open Telemark
    • When ended in PP, Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave
    • Fellow: .
    • When starting this figure as Man S1 RF Fwd in CBMP and PP, Contra Check
  98. Chasse from PP, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • RF forward in CBMP outside partner into
    • Natural Turn
    • Natural Spin Turn
    • Underturned Natural Spin Turn
    • Natural Turn with Hesitation
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: .
    • RF forward in CBMP outside partner into
    • Running Spin Turn
    • Left Whisk (count 1)
  99. Natural Spin Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  100. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left foot
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back, Right foot held in CBMP (Pivot)
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
  101. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Heel Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  102. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing LoD
    • Step 4: Down LoD Toe turned in. End Facing LoD
    • Step 5: Facing LoD
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  103. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • 1/2 turn to Right on 4
    • Continue to turn Right on 5
    • 3/8 turn between 5 & 6
  104. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to Rise end of 1
    • Continue to Rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5, Rise end of 5
    • Up on 6. Lower end of 6
  105. Natural Spin Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1, Step 4 and Step 5
  106. Natural Spin Turn, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
  107. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward (pivoting action)
    • Step 5: LEFT foot back and slightly Leftward then Right foot brushes to Left
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot diagonally forward
  108. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  109. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Pointing LoD
    • Step 3: Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Facing LoD, end Backing LoD
    • Step 5: Backing LoD
    • Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  110. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start turning Right on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
    • Body completes turn on 3
    • 1/2 turn Right on 4
    • Continue to turn on 5
    • 3/8 turn between 5 & 6
  111. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to Rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to Rise on 2
    • Continue to Rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5, Rise end of 5
    • Up on 6. Lower end of 6
  112. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  113. Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
  114. Natural Spin Turn, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • LF Closed Change
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP, Chasse from PP, Outside Change, Weave in Waltz Time
    • Licentiate: .
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP, Turning Lock to Left, Closed Telemark, Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Whisk followed by Weave
    • Fellow: .
    • Outside Spin
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP: Fallaway Natural Turn, Conta Check ended in Close Hold
  115. Natural Spin Turn, Follow
    • Associate: 4 - 6 Reverse Turn to face DW or LoD, Reverse Corte
    • Licentiate: Reverse Pivot, Turning Lock to left
    • Fellow: Turning Lock to Right
  116. Natural Spin Turn, Note
    • Man: although Step 4 (pivot) footwork is THT, the turn is actually made on the Ball of Foot with the heel lightly touching the floor during the turn
    • Lady: On step 4, the Heel of the RF will be released from the floor as the turn starts
  117. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  118. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left foot
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back, Right foot held in CBMP (Pivot)
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
  119. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Heel Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  120. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing LoD
    • Step 4: Down LoD Toe turned in. End Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
  121. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • 3/8 turn to Right on 4
    • Continue to turn Right on 5
    • 1/4 turn between 5 & 6
  122. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to Rise end of 1
    • Continue to Rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5, Rise end of 5
    • Up on 6. Lower end of 6
  123. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1, Step 4 and Step 5
  124. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
  125. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward (pivoting action)
    • Step 5: LEFT foot back and slightly Leftward then Right foot brushes to Left
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot diagonally forward
  126. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  127. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Pointing LoD
    • Step 3: Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Facing LoD, end Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
  128. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start turning Right on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
    • Body completes turn on 3
    • 3/8 turn Right on 4
    • Continue to turn on 5
    • 1/4 turn between 5 & 6
  129. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to Rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to Rise on 2
    • Continue to Rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5, Rise end of 5
    • Up on 6. Lower end of 6
  130. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  131. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
  132. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • LF Closed Change
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP, Chasse from PP, Outside Change, Weave in Waltz Time
    • Licentiate: .
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP, Turning Lock to Left, Closed Telemark, Open Impetis Turn followed by Weave, Whisk followed by Weave
    • Fellow: .
    • Outside Spin
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP: Fallaway Natural Turn, Conta Check ended in Close Hold
  133. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • 4 - 6 Reverse Turn ended facing DC
    • Reverse Corte turning 1/4 or 1/2 to Left
    • At a corner, 4 - 6 Reverse Turn, Reverse Corte
    • Licentiate: .
    • Reverse Pivot
    • Turning Lock to Left to Face DC
    • At a corner, Turning Lock to Left, Reverse Pivot
    • Fellow: .
    • At a a corner: Turning lock to Right
  134. Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Note
    • Man: although Step 4 (pivot) footwork is THT, the turn is actually made on the Ball of Foot with the heel lightly touching the floor during the turn
    • Lady: On step 4, the Heel of the RF will be released from the floor as the turn starts
  135. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  136. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to Left
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot side small step (Heel Pull)
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closes to Right without weight
  137. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Heel, Inside edge of Foot, Whole Foot
    • Step 6: Inside edge of Toe
  138. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing LoD
    • Step 4: Backing LoD
    • Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  139. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • Continue to turn Right on 4
    • 3/8 turn between 4 & 5
    • No turn on 6
  140. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5
    • Down on 6
  141. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  142. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Left
    • Step 6: Left
  143. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 5: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot closes to Left without weight
  144. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe Heel
    • Step 6: Inside edge of Toe
  145. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Pointing to LoD
    • Step 3: Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Facing LoD
    • Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Centre
  146. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2, body turns less
    • Body completes turn on 3
    • Continue to turn Right on 4
    • 3/8 turn between step 4 & 5
    • No turn on 6
  147. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Down on 5
    • Down on 6
  148. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's CBM
    Step 1 and Step 4
  149. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Right
    • Step 6: Right
  150. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • LF Closed Change
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP, Chasse from PP, Outside Change, Weave in Waltz Time
    • Licentiate: .
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP, Turning Lock to Left, Closed Telemark, Open Impetis Turn followed by Weave, Whisk followed by Weave
    • Fellow: .
    • Outside Spin
    • When starting the figure step 1 as Man outside partnet in CBMP: Fallaway Natural Turn, Conta Check ended in Close Hold
  151. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • Reverse Turn
    • If ended DW at Corner - LF Closed Change, Whisk
    • Licentiate: .
    • Progressive Chasse to Right
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin
  152. Natural Turn with Hesitation, Note
    • At a corner: Steps 4-5 may be underturned to end Facing DC of the new LoD
    • Lady: The turn between 4 and 5 is not divided; Lady may turn her head to the Right over steps 5-6
    • Man and Lady: The swya on steps 5 and 6 is broken sway
  153. Reverse Corte, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  154. Reverse Corte, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right without weight
    • Step 3: Position held
  155. Reverse Corte, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel of LF then Toes of both feet
    • Step 3: Toe Heel of RF
  156. Reverse Corte, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing LoD
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
  157. Reverse Corte, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • No turn on 3
  158. Reverse Corte, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  159. Reverse Corte, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  160. Reverse Corte, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
  161. Reverse Corte, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to Right
  162. Reverse Corte, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  163. Reverse Corte, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing LoD
    • Step 2: Facing Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
  164. Reverse Corte, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 bteween 2 & 3
  165. Reverse Corte, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3. Lower end of 3
  166. Reverse Corte, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  167. Reverse Corte, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
  168. Reverse Corte, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • 1-3 Reverse Turn
    • Natural Spin Turn
    • Licentiate: .
