1. Shapes of Bones

    Name the bones that belong to:

    Long:
    • Femur
    • Fibula
  2. Shapes of Bones

    Name the bones that belong to:

    Short:
    • Carpals
    • Tarsals
  3. Shapes of Bones

    Name the bones that belong to:

    Flat:
    • Scapula
    • Pelvis
    • Ribs
    • Cranium
  4. Shapes of Bones

    Name the bones that belong to:

    Irregular:
    • Vertebrae
    • Mandible
  5. Shapes of Bones

    Name the bones that belong to:

    Sesamoid
    • Patella
    • Hyoid = bone connected to the tong
    • Sesamoid means bone within connective tissues
  6. What is a Joint
    • I joint is a articulation it is where two Bones come together ie me shoulder hip.
    • movement is/  may be possibl
  7. The 3 categories of joints are
    • # Fixed:
    • # Semi - moveable:
    • # Freely - moveable (Synovial)

  8. What is a fixed joint ?
    A fixed joint no movement after infancy present to facilitate childbirth i e cranium and pelvis
  9. What is a semi movable joint ?
    A semi movable joint is where slight movement of pad of cartilage between are articulating bones ie vertebrae and pubic bone
  10. What is a freely movable joint ? 
    Describe the joint and it's components and what it does?
    • Freely-moveable joint is an Synovial joint. A large amount if movement.
    • structured. Important liquids.

    Image Upload 1
  11. Name 5 Synovial Joints and their bones ?
    Ball & Socket: Femur, humerus 

    Hinge: Elbow, Patella/knee

    Gliding: Carpals, Tarsals 

    Pivot: Head- atlas/axis, ulna/radius

    Saddle: Thumb/Mets-Carpals 



  12. Name structure if bones:
    1. ?
    2. Tough outer shell ?
    3. Dense section of bone?
    4. Honey comb section part?
    5. ?Image Upload 2
    1. Medullary Cavity

    2. Periosteum = outside bone, that muscle attaches to.

    • 3. Compact bone
    • 5. Cancellous bone - stores calcium nutrition. It contains red bone marrow produces red blood cells. Only found at the end of long bones but throughout all other bones.

    5. Yellow bone marrow - emergency reserve fuel.

    6. Hyaline (cartilage/articulated cartilage) white looking bone smooth covering 
  13. What is cancellous bones ?
    • Cancellous bone is:
    • Red bone marrow found.
    • Stores calcium and nutrition
  14. What is a ligament
    Connective tissue that joins bone to bone
  15. What is a tendon
    Connect muscle to bone
  16. Mineral Storage.
    Calcium is required in the body  for many functions. 
    What are they?
    Give 5
    • • Strengthening bones and teeth....
    • • Functioning of muscles and nerves 
    • • Regulatio. If blood acid balance. increase-decrease ph levels (5.5) pumps calcium in & out
    • • Kidney fiction
    • • Brain fuction
  17. Calcium is required in the body for many functions. Strengthing bones teeth, functions of muscles & nerves, regulation of blood acid balance, kidney functions and brain function.
    How does calcium do this
    • • Calcium is laid down in the bones
    • • Released into the blood stream as required
    • • Constant process
    • • Imbalance - taking out more calcium than required can cause osteoporosis  (brittle bone disease)
  18. Pelvic Gridle 
    •Fromed by 2 innominate bones each consists of what names 1-5? Image Upload 3
    • 1. Illum 
    • 2. Ischium
    • 3. Pubis (pubic)
    • 4. Sacrum
    • 5. Coccyx

  19. What is in between each Vertebra
    intervertabral Disc
  20. Name the points of the Vertebral column?Image Upload 4
    Cerival - C1-7. Attached to Cranium/head, Atlas/Axis

    Thoracic - T1-12. Attavhed ribs & chest

    Lumber - L1-5. Attached lower back

    #Sacrum. 5 vertebra fixed fused together. Connected to pelvis.

    #Coccyx. 4 fixed fused. Connected tail bone. 
  21. Fictions of the Vertebral Column.
    Name 4 ?
    • • Support
    • • Protects spinal cord
    • • Shock absorber
    • • Allows (limited) ROM
  22. Cerebral Column acks as a shock absorber in 2 ways. 
    What are they?
    Intervetevral Disc - helps to cushion impact.

    The Vertebral Column has curves, allows to act like spring coil. 
  23. What are Muscular System Functions.
    Give 4 ?
    • •Generate movement.
    • • Stabilise joints.
    • • Maintain posture.
    • • Help regulate temperature control.
  24. Name 3 components of muscles themselves? What makes muscke/structure.
    • • Muscles
    • • Tendons
    • • Fascia
  25. Name 3 types of muscle tissue?
    • Smooth.
    • Cardiac.
    • Skeletal.
  26. What is a smooth muscle?
    3 points
    • •Moves involuntary 
    • •Walls of internal vessels - arteries, intestines ect
    • •Responsible for moving/stopping fluids and other materials.
  27. What is a cardiac muscle?
    3 points
    • •Moves involuntary
    • •Produces the pump action of the heart.
    • •(Stiated) striped
  28. What is skeletal muscle?
    3 points
    • • Moves voluntary
    • • Enables movement 
    • • (Striated) striped
  29. Muscle Action.
    What can a muscle do?
    • Contracr/shorten 
    • Stop contracting/relax
  30. Do muscles pull, push or both?
    Muscle can only pull
  31. What is the Sequence of muscle Contraction?
    6 steps.
    • Brain - impluse
    • Spinal cord 
    • Peripheral nerve
    • Muscle - contracts
    • Tendon - Pulls on bone
    • Movement occurs at joints
  32. Types of Contractions.
    What ate they?
    • Isometric
    • Muscle contracts no movement occurs.

    • Isotonic
    • Concentric
    • Muscle gets shorter.
    • ie. On weights machine. Weights go up.
    • positive phase.
    • Eccentric
    • Muscle gets longer.
    • Weights move down on machine. Controlled decent.
    • Negative phase
  33. What is positive phase
    Concentric- muscle shortens 
  34. What is a negative phase?
    Eccentric- muscle gets longer.
  35. What exercise would be isometric?
    A plank
  36. What exercise would concentric be?
    Bicep curl 
  37. What exercise would Eccentric be ?
    Tricep push down, kick-back ....
  38. What is a muscle belly ?
    largest part of the muscle the middle part
  39. How nany muscles are in Bicep, triceps and Quadriceps.
    Biceps - bi = 2. There are 2 muscles that make up biceps.

    Triceps - tri = 3.

    Quadriceps - quad = 3  
Author
KatClarke
ID
344153
Card Set
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Updated