Medication Categories

  1. What are ACLS meds
    • advanced cardiac life support
    • used during cardiac resuscitation efforts
  2. 6 ACLS meds?
    • Atropine
    • Dopamine
    • Epinephrine (adrenalin)
    • Norepinephrine (Levophed)
    • Sodium bicarbonate
    • Vasopressin
  3. What are analgesics?
    used to alleviate pain
  4. 6 narcotic analgesics?
    • Dilaudid (hydropmorphone)
    • Fentanyl
    • Morphine
    • Percocet (oxycodone/acetaminophen)
    • Tramadol (ultram)
    • Vicodin (hydrocodone)
  5. 3 NSAID analgesics?
    • Ibuprofen (motrin)
    • Naproxin (naprosyn)
    • Toradol (Ketorolac)
  6. What are anti-arrhythmics?
    used for correcting abnormal rhythms in the heart
  7. 5 anti-arrhythmic medicines?
    • Adenosine (adenocard)
    • Amiodarone
    • Cardizem (diltiazem)
    • Magnesium Sulfate (mag sulfate)
    • Verapamil
  8. What are antibiotics?
    used to treat or protect against bacterial infections
  9. What are anticoagulants?
    used to thin the blood to decrease the likelihood of blood clots
  10. What are thrombolytics?
    dangerous meds that break apart clots that have already formed
  11. List 6 anti-coagulation/thrombolytic medications
    • Aspirin (ASA)
    • Coumadin (warfarin)
    • Heparin
    • Lovenox (Enoxaparin)
    • Plavix
    • tPA
  12. What are anticonvulsants?
    used the decrease the likelihood of seizures
  13. What is an antiemetic?
    used to reduce nausea and vomiting
  14. What are 4 antiemetics?
    • Droperidol (Inaspine)
    • Phenergan (Promethazine)
    • Reglan (Metoclopraminde)
    • Zofran (Ondansetron)
  15. What are antihistamines?
    used to reverse allergic reactions
  16. What is an example of an antihistamine?
    • Benadryl (Diphenhydramine)
    • Antivert (Meclazine)
  17. What are antihypoglycemics?
    used to increase blood glucose levels
  18. 1 example of antihypoglycemics?
    D50
  19. 2 examples of antihyperglycemics?
    • Regular Insulin
    • Lantus
  20. What are antihypertensives?
    used to decrease blood pressure
  21. What are 4 antihypertensives?
    • atenolol
    • clonidine (catapres)
    • Lopressor (metropolol)
    • Propanolol (Inderal)
  22. What are antipsychotics?
    used to decrease psychotic behavior
  23. What are 2 antipsychotics?
    • Haldol (Haloperidol)
    • Geodon
  24. What are anxiolytics?
    used to decrease feelings of anxiousness
  25. 4 anxiolytics?
    • Ativan (lorazepam)
    • Klonopin (Clonazepam)
    • Valium (Diazepam)
    • Xanax (Alprazolam)
  26. What are bronchodialators?
    used to dilate the airways and improve respiratory function
  27. 3 bronchodialators?
    • Albuterol
    • Atrovent
    • Xopenex
  28. What are corticosteroids?
    steroids used to decrease inflammation
  29. 3 examples of corticosteroids?
    • decadron
    • prednisone (prednisolone)
    • solumedrol
  30. What is a diuretic?
    used to remove water from the body by changing urine concentration
  31. Example of a diuretic?
    Lasix (Furosemide)
  32. What are GI meds used for?
    to ease gastrointestinal discomforts
  33. 6 examples of GI meds?
    • GI cocktail
    • Nexium
    • Pepcid
    • Prevacid
    • Prilosec
    • Protonix
  34. What are inductions agents used for?
    to induce anesthesia prior to a procedure that requires sedation
  35. 4 examples of induction agents?
    • Etomidate
    • Propofol (Diprivan)
    • Ketamine
    • Versed (Midazolam)
  36. What are local analgesics?
    used to numb a localized area of tissue, usually for wound repairs
  37. 3 examples of local analgesics?
    • Lidocaine (Xylocaine)
    • Marcaine (Bupivacaine or Sensorcaine)
    • Tetracine ophthalmic
  38. What are muscle relaxants?
    used to relax muscle tension or spasms
  39. 4 examples of muscle relaxants?
    • Flexeril
    • Norflex
    • Skelaxin
    • Valium (Diazepam)
  40. What is a narcotic antagonist?
    used to counteract opioid overdose
  41. 1 example of narcotic antagonist?
    Narcan
  42. What are neuromuscular blockers/paralytics?
    used to paralyze the muscles of the body, usually used to prepare the patient for intubation
  43. 4 examples of neuromuscular blockers/paralytics?
    • Succinylcholine (Sux)
    • Pancuronium
    • Rocuronium (Rock, Zemuron)
    • Vecuronium
  44. What is potassium used for?
    to treat hypokalemia (low potassium)
  45. What can be used to create hypokalemia?
    KCl (K-Dur)
  46. What are sedatives used for?
    to calm or mildly sedate the patient
  47. 6 examples of sedatives?
    • Ambien (Zolpidem)
    • Ativan (Lorazepam)
    • Bendaryl (Diphenhydramine)
    • Klonopin (Clonazepam)
    • Valium (Diazepam)
    • Versed (Midazolam)
    • Xanax (Alprazolam)
  48. What are vasodilators used for?
    to dilate blood vessels to improve blood flow
  49. 2 examples of vasodilators?
    • Nitropaste (Nitro-Dur)
    • Nitroglycerin (NTG)
  50. What are 2 medications used to treat vertigo/associated dizziness?
    • Antivert (Meclazine)
    • Valium (Diazepam)
  51. What can be used for corneal abrasions?
    Flouroscein
  52. What can be used for esophageal FB?
    Glucagon
  53. What can be used for elevated bilirubin?
    Lactulose
  54. What can be used for a burn?
    Silvadine
  55. What can be used for a skin tear?
    Tetanus diphtheria
Author
st2478
ID
345092
Card Set
Medication Categories
Description
medication categories
Updated