    • Underturned Outside Spin
    • Fellow: .
  169. Reverse Corte, Follow
    • All follows as man will commence LF back in CBMP
    • Associate: .
    • Back Whisk
    • At a corner, Outside Change
    • when making 1/2 turn to back DW after an Underturned Natural Spin Turn - Back Whisk
    • Licentiate: .
    • Underturned Outside Spin
    • Backward Lockstep
    • when making 1/2 turn to back DW after an Underturned Natural Spin Turn - Open Imputus Turn
    • Fellow: .
    • Outside Spin
  170. Reverse Corte, Notes
    • 1: 1/2 or 5/8 turn may be made bewteen steps 1 and 2
    • 2: When dancing 1/2 a turn, Lady will dance just over 1/4 between 1 and 2, and just under 1/4 between 2 and 3
    • 3: When dancing 5/8 of a turn, Lady will dance 3/8 between 1 and 2, and 1/4 between 2 and 3
    • 4: when started Backing DC after Natural Spin Turn, Man dances 1/4 Turn to L, Lady 1/8 between 1 and 2, and 1/8 between 2 and 3
    • 5: Alternative footwork as man will be 1 - THT, 2 - Toes of Both Feet, 3 - TH of RF
  171. Back Whisk, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  172. Back Whisk, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot diagonally back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot crosses behind Right in PP
  173. Back Whisk, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  174. Back Whisk, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Wall
  175. Back Whisk, Men's Amount of Turn
    Body turn to the Right on step 3
  176. Back Whisk, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  177. Back Whisk, Men's CBM
    None
  178. Back Whisk, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
  179. Back Whisk, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP Outside Partner
    • Step 2: LEFT foot side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot crosses behind Left in PP
  180. Back Whisk, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  181. Back Whisk, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre, against LoD
    • Step 2: Facing Centre
    • Step 3: Facing Diagonal to Centre
  182. Back Whisk, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 1/8 bteween 2 & 3
  183. Back Whisk, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  184. Back Whisk, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  185. Back Whisk, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
  186. Back Whisk, Precede
    • Associate: Reverse Corte
    • Licentiate: Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation
    • Fellow: .
  187. Back Whisk, Follow
    • Associate: Chasse From PP
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: Left Whisk
  188. Back Whisk: Notes
    • 1: The Back Whisk may bew turned to the Right after Backward Lock Step.
    • The Man's foot position on S2 will be Side and Slightly Back. The amount of turn will be 1/4 to R for the Man, and 1/2 Right for the Lady.
    • The Man will end Facing DC.
    • Can be collowed with Weave from PP, Wing, Cross hesitation
    • 2: When Back Whisk follows 1-3 of a Natural Turn, S1 will be LF Back, Lady in Line, and Man will turn 3/8 R to Face DC, Ladt 5/8 to R
    • 3: At a corner, Turn 3/8 to end Facing DW of new LoD, or 1/8 to Face DC of new LoD. When making 1/8 turn, Man's S2 will be RF Diagonally Back
  189. Outside Change, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  190. Outside Change, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
  191. Outside Change, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  192. Outside Change, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
  193. Outside Change, Men's Amount of Turn
    • No turn on step 1
    • Start to turn Left on step 2
    • 1/4 turn between 2 and 3, body turns less
  194. Outside Change, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  195. Outside Change, Men's CBM
    Step 2
  196. Outside Change, Men's Sway
    Straight throughout
  197. Outside Change, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
  198. Outside Change, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  199. Outside Change, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 3: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  200. Outside Change, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • No turn on step 1
    • Start to turn Left on step 2
    • 1/4 turn between 2 and 3, body turns less
  201. Outside Change, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  202. Outside Change, Lady's CBM
    Step 2
  203. Outside Change, Lady's Sway
    Straight throughout
  204. Outside Change, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • Reverse Corte danced at a corner
    • 1-3 of Natural Turn to end Backing DC, Step 1 LF Back Lady in Line
    • Licentiate: .
    • Progressive Chasse to R (1/2 Turn)
    • Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation at a corner
    • Fellow: .
    • Running Spin Turn
  205. Outside Change, Follow
    • Right Foot forward outside partner into any Natural Figure
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: .
    • Running Spin Turn
    • Left Whisk (count 1)
  206. Outside Change, Notes
    • When ended in PP, the foot positions and alignment on Step 3 will be
    • 1: .
    • Man - LF Side and Slightly Forward in PP, Pointing DW, body Facing Wall
    • Lady - RF Diaginally Forward Right Side Leading in PP, Moving DW, Pointing LoD
    • Follow - Chasse from PP, Cross Hesitation, Left Whisk, Natural Fallaway Turn
    • or
    • 2: .
    • Man - LF Side and Slightly Forward in PP, Pointing DW, body Facing Wall
    • Lady - RF Forward and Slightly to R Right Side Leading in PP, Pointing LoD
    • Follow - Wing
    • or
    • 3: .
    • Man - LF Side in PP, Along LoD, Facing DW
    • Lady - RF Side in PP, along LoD, Facing DC
    • Follow - Chasse from PP
    • 4: This figure may end Facing DC; Follow: Closed Wing
  207. Weave in Waltz Time, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  208. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 4: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
  209. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  210. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Facing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 3: Backing LoD
    • Step 4: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 5: Backing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Pointing Diagonal to Wall
  211. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Body turn to Left on 1
    • Continue to turn Left on 2
    • 1/8 turn between 2 & 3
    • 1/8 turn between 3 & 4
    • Continue to turn Left on 5
    • 1/4 turn between 5 & 6, body turns less
  212. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, rise end of 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Up on 6. Lower end of 6
  213. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's CBM
    Step 1, Step 2 and Step 5
  214. Weave in Waltz Time, Men's Sway
    Straight throughout
  215. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
    • Step 5: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
  216. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  217. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing Diagonal to Wall
    • Step 2: Backing Diagonal to Centre against LoD
    • Step 3: Pointing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 4: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 5: Facing Diagonal to Centre
    • Step 6: Backing Diagonal to Wall
  218. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Body turn to Left on 1
    • Continue to turn Left on 2
    • 1/4 turn between 2 & 3, body turns less
    • No turn on 4
    • Continue to turn Left on 5
    • 1/4 turn between 5 & 6, body turns less
  219. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, rise end of 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Up on 6. Lower end of 6
  220. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's CBM
    Step 1, Step 2 and Step 5
  221. Weave in Waltz Time, Lady's Sway
    Straight throughout
  222. Weave in Waltz Time, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • 1-3 of Reverse Turn, start facing DC or LoD
  223. Weave in Waltz Time, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • RF forward in CBMP, outside partner to:
    • Natural Turn
    • Natural Spin Turn
    • Underturned Natural Spin Turn
    • Natural Turn with Hesitation
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: .
