Micro of Endocarditis

  1. What are the 4 basic ingredients of a septic endocarditis vegetation?
    Bacterial components + fibrin, platelets, neutrophils
  2. What are the 5 leading agents of native valve endocarditis?
    • Staph aureus
    • Viridans streptococci
    • Enterococcus
    • CoNS (S. epidermidis)
    • Streptococcus gallolyticus
  3. What are the 2 leading agents of early prosthetic valve endocarditis?
    • Staph aureus
    • CoNS (S. epidermidis)
  4. What are the 2 leading agents of late prosthetic valve endocarditis?
    • Viridans streptococci
    • Staph aureus
  5. What is the usual pathogenesis of endocarditis?
    Predisposing cardiac lesion
  6. What are the most commonly affected valves in endocarditis?
    Mitral > aortic > tricuspid > pulmonary
  7. What are the symptoms of endocarditis?
    JR = NO FAME

    • Janeway lesions
    • Roth’s spots
    • Nail bed hemorrhage
    • Olser’s nodes
    • Fever
    • Anemia
    • Murmur
    • Emboli
  8. You use the _______________ to interpret the diagnostic results for endocarditis
    Duke criteria
  9. What are 3 explanations for negative culture results in endocarditis?
    • Previous administration of antibiotics
    • Obligate intracellular bacteria
    • Inadequate technique
  10. What is the leading agent causing endocarditis in IV drug users?
    Staph aureus
Author
stepha998
ID
344726
Card Set
Micro of Endocarditis
Description
ATSU
Updated