CDS 602 - Post Midterm 1

  1. Criteria for Evaluating Formal Tests
    • test administration and scoring 
    • reliability (user friendly manual?, is it vague/confusing?, examiner error, replicability of the test)
    • normative sample (how and on whom was the test normed)
    • validity (does it measure what it says it will measure)
    • appropriateness of test items for multicultural individuals
  2. Common Errors in Norm Referenced Tests
    • measuring treatment progress (use criterion referenced test or data collection instead)
    • analyzing individual test items for treatment target selection (its just a snapshot, may ID too many treatment targets)
    • making all opinions based on one test (distort what they attempt to measure, just a snapshot)
    • ignoring cultural makeup of the sample (may not apply to the client)
  3. Basal
    • point from which progress is recorded 
    • level at which the client passes all of the items on a test
    • assume correctness of items before the established basal
    • *allows examiner to get the same info from a shorter test
    • *limits client shutdown
  4. Ceiling
    • highest item of a  sequence in which a certain number of items has been missed
    • assume incorrectness of items past the established ceiling 
    • *allows examiner to get the same info from a shorter test
    • *limits client shutdown
  5. Oral Mech Exam
    provides info about structural (how they develop) and functional (how they perform)  adequacy of the articulation used in speech sound production
  6. Diadochokinetic Tasks
    • assess how consistently, accurately, and rapidly a client is able to make repeated movements 
    • client makes as many movements in the  given time OR the clinician gives a number of times to make the movement and see how long it takes the client 
    • use the norms with caution (small sample with undefined age groups)
  7. Types of Problems with the Speech Mechanism
    • Range of Movement
    • Duration of Movement 
    • Strength of Movement
  8. Four Types of Occlusion
    • Normal 
    • Neutoclusion 
    • Distoclusion 
    • Mesioclusion
  9. Normal Occlusion
    point of the first upper molars fit in the groove between the two anterior and posterior points of the lower molar
  10. Netroclusion
    upper and lower dental arches are in correct occlusion but the individual teeth are misaligned
  11. Distoclusion
    the mandible is too far back in relation to the upper maxilla
  12. Mesioclusion
    mandible is too far forward in relation to the maxilla
  13. Communication Sampling
    • sample of client speech and language in everyday situations 
    • provides info about client communicative abilities and skills 
    • should represent 2 contexts/environments (variety in environment, partners, purpose, and tasks)
    • gives good qualitative and quantitative data
  14. General Guideline for a Communication Sample
    • minimum of 50 - 100 utterances 
    • use a recording device
    • minimize use of yes/no questions 
    • minimize questions that can be answered with one word 
    • ask broad questions
  15. Analysis of Data for Speech Sound Production
    • number of errors 
    • types of errors (SODA)
    • form of errors (phonological processes or distinctive features)
    • consistency of errors
    • intelligibility
    • rate of speech
    • prosody (patterns of rhythm and sound)
  16. Types of Speech Sound Errors
    • Substitution 
    • Omission 
    • Distortion 
    • Addition
  17. Stimulability of Errors
    client ability to correct/improve production of erred sound
Card Set
CDS 602 - Post Midterm 1
CDS 602