    • Running Spin Turn
    • Left Whisk (count 1)
  224. Weave in Waltz Time, Note
    This figure may end in PP
  225. Positions of Feet
    this refers to the position of one foot relative to the other at the end of a step
  226. Outside Partner (OP)
    A forward step taken to the partner's right side
  227. Preparing to Step Outside Partner
    this is a step taken forward in a slightly more open position than a normal step
  228. Left or Right Side Leading
    • This is when the same side of the body moves with the stepping foot.
    • The step is taken either forward of back, normally in preparation to step outside partner
  229. Contrary Body Movement Position (CBMP)
    • The placing of the stepping foot, forward or backward, on to the line of the other foot
    • This gives the appearance of CBM having been used but without turning the body
    • CBMP is used on all OP steps to ensure a good line and contact
    • 'forward and across' in CBMP means that the moving foot travels more across the line of the other foot. This applies to steps in PP only
  230. Contrary Body Movement (CBM)
    • The body action used to initiate turn
    • It is moving the opposite side of the body toward the stepping foot, either forward or backward
    • The action is strongest on Natural and Reverse Pivots
  231. Promenade Position (PP)
    • The man's right and lady's left side are in contact with the lady slightly behind the man's right side
    • PP is incorporated in the 'positions of feet' column in the charts
  232. Fallaway Position
    Both man and ladt stepping backward in PP on either foot
  233. Direction
    • Direction is the movement of the foot in relation to the room
    • E.g. Step 1 of Chasse from PP as Lady: Along LoD facing DC
  234. Alignment
    • This refers to the foot or feet and describes where the feet are Facing, Backing or Pointing
    • E.g. Step 2 Reverse Turn as Man: Backing DW
    • Pointing will occur when on the inside of a turn having taken a side step, turning the foot more than the body
    • Pointing will occur on some forward steps in PP
    • The body position is sometimes included in the alignment because the body does not match the turning out of the feet when in PP
  235. Line of Dance
    • The line of forward progression round the ballroom in an anti-clockwise direction.
    • The following alignments are used for examination purposes
    • 1: Facing LoD or Backing against LoD
    • 2: Facing DW or Backing DC against LoD
    • 3: Facing Wall or Backing Centre
    • 4: Facing DW against LoD or Backing DC
    • 5: Backing LoD or Facing agaist LoD
    • 6: Facing DC against LoD or Backing DW
    • 7: Facing Centre or Backing Wall
    • 8: Facing DC or Backing DW against LoD
  236. Amounts of Turn
    The amount of turn made with the feet between each step
  237. Outside of Turn
    • Indicates the turn is made following a forward step
    • The amount of turn will be divided between steps 1 - 3
    • Exception: the action of the man's Heel Pull between 4 & 5 of the Natural Turn with Hesitation causes the lady to make the same amount of turn as the man even though she is on the outside of the turn
    • Exception: When dancing 4 - 6 of the Natural Spin Turn (and Natural or Reverse Pivot) the amount of turn for man and lady is the same
  238. Inside of Turn
    • Indicates the turn is made following a backward step
    • There will be no foot turn on step 2
    • All the turn is made between steps 2 and 3
    • When on the inside of a turn the foot will often turn more than the body, in which case the 'Body turns less' term is used
    • Exception: the action of the man's Heel Pull between 4 & 5 of the Natural Turn with Hesitation causes the lady to make the same amount of turn as the man even though she is on the outside of the turn
    • Exception: When dancing 4 - 6 of the Natural Spin Turn (and Natural or Reverse Pivot) the amount of turn for man and lady is the same
  239. Rise and Fall
    • Rise is the increased elevation created by body and leg swing usually accompanied by the raising of the heel or heels from the floor
    • Fall is the lowering of the supporting foot from the toe to the heel and the flexing of the knees as the next step is taken
  240. NO FOOT RISE
    • This is when the rise is felt through the legs and body but when stepping back no rise occurs in the supporting foot
    • When a side step follows NFR, the supporting foot will be flat and when full weight is taken on step 2 the heel of step one will be released from the floor
  241. Types of Rise
    • Eg 1-3 Natural Turn Man: Start to rise end of 1; Continue to rise on 2; Continue to rise on 3, lower end of 3 (feet close on 3)
    • Eg Man's Whisk: Start to rise end of 1; Continue to rise on 2; Up on 3, lower end of 3 (feet not closed on 3)
    • Eg Lady's Chasse from PP: Start to rise end of 1; Continue to rise on 2, Continue to rise on 3; Up on 4, lower end of 4 (feet close on 3)
    • Other type of rise are included in the charts
  242. Footwork
    • Describes the working part, or parts, of the foot in contact with the floor during a step
    • A step forward with rise or a turn is given as Heel Toe (HT) whereas without just given as Heel (H) although the toe does lower
    • Backward walks normally given as TH with the front foot drawn back with the H in contact. The H is not working and is therefore not given unless dancing Heel Turn or Heel Pull
    • When a side step follows a backward step the backward step is given as TH and will end flat; the T will not be released when the side step is taken
  243. Sway
    • The natural inclination of the body, left or right, from the ankles upward
    • Use to assist balance and turn and may be used for effect
    • The principle of sway is to incline the body toward the inside of a turn
    • Sway may be used over 1 or 2 steps
    • Some figures have no sway
    • The sway used on 4-5 of Natuarl Turn with Hesitation is felt from the waist and is known as Broken Sway
  244. Poise
    • Man's: .
    • Stand in natural, upright position
    • Body weight is forward over the balls of the feet with feet flat and the body is inclined forward from the ankles
    • Knees are slightly flexed
    • Body is braced at the waist with no tension in the chest and shoulders level
    • Lady's: .
    • as man's but, the upper body is poised slightly backward from the waist
    • This backward poise is not over exaggerated
  245. Balance
    the correct distribution of the weight over the foot or feet when moving or stationary
  246. Ballroom Hold
    • Achieve correct balance and poise
    • Man's Right hand is placed just under the Lady's Left shoulder blade with his arm sloping slightly down from the shoulder to elbow and onto the hand, fingers are neatly grouped
    • Man's Left arm slopes down from the shoulder then up from the elbow, the wrist is straight and the hand is held diagonally toward the floor.
    • Lady's Right hand is joined to the Man's Right between his thumb and forefinger with her Right arm sloping gently down from the shoulder then up from the elbow to the hand
    • Man and Lady close their fingers over the others' hand.
