Aircraft approach category
- A. 90 & less
- B. 91 thru 120
- C. 121 thru 140
- D. 140 thru 165
- E. 166 & more
National airspace system
Standard Instrument Departure
Obstacle Departure Procedure
National Aeronautical Charting Office
Terminal Procedures Publications
Surface Movement Guidance and Control System.
Consist of a row of red undirectional, in-pavement lights installed along the holding position marking, they are required at runways with less than 600' RVR.
Taxiway centering light
Are green in pavement lights that guide ground traffic under low visibility conditions and during darkness
Runway guard lights
Either elevated or in pavement, will be installed at all taxiways that provide access to an active runway. They consist of alternately flashing yellow lights, used to denote both the presence of an active runway and indentify the location of a runway holding postion marking
Geographical position markings
Used as hold points or for position reporting. These check points or "pink spots" are outlined with a black and white circle and designated with a number or letter or both.
Consist of 3 yellow in pavement lights to denote holding positions for aircrafts. When used for hold points, they are co-located with geographic position markings.
If for any reason the pilot becomes uncertain as to the correct taxi route he should ask for
Progressive taxi instruction
Position reporting points
- 1. Identification
- 2. Position
- 3. Time
- 4. Altitude/Flight level
- 5. Name of next reporting point & time to be over it.
- 6. Following reporting point
- 7. Pertinent remarks if needed
Radio communication failure what do you squak
Maximum holding speeds
- 0 to 6000'. =. 200 kts
- 6,001 to 14,000 = 230 kts
- 14,001 & above =. 265 kts
Off Route Obstruction Clearance Altitude
Severe Weather Avoidance Plan
Computer Navigation Fixes
Navigation Reference System
Fl 180 & above RNAV routes
Below 18,000' RNAV Routes
Reporting points (ATC all times)
- 1. Vacating an assigned altitude for a knewly assigned one
- 2. Unable to climb or descend at least 500' per minute
- 3. A missed approach
- 4. Change in true airspeeds of 5% or 10 kts, whichever is greater from that filed in the flight plan.
- 5. Time and altitude reaching a holding fix or clearance limit.
- 6. Leaving a assigned holding fix.
- 7. Any loss of navigation or communications capability
- 8. Any hazardous weather encounter & safety to flight
The 4 basic parts to a holding fix.
- 1. The fix at which to hold
- 2. The course on which to hold
- 3. Direction that identifies the course
- 4. Time to expect further clearance.
When the designator for a VOR or a NDB has a W at the end what does that mean
VOR operate within what frequency range
108.0 to 117.95
ILS Frequency, lowest highest sequencing
108.1- 111.95. 1.1.5- .3,3.5- 5,5.5- .7,7.5- .9,9.5
ILS Critical Area, when is active
Ceiling visibility less then 800' & 2 miles or when told