Test on Human Body Unit

  1. The frame made of bones, it supports the body.
    Skeletal system
  2. Not only does this system make up many of your organs, but it also pulls your bones to make your body move.
    Muscular system
  3. This system contains the heart, blood vessels and blood.
    Circulatory System
  4. This system gets oxygen to the parts of the body.
    respiratory system
  5. This system breaks the food down into simple substances the body can use.
    digestive system
  6. This system gets rid of waste products your body cannot use.
    Excretory system
  7. This system is made up of the brain, spinal cord and nerves.
    nervous system
  8. This body system is made of glands that produce hormones.
    endocrine system
  9. This system helps the body fight germs.
    Immune system
  10. Name the 5 senses.
    Hearing, seeing, smell, touch, and taste
  11. What are the 3 jobs of the skeletal system?
    • - gives the body shape
    • - protects organs in the body
    • - works with the muscles to move the body
  12. Which joint fits together like a puzzle and is found in places like the skull.
    immovable joints
  13. Joints that move a small amount and are found in places like the rib cage.
    partly movable joints
  14. Name the 4 movable joints.
    • - gliding joint
    • - hinge joint
    • - ball and socket joint
    • - pivot joint
  15. Joints that slide against one another like a sliding glass door and can be found in places like the wrist and hand.
    gliding joints
  16. This joint works like a door opening and closing allowing the bones to move back and forth in one direction.
    Hinge joint
  17. The rounded end of one bone fits into a cup like shape in the other.  This allows the joint to move in a circular motion.
    Ball and Socket joint
  18. This joint can move up and down and side to side.  It is found in the skull and neck.
    pivot joint
  19. The blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
    arteries
  20. The bottom chamber of the heart (a right a left)
    ventricle
  21. This is the main muscle that controls breathing.
    diaphragm
  22. The largest part of the brain.
    cerebrum
  23. The part of the brain that controls your heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestive muscle.
    medulla
  24. This type of muscle is attached to the bones and pulls the bones so they move.
    skeletal muscles
  25. The muscle found in the heart that contracts to squeeze the blood out of the heart and relaxes to fill the heart with blood.
    cardiac muscle
  26. The muscle type that makes up the internal organs and blood vessels.
    smooth muscle
  27. How many bones does the adult body have?
    206
  28. What attaches the muscles to the bones?
    a cord called a tendon
  29. Red blood cells carry this to the cells.
    oxygen and nutrients
  30. This is the job of white blood cells.
    They fight germs that enter the body.
  31. What are the upper chambers of the heart called?
    The right and left atrium.
  32. How big is your heart?
    About the size of a fist.
  33. What is the path air travels when it enters the body?
    From the nose or mouth, through the trachea, into the bronchial tubes to the lungs.
  34. What is the weight of a lung?
    About 1 pound.
  35. Tiny fingerlike projections that absorb digested food in the small intestine.
    Villi
  36. What do the kidneys and liver do?
    They remove waste called urea from the body.
  37. The part of the brain that coordinates the skeletal muscles and helps balance.
    Cerebellum
  38. The largest part of the brain is the...
    cerebrum
  39. Where is the cerebellum?
    It is right below the cerebrum
  40. Name the 2 vitamins and minerals the  ones need to stay strong.
    calcium and phosphorus
  41. Name the 6 food groups.
    grains, fruits, vegetables, meat (fish & poultry), dairy, and fats
  42. How many servings of grains does one need each day.
    6 - 11 servings
  43. How many servings of fruit does a person need daily?
    2 - 4 servings
  44. How many servings of vegetables does one need each day.
    3 - 5 servings
  45. How many servings of meat, fish, and poultry is needed each day.
    2 - 3 servings
  46. How many servings of dairy is needed each day?
    2 - 3 servings
  47. How many servings of fat is allowed daily?
    Use sparingly
Author
bdoering
ID
343708
Card Set
Test on Human Body Unit
Description
Study cards for Human Body Unit
Updated