    • The Lady is positionsed slightly to the Man's Right side
    • Lady's Left Hand is positioned on the Man's Right arm with fingers neatly grouped just below his Right shoulder
    • The hold may be adjusted to accomodate different heights
  247. Forward Walk
    • (RF Walk is described)
    • Achieve correct poise and balance and take the full weight onto the Left foot; knees are slightly flexed
    • The body (core) starts to move first
    • Further flex the Right knee and swing the Right leg forward from the hip
    • Keep first the ball of the foot, then the heel in contact with the floor, at the same time releasing the Left heel
    • At the full length of stride, the weight is momentarily felt between the heel of the Right foot, with straight knee and the ball of the Left foot, with knee slightly flexed
    • With the body continuing to move, immediately lower the toe of the Right foot to end with the foot flat
    • Bring the Left foot forward, with slight pressure on the ball of the foot to pass the Right foot and repeat the walking action decribed
    • For the Lady, the action is as described except that the Man will be leading and in control throughout
  248. Backward walk
    • (LF walk is described)
    • Achieve correct poise and balance and take the full weight onto the Right foot; knees are slightly flexed; release the heel of the Left foot
    • Swing the left leg back, from the hip, with first the ball then toe of the Left foot in contact with the floor, releasing the Right toe
    • Lower onto the ball of the Left foot so that at the full length of the stride, the weight is momentarily felt between the ball of the Left foot, with knee slightly flexed and the heel of the Right foot, with straight knee
    • Continue to move backward with the heel of the Right foot in contact with the floor, slowly lowering to the Left heel
    • When the Right foot is level with the Left, the ball of the Right foot will be in contact with the floor
    • As the Right foot passes the Left, the heel of the Left foot will complete the lowering, ready to repeat the action described.
    • For the Lady, the action is as described except that the Man will be leading and in control throughout
  249. Heel Turn
    • This is the inside action of an Open Turn, with the feet closed on step 2 with a transferrance of weight
    • Right foot back, starting to turn to the Left
    • The turn will start on the ball of the Right foot, the heel will then lower and the remaining turn will continue on the heel with the foot flat
    • A body rise will be felt
    • The Left foot will be drawn back with the heel in contact with the floor
    • When the Left foot closes to the Right, the feet will be flat and parallel
    • A weight change will be made to the Left foot at then end of the turn
    • The Heel turns of a Natural Turn are the same except they start Left foot back and turn to the Right
  250. Heel Pull
    • Left foot back, turning to the right on the heel of the Left foot with the foot flat
    • As the turn is made on the Left foot, the Right foot is pulled back with the heel in contact with the floor
    • Turn ends with the Right foot to the side, feet parallel
  251. Closed Turn
    A turn when the feet are closed on the 3rd step with a change of weight
  252. Open Turn
    A turn when the feet are open on the 3rd step
  253. Brush Step
    The action of the foot moving from an open position to another open position closing to, or toward the supporting foot without transferrance of weight
  254. Natural Pivot
    A turn to the Right in the ball of the Left foot with the Right foot held in CBMP
  255. Pivoting Action
    • The counterpart of the Natural Pivot
    • A turn made to the Right on the Ball of the Right foot
    • The Left foot is not held in CBMP
  256. Closed Telemark, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  257. Closed Telemark, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot side and slightly forward
  258. Closed Telemark, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  259. Closed Telemark, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DC
    • Step 2: Backing almost LoD
    • Step 3: Pointing DW
  260. Closed Telemark, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • Just under 3/8 L between Steps 1 and 2
    • Just over 3/8 L between Steps 2 and 3, Body turns less
  261. Closed Telemark, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  262. Closed Telemark, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  263. Closed Telemark, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
  264. Closed Telemark, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closes to RF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
  265. Closed Telemark, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  266. Closed Telemark, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DC
    • Step 2: Facing LoD
    • Step 3: Backing DW
  267. Closed Telemark, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • 3/8 turn between 2 & 3, body turns less
  268. Closed Telemark, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  269. Closed Telemark, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  270. Closed Telemark, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
  271. Closed Telemark, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • RF Closed Change
    • Natural Turn with Hesitation
    • 4-6 of Reverse Turn after Underturned Natural Spin Turn,
    • Licentiate: .
    • Reverse Pivot
    • when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Wing
    • Fellow: .
    • Double Reverse Spin
    • when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Closed Wing
  272. Closed Telemark, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • RF forward in CBMP outside partner to:
    • Natural Turn
    • Natural Spin Turn
    • Underturned Natural Spin Turn
    • Natural Turn with Hesitation
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: .
    • Running Spin Turn
    • Left Whisk (count 1)
  273. Closed Telemark, Note
    The unusual amount of turn for the man - slightly under 3/8 L S1-2 and slightly over 3/8 L S2-3 (body turns less)
  274. Open Telemark, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  275. Open Telemark, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot side and slightly forward in PP
  276. Open Telemark, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  277. Open Telemark, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DC
    • Step 2: Backing almost DW
    • Step 3: Pointing DW, Body Facing Wall
  278. Open Telemark, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • 1/4 L between Steps 1 and 2
    • 1/2 L between Steps 2 and 3, Body turns less
  279. Open Telemark, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  280. Open Telemark, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  281. Open Telemark, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
  282. Open Telemark, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closes to RF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot Diagonally Forward, Right Side Leading in PP
  283. Open Telemark, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  284. Open Telemark, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DC
    • Step 2: Facing LoD
    • Step 3: Pointing LoD
  285. Open Telemark, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • Slight body turn to L on 3
  286. Open Telemark, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  287. Open Telemark, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  288. Open Telemark, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
  289. Open Telemark, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • RF Closed Change
    • Natural Turn with Hesitation
    • 4-6 of Reverse Turn after Underturned Natural Spin Turn,
    • Licentiate: .
    • Reverse Pivot
    • when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Wing
    • Fellow: .
    • Double Reverse Spin
    • when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Closed Wing
  290. Open Telemark, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • Chasse from PP
    • Licentiate: .
    • Cross Hesitation
    • Fellow: .
    • Left Whisk
    • Fallaway Natural Turn
  291. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  292. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot side and slightly back in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot Forward and Across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: LEFT foot starts to close to right foot
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closes to right foot without weight
  293. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel
    • Step 5 & 6: Pressure on Toe of RF with foot flat and pressure on inside edge of Toe of LF
  294. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DC
    • Step 2: Backing DW
    • Step 3: Pointing DW, Body Facing Wall
    • Step 4: Pointing LoD
    • Step 5: Towards alighnment of 6
    • Step 6: Facing DC
  295. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • 1/4 L between Steps 1 and 2
    • 1/2 L between Steps 2 and 3, Body turns less
    • 1/8 L between Steps 3 and 4
    • Body turn to L on Step 5
    • 1/8 Left between steps 5 and 6
  296. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Slight rise between 5 and 6, NO FOOT RISE
  297. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  298. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
  299. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closes to RF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot Forward and slightly to R, Right Side Leading in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot Forward in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot Forward preparing to step outside partner on Left side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot Forward in CBMP outside partner on Left side
  300. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  301. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DC
    • Step 2: Facing LoD
    • Step 3: Pointing LoD
    • Step 4: Facing DC
    • Step 5: Facing Centre
    • Step 6: Facing Against LoD
  302. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • Slight body turn to L on 3
    • 1/8 between steps 3 and 4
    • 1/8 between 4 and 5
    • 1/4 between 5 and 6
  303. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Up on 6, Lower end of 6
  304. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Lady's CBM
    Steps 1 and 4
  305. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Left
    • Step 6: Left
  306. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Precede
    • Associate: .
