1. How many bones are in the human body?
  2. What are the functions of bones?
    • Support
    • To protect
    • Aid movement
    • Blood cell production
    • Energy storage
  3. What 5 types of bone are there?  Give an example of each.
    • Flat bones (eg sternum).
    • Lond bones (eg femur)
    • Sesamoid bones (eg patella)
    • Short bones (eg metatarsals)
    • Irregular bones (eg vertibrae)
  4. What is the tip of a long bone called?
  5. What is the main (central) section of a long bone called?
  6. What comprises the axial skeleton?
    • Skull
    • Ribs
    • Inner pelvis (sacrum)
  7. What bones comprise the appendicular skeleton?
    Any bones connected to the axial skelton
  8. Name the bones that make up the jaw
    Maxilla (top), mandible (bottom)
  9. What bone is at the front of the skull?
    Frontal bone
  10. Which bones make up the back of the skull?

    Parietal.  Occipital.  Sphenoid.  Temporal.
  11. Which bones make up the face?

    Lacrimal.  ethmoid.  Nasal.  Zygomatic.
  12. Name the bones in the spine, and how they are segregated.

    • Cervical x 7.
    • Thoracic x 12
    • Lumbar x 5
    • Sacral x 5
    • Coccygeal x 4
  13. The normal position of the spine is called...?
  14. Which vertebrae aid the diaphragm?
  15. What bones are in the arm?

    HINT - HUR
    Humerus. Ulna. Radius.
  16. What bones are in the hand?
    Carpal.  Metacarpal.  Phalanges.
  17. What bones are in the leg?

    HINT - FTF
    Femur.  Tibia.  Fibular.
  18. What bones are in the foot?
    Tarsal.  Metatarsal.  Phlanges.
  19. Where are your clavicle and scapular?
    Clavicle - neck.  Scapular - shoulder.
  20. What are the three types of ribs?
    True (7 pairs), false (3 pairs) and floating (2 pairs).
  21. What is the cavity in the knee called?
    The synovial cavity.
  22. What is the greater trochanter?
    On the femur.  It is a large irregular eminence at the top of the femur.
  23. What do joints do?
    Allow flexibility and movement of the skeleton, and allow attachment between bones.
  24. Name the 3 types of joints and describe them.
    Fibrous joint - is a permanent joint (eg in the skull).

    Cartilaginous joint - is a movable joint (eg in the spine).

    Synovial joint - have fluid in a capsule, and come in several types, such as ball and socket (eg hip and shoulder); hinge (eg elbow); pivot (eg atlas); gliding (eg carpals).
  25. Ligaments are between which 2 structures?
    They are bone-to-bone
  26. Tendons are between which 2 structures?
    Muscle and bone
  27. What are the 4 functions of skeletal muscle?
    • Body movement.
    • Stability of the body position.
    • Storage and movement of internal substances.
    • Generate heat.
  28. How are muscles contracted?
    Via white matter in the spinal cord, sending impulses to the muscles.
  29. Where do tendons and ligaments meet the bones?
    At insertion points.
Card Set
Revision card for musculoskeletal system