1. What are the temporary hair removal methods?
    • Shaving
    • Chemical depilatories
    • Tweezing
    • Waxing
  2. In what location is the hair follicle rooted?
    Dermal papilla bulb
  3. Define: Hypertrichosis
    A condition that causes excessive hair growth; genetically determined and can occur anywhere on the body, in both men and women.
  4. Define: capilli
    Hair that grows on the scalp
  5. Define: cilia
    Eyelash hair
  6. Define: lanugo
    Soft, downy hair on the body at birth
  7. Define: Anagen Phase
    The first and longest stage of hair growth. When the hair actively grows
  8. Define: Catagen Phase
    Transitional and shortest phase of hair growth, hair begins to destroy itself as it disconnects from the papilla.
  9. Define: Telogen Phase
    Last phase of hair cycle, hair sheds, follicle rests and prepares for Anagen phase.
  10. Define: Waxing
    Temporary hair removal process that involves applying wax directly to the skin and then removing wax and hair

    Weakens the papilla, which can inhibit the hair from returning.
  11. Define: sugaring
    Ancient hair removal technique originated in Egypt; a paste made primarily of sugar is applied to the surface of the skin in a rolling motion; when removed, it takes the hair with it.
  12. Define: Electrolysis
    A permanent method of hair removal that requires the technician to insert a small needle into each hair follicle, at the angle of the follicle and alongside the hair, until it reaches the root.
  13. Define: Galvanic Method
    Permanent method of hair removal that destroys the hair by passing a low level of current into a needle, resulting in a chemical reaction that decomposes the papilla; 12-14 needles inserted into individual follicles at a time for 30 seconds up to 2.5 minutes
  14. Define: laser hair removal
    Removal method using wavelengths of light to penetrate and diminish or destroy hair bulbs
  15. Define: photo-epilation
    Permanent hair removal method; intense pulsed light beam creates a burst of energy used to destroy hair bulbs with minimal scarring; also called pulsed light; uses principle similar to lasers but not considered to be a laser light
  16. Define: lupus
    Autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system is impaired or begins to fight against itself; person with lupus may be contraindicated for waxing services
  17. How long does Telogen or resting phase of hair growth last?
    4-12 weeks
  18. What stage is hair in when destroyed by waxing?
    Anagen stage
  19. The hair removal method that uses clippers or a razor to remove hair from a large area of skin is called...?
  20. A painless temporary hair removal method that dissolves hair at skin level is:
    Chemical depilatory
  21. Which product is applied to areas surrounding hair that will be removed to prevent chemicals from seeping into unwanted areas?
    Petroleum jelly
  22. What is the benefit of hair lightener?
    Makes hair softer, less obvious, removes pigment
  23. Makeup artists often shape eyebrows with...?
  24. What is the maximum time chemical depilatories are left on the skin
    10 minutes
  25. What is the most requested hair removal method?
  26. What is the most popular area waxed?
    The upper lip
  27. Where should wax never be applied?
    The nipples
  28. Which wax hardens to be lifted with fingers at one end?
    Hard wax
  29. What is an ancient hair removal technique that uses 100% cotton thread that is twisted and rolled along the surface of the skin?
  30. What is the name given to a person specializing in electrolysis?
  31. _______ is a necessity for any type of electrolysis
    Proper training
  32. How many methods of electrolysis are available?
  33. Name all methods of electrolysis
    Galvanic, thermolysis and blend methods
  34. How long is a current applied during a galvanic electrolysis treatment?
    30 second to 2.5 minutes
  35. How many needles are inserted into individual follicles during a galvanic electrolysis treatment?
  36. What is the thermolysis method also called?
    High frequency/ short-wave
  37. In thermolysis method, what length of time does it take for current to travel to the papilla?
    Less than a second
  38. What is felt by the client during the thermolysis method?
    A tiny "flash" of heat
  39. What is blend method?
    A combination of galvanic & short wave current
  40. The electrolysis treatment offering the best results to clients with excessive or resistant hair growth is known as...?
    Blend method
  41. True or False: laser hair removal works best on hair that is in the Telogen stage?
    False -Anagen phase
  42. What clients are not good candidates for laser hair removal?
    Clients with dark skin or light hair.
  43. True or false: during photo-epilation hair removal treatment, there is an increased risk of burning or scarring.
  44. What should you not apply to a client during a waxing service?
  45. Which product sanitizes skin prior to services and removes build-up on the body?
  46. What are the benefits of using cornstarch or powder on the skin prior to waxing?
    Buffers the skin from the wax, prevents skin from lifting, absorbs remaining moisture on the skin
  47. True or false: it is safe and sanitary to reuse wax and re-dip application spatulas during a waxing procedure?
  48. When should you not perform a waxing service on a client?
    • Varicose veins
    • Pronounced moles/warts
    • Cuts, abrasions, wounds, open sores
    • Active herpes
    • Sunburn
  49. What is the purpose of the greeting phase?
    • Break the ice
    • Learn clients name, personality
    • Begin building rapport
  50. Which phase of the service consultation educates the esthetician about a clients skin condition, concerns and contraindications?
    Ask, analyze & assess
  51. Which phase of the service consultation educates the client regarding the needs of the skin as well as beneficial products and services?
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