    • RF Closed Change
    • Natural Turn with Hesitation
    • 4-6 of Reverse Turn after Underturned Natural Spin Turn,
    • Licentiate: .
    • Reverse Pivot
    • when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Wing
    • Fellow: .
    • Double Reverse Spin
    • when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Closed Wing
  307. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • LF forward in CBMP outside partner on L - Reverse Turn; at a corner - Whisk
    • Licentiate: .
    • LF forward in CBMP outside partner on L
    • Closed Telemark
    • Open Telemark
    • Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation
    • Progressive Chasse to R
    • Fellow: .
    • Double Reverse Spin
  308. Open Telemark followed by Wing, Notes
    • Man: .
    • The wing may be underturned to end Facing LoD; there is no foot swivel between steps 5 and 6
    • Lady: .
    • Step 1 of the following figure will be taken Backing DC
    • there is no foot swivel on Step 3 of the Wing
    • Lady's head turned to Left on Step 6
  309. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  310. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot side and slightly forward in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot Forward in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: LEFT foot closes to right foot without weight
    • Step 6: Position Held
  311. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toes of both feet
    • Step 6: Toe Heel of RF
  312. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DC
    • Step 2: Backing DW
    • Step 3: Pointing DW, Body Facing Wall
    • Step 4: Pointing DW, Body Facing Wall
    • Step 5: Facing DW
    • Step 6: Backing DC against LoD
  313. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • 1/4 L between Steps 1 and 2
    • 1/2 L between Steps 2 and 3, Body turns less
    • No turn on 4
    • Slight body turn Left on Step 5
    • Slight body turn Left on Step 6
  314. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Rise end of 1
    • Up on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Continue to rise on 6, lower end of 6
  315. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  316. Open Telemark followed Cross Hesitation, Wing, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Right
    • Step 6: Right
  317. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closes to RF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot Diagonally Forward, Right Side Leading in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot Forward and across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closes to RF
  318. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  319. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DC
    • Step 2: Facing LoD
    • Step 3: Pointing LoD
    • Step 4: Moving DW, Pointing LoD
    • Step 5: Facing Centre
    • Step 6: Facing DC against LoD
  320. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 & 2
    • Slight body turn to Left on 3
    • Continue to turn Left on 4
    • 1/4 between 4 and 5
    • 1/8 between 5 and 6
  321. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Rise slightly end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4, start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Continue to rise on 6, Lower end of 6
  322. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's CBM
    Steps 1 and 4
  323. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Left
    • Step 6: Left
  324. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Precede
    • Associate: RF Closed Change, Natural Turn with Hesitation, 4-6 of Reverse Turn after Underturned Natural Spin Turn,
    • Licentiate: Reverse Pivot, when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Wing
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin, when starting this figure as Man LF Forward in CBMP Outside Partner on L side, Closed Wing
  325. Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Follow
    • All follows commence with LF back in CBMP
    • Associate: Back Whisk; Outside Change at a corner
    • Licentiate: Outside Spin
    • Fellow: none noted
  326. Open Impetus Turn, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  327. Open Impetus Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closes to LF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: LEFT foot diagonally forward, Left side leading in PP
  328. Open Impetus Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  329. Open Impetus Turn, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing LoD
    • Step 2: Facing DC
    • Step 3: Pointing DC, Body Facing LoD
  330. Open Impetus Turn, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 between steps 1 and 2
    • Slight body turn to R on 3
  331. Open Impetus Turn, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  332. Open Impetus Turn, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  333. Open Impetus Turn, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
  334. Open Impetus Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side then RF brushes to LF
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side in PP
  335. Open Impetus Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  336. Open Impetus Turn, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing LoD
    • Step 2: Backing DC
    • Step 3: Moving DC, Pointing Centre
  337. Open Impetus Turn, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 and 2
    • 3/8 between 2 and 3, body turns less
  338. Open Impetus Turn, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
  339. Open Impetus Turn, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  340. Open Impetus Turn, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
  341. Open Impetus Turn, Precede
    • Associate: 1-3 Natural Turn
    • Licentiate: if started Backing DW - Progessive Chasse R, Backward Lockstep
    • Fellow:
  342. Open Impetus Turn, Follow
    • Associate: Chasse from PP
    • Licentiate: Wing, Weave, Cross Hesitation
    • Fellow: .
  343. Open Impetus Turn: Notes
    • 1: this figure may start Backing DW making a 1/4 turn
    • 2: Alternative Sway - Man to R and Lady to L on Step 2
    • 3: this figure may be danced at a corner, making 1/4 or 3/8 turn as man
  344. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  345. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closes to LF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: LEFT foot diagonally forward, Left side leading in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot Forward in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: LEFT foot closes toward RF
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closes to RF without weight
  346. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel
    • Step 5 & 6: Whole of RF pressure on Inside Edge of Toe of LF
  347. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing LoD
    • Step 2: Facing DC
    • Step 3: Pointing DC, Body Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Pointing DC, Body Facing LoD
    • Step 5: Facing DC
    • Step 6: Facing DC
  348. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 between steps 1 and 2
    • Slight body turn to R on 3
    • Step 4: No turn on 4
    • Step 5: Slight body turn to L on 5
    • Step 6: Slight body turn to L on 6
  349. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Down on 4
    • Slight rise between 5 and 6, NO FOOT RISE
  350. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  351. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
  352. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side then RF brushes to LF
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward and across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side preparing to step outside partner on L side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot forward in CBMP outside partner on partner's L side
  353. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  354. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing LoD
    • Step 2: Backing DC
    • Step 3: Moving DC, Pointing Centre
    • Step 4: Moving DC, Pointing Centre
    • Step 5: Facing DC against LoD
    • Step 6: Facing DW against Lod
  355. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 and 2
    • 3/8 between 2 and 3, body turns less
    • Start to turn L on 4
    • 1/8 between 4 and 5
    • 1/4 between 5 and 6
  356. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Step 4: Start to rise end of 4
    • Step 5: Continue to rise on 5
    • Step 6: Up on 6, Lower end of 6
  357. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Lady's CBM
    Steps 1 and 4
  358. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Left
    • Step 6: Left
  359. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Precede
    • Associate: 1-3 Natural Turn
    • Licentiate: if started Backing DW, S1 as man LF BACK in CBMP - Progessive Chasse R, Backward Lockstep
    • Fellow: .
  360. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Follow
    • Associate: .
    • LF forward in CBMP outside partner on L - Reverse Turn
    • Licentiate: .
    • LF forward in CBMP outside partner on L - Closed Telemark, Open Telemark
    • Open Telemark followed by Cross Hesitation, Progressive Chasse to R
    • Fellow: .
