Chapter 1 Exam - abnormal Psychology

  1. What mental disorders are the least prevalent?
    Schizophrenia, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa
  2. What mental disorder's prevalence is at 13%
    alcohol abuse
  3. Epidemology
    The scientific study of the frequency and distribution of disorders within a population. They are concerned with questions, such as whether the frequency  of a disorder has increased or decreased during a particular period, whether it is more common in one geographic area than in another, and whether certain types of people - based on gender , race, and socioeconomic status- are at greater risk than other types for development of the disorder.
  4. All of us can expect to encounter the challenges of ____________- either for ourselves or someone we love.
    a mental disorder
  5. Lifetime prevalence of a disorder is ...
    The total proportion of people in a given population who have been affected by the disorder at some point during their lives.
  6. Incidence
    An important term in epidemiological research meaning the number of new cases of a disorder that appear in a population during a specific period of time.
  7. Prevalence
    An important term for epidemiological research that refers to the total number of active cases, both old and new , that are present in a population during a specific period of time.
  8. What was the most prevalent type of disorder at 17%
  9. comorbidity
    The presence of more than one condition within the same period of time
  10. Culture
    The values, beliefs, and practices that are shared by a specific community or group of people. These values and beliefs have a profound influence on opinions regarding the difference between normal and abnormal.
  11. How does culture effect the understanding of mental disorders?
    The impact of particular behaviors and experiences on a person's adjustment depends on the culture in which the person lives. Jerome Wakefield says, "only dysfunction s that are socially disvalues are disorders."
  12. What is combined to measure disease burden?
    Mortality and disability.
  13. What are the research findings relative impact of medical illnesses and mental disorders?
    The disability produced by major depression is considered do be equivalent to that associated with blindness or paraplegia. A psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia leads to disability that is comparable to that associated with quadriplegia.
  14. What is a new prediction hypothesis?
    Experimental Hypothesis
  15. Failing to rejects the Null hypothesis means ...
    scientists are not obligated to prove that the assertion is false, because the null hypothesis holds until it is rejected.
  16. What is the publication for diagnosing mental disorders.
    DSM-5 aka Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder.
  17. What is the pattern of mental hospital growth?
    In the 1600 and 1700s, "insane asylums" were established to house the mentally disturbed. The rapid growth of large cities in the US which changed the economy. Lunatic asylums were created to serve heavily populated cities when families used to take care of their members. 

    In 1830 there were only four public mental hospitals in the US that housed a combined total of fewer than 200 patients.

    By 1880, there were 75 public mental hospitals, with a total population of more than 35,000 residents.
  18. What changes are likely in the future of the mental health profession?
    Reform is currently being driven by the influence of managed care or the way the services are financed. 

    There will always be a demand for people who are trained to help those suffering from abnormal behavior.
  19. Describe the Kevin Warrner Case Study.
    Kevin and Joyce Warner had been married for eight years when they sought help for their marriage problems. Kevin was 35 and his wife was pregnant. He was very eccentric, and was convicted he was poisoned. His speech was strange and he wouldn't do much work at his job. His wife had a hard time accepting that it might be a mental disorder.
  20. Describe Mary's case study.
    She was a 19 year old college student with erratic eating patterns. She ended up binging and purging very often. Her purging was hurting her digestive system. She had a throat infection and intense stomach pains. 

    It developed when she was 15 when she was involved with gymnastics. 

    She has characteristics of bulimia nervosa. This fit a description in the DSM-5 but also caused a dysfunction. 

    In comparison to Kevin, she was aware of her disorder and she entered psychological treatment.
  21. What mental illness did Abraham Lincoln suffer from? What does his story help us remember?
    He suffered with depression. This might be traced back to his his mother's death when he was 9 years old, along with many other losses. He lost two of his four sons. Heredity might have also played a role. 

    We must remember that cases studies are not conclusive. Lincoln's experience does not indicate conclusively whether the loss of a parent can increase a person's vulnerability to depression. It doesn't prove genetic factors are involved in the transmission of this disorder. This can only be resolved by scientific investigation. 

    It's risky to to draw general conclusion about a disorder from a single example.
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Chapter 1 Exam - abnormal Psychology
exam for chapter one in my abnormal Psychology