Directional terms

  1. Superior or cranial
    Towards the head end of the body/upper
  2. Inferior or caudal
    Away from the head /lower
  3. Anterior or ventral
    Front/towards the front of the body
  4. Posterior or dorsal
    Towards the back of the body
  5. Medial
    Towrds the midline of the body (the medial line runs from top to bottom)
  6. Lateral
    further away from the midline of the body
  7. Proximal
    Towards or nearest to the trunk of the body or point of origin of a part/limb
  8. Distal
    Away from or furthest from the trunk or origin of a part/limb
  9. How many body planes are there
    3
  10. Sagittal plane also called the lateral plane
    • Vertical plane running from front to back.
    • divides the body or any of it's parts into right and left sides
  11. Axial plane also called the transverse plane
    • A horizontal planeĀ 
    • divides the body or any of it's parts into upper and lower parts
  12. Coronal plane also called the frontal plane
    • Vertical plane running from side to side
    • divides the body or any of it's parts into anterior and posterior portions
Author
NickySimp
ID
345225
Card Set
Directional terms
Description
Directional medical terminology
Updated