    • Double Reverse Spin
  361. Open Impetus Turn followed by Wing, Notes
    Lady's head turned to Left on Step 6
  362. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
  363. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closes to LF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: LEFT foot diagonally forward, Left side leading in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot Forward and Across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: LEFT foot closes to RF without weight
    • Step 6: Position held
  364. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toes of Both Feet
    • Step 6: Toe Heel of Right Foot
  365. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing LoD
    • Step 2: Facing DC
    • Step 3: Pointing DC, Body Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Pointing C, Body Facing DC
    • Step 5: Backing DW
    • Step 6: Backing DW
  366. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 between steps 1 and 2
    • Slight body turn to R on 3
    • 1/8 Left between 3 and 4
    • 1/8 on 5
    • No turn on 6
  367. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Start to Rise end of 4
    • Continue to Rise on 5
    • Continue to rise on 6, Lower at the end of 6
  368. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  369. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Right
    • Step 6: Right
  370. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side then RF brushes to LF
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 6: LEFT foot closes to Right Foot
  371. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
  372. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing LoD
    • Step 2: Backing DC
    • Step 3: Moving DC, Pointing Centre
    • Step 4: Facing DC against LoD
    • Step 5: Facing Wall
    • Step 6: Facing DW
  373. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 and 2
    • 3/8 between 2 and 3, body turns less
    • 1/8 between 3 and 4
    • 3/8 between 4 and 5
    • 1/8 between 5 and 6
  374. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Step 4: Start to rise end of 4
    • Step 5: Continue to rise on 5
    • Step 6: Continue to rise on 6, Lower end of 6
  375. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's CBM
    Steps 1 and 4
  376. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Left
    • Step 6: Left
  377. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Precede
    • Associate: 1-3 Natural Turn
    • Licentiate: if started Backing DW, S1 as man LF BACK in CBMP - Progessive Chasse R, Backward Lockstep
    • Fellow: .
  378. Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation, Follow
    • All follows as man: step 1 LF back in CBMP
    • Associate: .
    • 4-6 Natural Turn, Back Whisk
    • Licentiate: .
    • Open Impetus Turn, Underturned Outside Spin, Backward Lockstep
    • Fellow: .
    • .
    • Note: Follow at a corner can be Back Whisk with or without Turn
  379. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 7: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 8: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 9: 3 - 1 beat
  380. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closes to LF (heel turn)
    • Step 3: LEFT foot diagonally forward, Left side leading in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot Forward CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: LEFT Forward
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot to sode and slightly back
    • Step 7: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 9: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
  381. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
    • Step 7: Toe Heel
    • Step 8: Toe
    • Step 9: Toe Heel
  382. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing LoD
    • Step 2: Facing DC
    • Step 3: Pointing DC, Body Facing LoD
    • Step 4: Pointing DC, Body Facing LoD
    • Step 5: Facing DC
    • Step 6: Backing DW
    • Step 7: Backing LoD
    • Step 8: Backing LoD
    • Step 9: Pointing DW
  383. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 between steps 1 and 2
    • Slight body turn to R on 3
    • No Turn on 4
    • Start to turn L on 5
    • 1/4 between 5 and 6
    • 1/8 between 6 and 7
    • Continue to turn L on 8
    • 3/8 between 8 and 9, Body turns less
  384. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Start to Rise end of 4
    • Continue to Rise on 5
    • Up on 6, Lower at the end of 6
    • Down on 7, start to rise end of 7 NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 8
    • Up on 9, Lower at the end of 9
  385. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Men's CBM
    Step 1, 5 and 8
  386. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
    • Step 7: Straight
    • Step 8: Straight
    • Step 9: Straight
  387. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side then RF brushes to LF
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward and across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
    • Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP oustside partner
    • Step 8: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 9: RIGHT foot to side nd slightly back
  388. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
    • Step 7: Heel Toe
    • Step 8: Toe
    • Step 9: Toe Heel
  389. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing LoD
    • Step 2: Backing DC
    • Step 3: Moving DC, Pointing Centre
    • Step 4: Moving DC, Pointing Centre
    • Step 5: Backing DC
    • Step 6: Pointing LoD
    • Step 7: Facing LoD
    • Step 8: Facing LoD
    • Step 9: Backing DW
  390. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn R on 1
    • 3/8 turn between 1 and 2
    • 3/8 between 2 and 3, body turns less
    • Start to turn Left on 4
    • 3/8 between 4 and 5
    • 3/8 between 5 and 6
    • No turn on 7
    • Continue to turn Left on 8
    • 3/8 between 8 and 9, body turns less
  391. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3. Lower end of 3
    • Start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Up on 6, Lower end of 6
    • Down on 7, start to rise end of 7
    • Continue to rise on 8
    • Up on 9, Lower end of 9
  392. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Lady's CBM
    Steps 1, 4 and 8
  393. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
    • Step 7: Straight
    • Step 8: Straight
    • Step 9: Straight
  394. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Precede
    • Associate: 1-3 Natural Turn
    • Licentiate: if started Backing DW, S1 as man LF BACK in CBMP - Progessive Chasse R, Backward Lockstep
    • Fellow:
  395. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Follow
    • RF forward in CBMP ouside partner into:
    • Associate: .
    • Natural Turn, Natural Spin Turn, Natural Turn with Hesitation, Underturned Natural Spin Turn
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: .
    • Running Spin Turn. Left Whisk (count 1)
  396. Open Impetus Turn followed by Weave, Notes
    • 1: More turn may be made between steps 4-6; step 7 would then be taken DC
    • 2: This figure may end in PP
  397. Whisk followed by Weave, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 5: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 6: 3 - 1 beat
    • Step 7: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 8: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 9: 3 - 1 beat
  398. Whisk followed by Weave, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot diagonally forward, right side leading
    • Step 3: LEFT foot crosses behind RF in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot Forward and across in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: LEFT Forward
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
    • Step 7: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 9: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
  399. Whisk followed by Weave, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
    • Step 7: Toe Heel
    • Step 8: Toe
    • Step 9: Toe Heel
  400. Whisk followed by Weave, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DW
    • Step 2: Facing LoD
    • Step 3: Facing DC
    • Step 4: Pointing Centre, Body Facing DC
    • Step 5: Facing Centre
    • Step 6: Backing LoD
    • Step 7: Backing DC
    • Step 8: Backing DC
    • Step 9: Pointing DW
  401. Whisk followed by Weave, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn L on 1
    • 1/8 between steps 1 and 2
    • 1/8 between 2 and 3
    • 1/8 between 3 and 4, body turns less
    • Body turns L on 5
    • 1/4 between 5 and 6
    • 1/8 between 6 and 7
    • Continue to turn L on 8
    • 1/4 between 8 and 9, Body turns less
  402. Whisk followed by Weave, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Contnue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Start to Rise end of 4
    • Continue to Rise on 5
    • Up on 6, Lower at the end of 6
    • Down on 7, start to rise end of 7 NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 8
    • Up on 9, Lower at the end of 9
  403. Whisk followed by Weave, Men's CBM
    Step 1, 5 and 8
  404. Whisk followed by Weave, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Left
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
    • Step 7: Straight
    • Step 8: Straight
    • Step 9: Straight
  405. Whisk followed by Weave, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot back, left side leading
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot crosses behind LF in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward in CBMP and PP
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
    • Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP oustside partner
    • Step 8: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 9: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
  406. Whisk followed by Weave, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
    • Step 4: Heel Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Toe Heel
    • Step 7: Heel Toe
    • Step 8: Toe
    • Step 9: Toe Heel
  407. Whisk followed by Weave, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DW
    • Step 2: Backing Dw
    • Step 3: Facing DC against LoD
    • Step 4: Facing DC against LoD
    • Step 5: Backing DC
    • Step 6: Pointing DC
    • Step 7: Facing DC
    • Step 8: Facing DC
    • Step 9: Backing DW
  408. Whisk followed by Weave, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • No turn on 1
    • No turn on 2
    • No turn on 3
    • Start to turn Left on 4
    • 1/4 between 4 and 5
    • 1/2 between 5 and 6, body turn less
    • No turn on 7
    • Continue to turn Left on 8
    • 1/4 between 8 and 9, body turns less
  409. Whisk followed by Weave, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
    • Start to rise end of 4
    • Continue to rise on 5
    • Up on 6, Lower end of 6
    • Down on 7, start to rise end of 7
    • Continue to rise on 8
    • Up on 9, Lower end of 9
  410. Whisk followed by Weave, Lady's CBM
    Steps 1, 4 and 8
  411. Whisk followed by Weave, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Right
    • Step 4: Straight
    • Step 5: Straight
    • Step 6: Straight
    • Step 7: Straight
    • Step 8: Straight
    • Step 9: Straight
  412. Whisk followed by Weave, Precede
    • Associate: Reverse Turn, 4-6 Reverse Turn at a Corner, 4-6 Reverse Turn after Underturned Natural Spin Turn at a Corner, Natural Turn with Hesitation at a Corner
    • Licentiate: Reverse Pivot, Wing when ended DW of new LoD, step 1 will be LF in CBMP outside partner on Left side
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin
  413. Whisk followed by Weave, Follow
    • RF forward in CBMP ouside partner into:
    • Associate: .
