Electrolytes

  1. Signs of hyponatremia? D-A-N T-H-e B-A-L-D
    • dry mucous membranes
    • anorexia
    • N/V
    • tachy
    • HA
    • BP changes
    • ABD cramping
    • lethargy
    • Diarrhea
  2. Signs of hypernatremia? SALT
    • skin flushed
    • agitation
    • low grade fever
    • thirst
  3. What are S/S of hypokalemia? G MODES
    • GI changes (hypoactive, N/V, constipation)
    • mental status changes
    • orthostatic hypotension
    • decreased DTR's (deep tendon reflex)
    • ECG changes, dysrhythmias
    • shallow respirations
  4. What are S/S of hyperkalemia? MURDER
    • muscle weakness
    • urine, oliguria, anuria
    • respiratory distress
    • decreased cardiac contractility
    • ECG changes
    • reflexes, hyperreflexia or areflexia (flaccid)
  5. What are the S/S of hypocalcemia? CATS
    • convulsions
    • arrhythmias
    • tetany (Trousseau's/Chvostek's)
    • spasms and stridor
  6. What are the S/S of hypercalcemia? Bones, Stones, Groans, Moans
    • pain in bones, muscle weakness, ↓DTR's
    • renal stones
    • pain (ABD)
    • psychic moans/psychological overtones-confused state
  7. What are the S/S of hypophosphatemia?
    Think HYPERcalcemia
  8. What are the S/S of hypophosphatemia?
    Think HYPOcalcemia
  9. What are the S/S of hypomagnesemia? CATS + PAGES
    • painful muscle contractions
    • anorexia
    • GI effects (N, constipation, ABD distension..)
    • ECG changes
    • skeletal muscle weakness
  10. What are the S/S of hypermagnesemia? WHELS
    • weak skeletal muscle contractions/respiratory muscles
    • hypotension
    • ECG changes
    • lethargy
    • sweating due to peripheral vasodilation
Author
cbennett
ID
343320
Card Set
Electrolytes
Description
Electrolytes
Updated