Chapter 3 - Abnormal Psychology

  1. What treatment is this ?

    Goal of treatments : Alter biology to relieve psychological distress

    Primary method : Diagnosis and medication 

    Role of therapist : active, directive, diagnostician 

    Length of treatment : brief with occasional follow up visits
    Biological treatment
  2. What kinda of treatment is this? 

    Goal: Gain insight into defenses/ unconscious motivations 

    Primary method : Interpretations of defenses 

    Role of therapist: passive, non directive, interpreter

    length of treatment : usually long term and some new short term treatment
    Psychodynamic treatment
  3. What treatment is this ? 

    Goal of treatment : Learn more adaptive behaviors/cognitions 

    Primary method : Instructions, guided learning, homework 

    Role of therapist : active, directive, nonjudgemental, teacher 

    Length of treatment : short term, with later "booster" sessions
    Cognitive-behavioral treatment
  4. What kind of treatment is this? 

    Goal: Increase emotional awareness 

    Primary method: Empathy, support, exploring emotions

    Role of therapist: passive, non directive, warm, supporter 

    Length of treatment: varies; length not typically structured
    Humanistic treatment
  5. Which therapy involves deliberately inducing a seizure by passing electricity through the brain? Approximately 100 volts of electric current is passed through a patient's brain in order to cause a convulsion.
    Electroconvulsive therapy
  6. Pills that are pharmacologically inert or they have no medicinal value.
  7. A recent study showed that the passage of time, a healing ritual, and the therapist client relationship all contributed to heightening the __________, the powerful healing produced by inert treatments.
    Placebo effect
  8. What was indicated from the recording of therapy sessions with Carl Rogers, the advocate of non directive therapy?
    That Rogers empathized more with certain types of statements and responded to his clients conditionally and thereby directed therapy subtly.
  9. How many people in the US get help for mental health issues and how many of people with a diagnosable mental disorder still do not receive treatment?
    • over one in 10 people get help 
    • two-thirds of people do not receive treatment
  10. What is the term used to describe efforts to improve the environment to prevent mental illness?
    Primary Prevention
  11. Which therapy emphasizes empirical evaluation, and uses various research-based techniques to help troubled clients lean new ways of thinking, acting, and feeling, and encourages collaborative therapist -client relationships, focus on the present, and direct efforts to change problems?
    Cognitive-behavior therapy
  12. What is the term for maintaining a distant stance towards the patient in order to minimize the therapist's personal influence?
    therapeutic neutrality
  13. What other are other names for the Antianxiety medication or tranquilizer, Benzodiazepines and triazolobenzodiazpine ?
    • Benzodiazepines 
    • Generic name : Diazepam
    • Trade Name : Valium 

    • Traizolobenzodiazpine 
    • Generic name : Alprazolam 
    • Trade name : Xanax
  14. What kind of therapy is described here- 

    Therapy where warmth, genuineness, and particularly empathy, and emotional understanding are necessary and sufficient for therapeutic change. There is appropriate therapist self- disclosure, revealing some personal feeling and experiences as a way of helping clients to better understand themselves. There is also demonstration of unconditional positive regard, valuing clients for who they re and not judging them, and non directive so clients can experience and accept themselves, being able to resolve their own problems.
    client-centered therapy
  15. What kind of therapy might include two, three, or more family members in a treatment designed to improve communication, negotiate conflicts, and change relationships and roles.
    Family Therapy
  16. What procedure is done to the brain to treat ocd and depression?
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Chapter 3 - Abnormal Psychology
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