    • Natural Turn, Natural Spin Turn, Natural Turn with Hesitation, Underturned Natural Spin Turn
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: .
    • Running Spin Turn. Left Whisk (count 1)
  414. Whisk followed by Weave, Notes
    • 1: Less turn may be made between steps 4-6; step 7 would then be taken down LoD
    • 2: This figure may end in PP
  415. Underturned Outside Spin, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 3: 3 - 1 beat
  416. Underturned Outside Spin, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back, A VERY SMALL STEP in CBMP, RF held in CBMP (Pivot)
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
  417. Underturned Outside Spin, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Heel Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  418. Underturned Outside Spin, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: DW Toe turned in, End facing LoD
    • Step 2: Facing LoD
    • Step 3: Backing DC
  419. Underturned Outside Spin, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right, 3/8 to Right on 1
    • Continue to turn R on 2
    • 3/8 between 2 and 3
  420. Underturned Outside Spin, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Down on 1
    • Down on 2, Rise end of 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  421. Underturned Outside Spin, Men's CBM
    Step 1 and 2
  422. Underturned Outside Spin, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Straight
    • Step 3: Straight
  423. Underturned Outside Spin, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closes to RF
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot diagonally forward
  424. Underturned Outside Spin, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe Heel
  425. Underturned Outside Spin, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DW
    • Step 2: Facing DC against LoD
    • Step 3: Facing DC
  426. Underturned Outside Spin, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Right on 1
    • 1/2 between 1 and 2
    • 1/4 between 2 and 3
  427. Underturned Outside Spin, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Up on 3, Lower end of 3
  428. Underturned Outside Spin, Lady's CBM
    Steps 1
  429. Underturned Outside Spin, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Straight
    • Step 3: Straight
  430. Underturned Outside Spin, Precede
    • Associate:
    • Licentiate: Progressive Chasse to Right, Backward Lock Step, , Reverse Corte making 1/2 turn after Underturned Natural Spin Turn, Open Impetus Turn followed by Cross Hesitation
    • Fellow: Turning Lock to Right followed by Cross Hesitation, Left Whisk then untwist to R
  431. Underturned Outside Spin, Follow
    • Associate: 4-6 Reverse Turn end Facing DW or LoD, Reverse Corte
    • Licentiate: Turning Lock to the Lefy, Reverse Pivot
    • Fellow: when overturned to end backing almost LoD, Turning Lock to Right
  432. Turning Lock to Left, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1/2 beat
    • Step 2: & - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: 2 - 1 beat
    • Step 4: 3 - 1 beat
  433. Turning Lock to Left, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back, Right Side Leading
    • Step 2: LEFT foot crosses in front of RF
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot back and slightly rightwards
    • Step 4: LEFT foor to side and slightly forward
  434. Turning Lock to Left, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  435. Turning Lock to Left, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DC
    • Step 2: Backing DC
    • Step 3: Backing DC
    • Step 4: Pointing DW
  436. Turning Lock to Left, Men's Amount of Turn
    • No turn on 1 or 2
    • Start to turn Left on 3
    • 1/4 turn between 3 and 4, body turne less
  437. Turning Lock to Left, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
  438. Turning Lock to Left, Men's CBM
    None
  439. Turning Lock to Left, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Left
    • Step 2: Left
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
  440. Turning Lock to Left, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward, Left side leading
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot crosses behind LF
    • Step 3: LEFT footforward and slightly leftwards
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
  441. Turning Lock to Left, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  442. Turning Lock to Left, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DC
    • Step 2: Facing DC
    • Step 3: Facing DC
    • Step 4: Backing DW
  443. Turning Lock to Left, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • No turn on 1 or 3
    • Start to turn Left on 3
    • 1/4 between 3 and 4, body turns less
  444. Turning Lock to Left, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
  445. Turning Lock to Left, Lady's CBM
    None
  446. Turning Lock to Left, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Right
    • Step 2: Right
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
  447. Turning Lock to Left, Precede
    • Associate: Natural Spin Turn, at a corner. Unerturned Natural Spin Turn
    • Licentiate: Underturned Outsie Spin
    • Fellow: .
  448. Turning Lock to Left, Follow
    • Right foot forward in CBMP outside partner into
    • Associate: .
    • Natural Turn, Natural Spin Turn, Natural Turn with Hesitation, Underturned Natural Spin Turn
    • Licentiate: .
    • Fellow: .
