CDS 621 - Chapter 9

  1. Chaining
    • break complex behaviors into smaller behaviors and teach in sequence 
    • ex) hand-washing: need dirty hands, walk to sink, turn  on water, soap, rub, water, get towel, dry hands, throw towel away
  2. Hallmark Features of ASD
    • social impairments 
    • communication impairment
    • stereotypical or repetitive behaviors, interests, and activities
  3. Autism
    • deficits in social comm and interactions 
    • restrictive, repetitive behaviors, interest, and activities 
    • show symptoms from early childhood
    • symptoms limit and impair everyday functioning
  4. Social and Communication Differences
    • different comm profile from children with other lang disorders
    • hand leading: use people as tools to meet an end
    • echolalia
    • difficulty with peer relationships

    **may have stronger or weaker skill than expected in some areas
  5. Behavior Differences
    • hypersensitive to sensory info
    • narrow, rigid interests
  6. Characteristic Deficits of ASD
    • delayed motor development 
    • toe walking 
    • body placement difficulty
    • cognitive impairment (68%)
    • impairment in memory for meaningful information 
    • rote memory relatively in tact
    • empathizing
  7. Prevalence and Co-occurrence
    • 1/68 children 
    • males 5x more likely
    • more frequent ID in minorities 
    • found with ID, seizure disorders, and tuberous sclerosis
  8. Causation
    • gene mutations (25%)
    • air pollution during pregnancy 
    • more folic acid = less chance of ASD
    • chemical/environmental factors
  9. Developmental Issues
    • difficulty with social interactions and awareness of others 
    • little imaginative or symbolic play 
    • joint attention 
    • lead and follow other's focus
  10. Home Intervention Programs
    • implement behavior modifications programs 
    • involve child in interactions 
    • facilitate independence, self monitoring, goal setting, and self eval skills
  11. Assessment
    • modified checklist for ASD in toddlers (screener)
    • hearing and oral-motor skills 
    • verbal and nonverbal communicative functions 
    • observations in various activities
  12. Communicative Functions
    • the "what"
    • pragmatic skills 
    • requesting 
    • commenting 
    • protesting
  13. Communicative Mean
    • the "how"
    • verbal behaviors
    • non verbal behaviors
  14. Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)
    • behavioral theories of the 1970s 
    • lovass approach 
    • focused intervention practice
    • used to promote skill acquisition
    • behaviors can be broken down to simpler forms and manipulated through reinforcement
  15. Discrete Trial Therapy
    • use behavioral techniques to facilitate behaviors 
    • prompting, cuing, chaining, fading, differential reinforcement 

    • 1. receptive ID of objects, pictures and actions
    • 2. early play and self help skills 
    • 3. verbal labeling
    • 4. early concept development
    • 5. use of prepositions 
    • 6. use of emotion words
    • 7. use of simple carrier phrases (I see/want)
  16. SCERTS Approach
    • social comm, emotional regulation, and transaction support
    • based on social interaction, development, and family system theories 
    • social comm and relationship abilities are main focus of intervention 
    • follow child's lead
    • offer choices 
    • respond to child intent
    • model at child's level 
    • elaborate child's attempts 
    • Level III evidence
Author
Annjones430
ID
344087
Card Set
CDS 621 - Chapter 9
Description
CDS 621
Updated