World Music Ch 3-4
How long or short a tone is
How loud or soft tones are
analogous to the actual sound quality or "tone color"
Four Basic Properties of Tone
A pause between notes
The medium-speed notes
The slower notes
Steady underlying pulse.
When there is more than one note per beat in a piece of music.
Each group of beats.
Number of beats in a measure defines the music's.
An accented note that falls between beats.
The rate at which the beats pass in music.
Does not have a discernible beat.
Particular sequence of pitches that unfolds.
Some combination of ascending and/or descending movement as the melody progresses from note to note.
Melodies in which there are numerous large "leaps" in pitch from one note to the next
The overall "shape" of a melody, which is a producto of its range, direction and character combined.
An ascending and/or descending series of notes of different pitch.
All 12 notes in sequence from low to high or from high to low.
Musical phenomenon that is universally recognized. It explains why a man and a woman can sing the exact same melody together even though the woman's voice produces much higher pitches than the man's.
Produced with the white keys only.
Includes just five pitches per octave.
employ seven pitches per octave, but the sequences of pitches are somewhat different.
The distance between two notes, whether in a scale or a melody.
Moving from one key to another during the course of a musical work.
Tiny intervalse. Middle Eastern/Arab music has 24 pitches per octave instead of 22
Systems for "decorating" the main pitches are integral to the pitch system overall.
The longer sustained treatment of a note.
Shorter, clipped treatment
Related to but broader than the idea of a scale. More comprehensive and multidimensional.
Group of two or more notes of different pitch sounded simultaneously.
A chord that "makes sense" within the context of its musical style.
Movement from one chord to another.
What results when each melody note is reinforced by an additional note or notes of different pitch to create a chord.
Quasi-melodic presentation of a chord.
World Music Ch 3-4