    • Running Spin Turn, Left Whisk (count 1)
  449. Turning Lock to Left, Notes
    • 1: Lady's head may be turned to the Right on step 1
    • 2: This figure may end in PP
    • 3: This figure may start Backing DC against LoD after Underturned Natural Spin Turn followed with Closed Wing
  450. Reverse Pivot, Timing & Beat Value
    Step 1: & - 1/2 beat
  451. Reverse Pivot, Men's Foot Positions
    Step 1: RIGHT foot back in CBMP, SMALL STEP, with LF held in CBMP
  452. Reverse Pivot, Men's Footwork
    Step 1: Toe Heel Toe
  453. Reverse Pivot, Men's Alignment
    Step 1: DC Toe turned in, End Facing DW, LoD or DC
  454. Reverse Pivot, Men's Amount of Turn
    • 1/8 to Left between preceding step and 1
    • Continue for a further 1/8, 1/4 or 3/8
  455. Reverse Pivot, Men's Rise and Fall
    Step 1: Down
  456. Reverse Pivot, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  457. Reverse Pivot, Men's Sway
    Step 1: Straight
  458. Reverse Pivot, Lady's Foot Positions
    Step 1: LEFT foot forward in CBMP, SMALL STEP, with RF held in CBMP
  459. Reverse Pivot, Lady's Footwork
    Step 1: Toe Heel
  460. Reverse Pivot, Lady's Alignment
    Step 1: DC, end Backing DW, LoD, or DC
  461. Reverse Pivot, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • 1/8 to Left between preceding step and 1
    • Continue for a further 1/8, 1/4 or 3/8
  462. Reverse Pivot, Lady's Rise and Fall
    Step 1: Down
  463. Reverse Pivot, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  464. Reverse Pivot, Lady's Sway
    Step 1: Straight
  465. Reverse Pivot, Precede
    • Associate: 1-3 Reverse Turn, Natural Spin Turn, Underturned Nartural Spin Turn
    • Licentiate: Underturned Outsie Spin
    • Fellow:
    • The alignment as Man will be: To Centre Toe Turned in, End DW, LoD or DC
  466. Reverse Pivot, Follow
    • When ending Facing DW: Associate - Whisk, Licentiate - N/A, Fellow - Double Reverse Spin
    • When ending Facing LoD: Associate - N/A, Licentiate - Progressive Chasse to Right, Fellow - Double Reverse Spin
    • When ending Facing DC: Associate - Reverse Turn, Licentiate - Progressive Chasse to Right, Closed Telemark, Open Telemark, Fellow - Double Reverse Spin
  467. Reverse Pivot, Notes
    1: Lady's footwork is Toe on the step preceding the Reverse Pivot
  468. Progressive Chasse to Right, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: & - 1/2 beat
    • Step 4: 3 - 1 beat
  469. Progressive Chasse to Right, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closes to RF
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
  470. Progressive Chasse to Right, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  471. Progressive Chasse to Right, Men's Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DC
    • Step 2: Backing Wall
    • Step 3: Backing DW
    • Step 4: Backing DW
  472. Progressive Chasse to Right, Men's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/8 between 1 and 2
    • 1/8 between 2 and 3
    • No turn on 4
  473. Progressive Chasse to Right, Men's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
  474. Progressive Chasse to Right, Men's CBM
    Step 1
  475. Progressive Chasse to Right, Men's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Straight
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
  476. Progressive Chasse to Right, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closes to LF
    • Step 4: LEFT foot to side and slightly forward
  477. Progressive Chasse to Right, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  478. Progressive Chasse to Right, Lady's Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DC
    • Step 2: Pointing DW
    • Step 3: Facing DW
    • Step 4: Facing DW
  479. Progressive Chasse to Right, Lady's Amount of Turn
    • Start to turn Left on 1
    • 1/4 between 1 and 2, body turns less
    • Slight body turn on 3
    • No turn on 4
  480. Progressive Chasse to Right, Lady's Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
  481. Progressive Chasse to Right, Lady's CBM
    Step 1
  482. Progressive Chasse to Right, Lady's Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Straight
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
  483. Progressive Chasse to Right, Precede
    • Associate: RF Closed Change, Natural Turn with Hesitation, 4-6 Reverse Turn ended DC or LoD
    • Licentiate: Reverse Pivot, When started Step 1 as Man LF forward in CBMP outside partner - Wing
    • Fellow: Double Reverse Spin, When started Step 1 as Man LF forward in CBMP outside partner - Closed Wing
  484. Progressive Chasse to Right, Follow
    • Associate: 4-6 Natural Turn, 4-6 Natural Turn with Hesitation, Back Whisk (with or without turn)
    • Licentiate: Open Impetus Turn, Underturned Outside Spin, Backward Lock Step
    • Fellow:
  485. Progressive Chasse to Right, Other amounts of turn
    • Man 1: 3/8 = 1/4 between 1 & 2 + 1/8 between 2 & 3 + no turn on 4
    • Man 2: 1/2 = 1/4 between 1 & 2 + 1/8 between 2 & 3 + 1/8 end of 4
    • Lady 1: 3/8 = 3/8 between 1 & 2, body turns less + slight body turn on step 3 + No turn on 4
    • Lady 2: 1/2 = 3/8 between 1 & 2, body turns less + body completes turn on step 3 + 1/8 between 3 & 4, body turns less
  486. Backward Lock Step, Timing & Beat Value
    • Step 1: 1 - 1 beat
    • Step 2: 2 - 1/2 beat
    • Step 3: & - 1/2 beat
    • Step 4: 3 - 1 beat
  487. Backward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back in CBMP
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot in front of RF
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back and slightly rightwards
  488. Backward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Footwork
    • Step 1: Toe Heel
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  489. Backward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Alignment
    • Step 1: Backing DW
    • Step 2: Backing DW
    • Step 3: Backing DW
    • Step 4: Backing DW
  490. Backward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Amount of Turn
    No turn
  491. Backward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1, NO FOOT RISE
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
  492. Backward Lock Step, Man & Lady - CBM
    none
  493. Backward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Straight
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
  494. Forward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward in CBMP outside partner
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward and slightly leftward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot crosses behind LF
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward and slightly leftward
  495. Forward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Toe
    • Step 2: Toe
    • Step 3: Toe
    • Step 4: Toe Heel
  496. Forward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Alignment
    • Step 1: Facing DW
    • Step 2: Facing DW
    • Step 3: Facing DW
    • Step 4: Facing DW
  497. Forward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Amount of Turn
    No turn
  498. Forward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Rise and Fall
    • Start to rise end of 1
    • Continue to rise on 2
    • Continue to rise on 3
    • Up on 4, Lower end of 4
  499. Forward Lock Step, Man & Lady - CBM
    None
  500. Forward Lock Step, Man & Lady - Sway
    • Step 1: Straight
    • Step 2: Straight
    • Step 3: Straight
    • Step 4: Straight
  501. Backward Lock Step, Precede
    • Associate: Reverse Corte (1/2 Turn)
    • Licentiate: Progressive Chasse to Right, Cross Hesitation
    • Fellow: .
  502. Backward Lock Step, Follow
    • Associate: 4-6 Natural Turn, 4-6 Natural Turn with Hesitation, Back Whisk (with or without turn)
    • Licentiate: Open Impetus Turn, Underturned Outside Spin
    • Fellow: .
  503. Backward Lock Step, Notes
    • 1: Body should be backing between Wall and DW throughout
    • 2: The heel will be drawn back incontact with the floor on steps 1-2
  504. Forward Lock Step, Notes
    Body should be facing between Wall and DW throughout
Author
DanceClub
ID
346005
Card Set
IDTA Theory - WALTZ
Description
IDTA Ballroom Theory Waltz
Updated