Infection Control Vocabulary Words For The CNA

  1. Bloodborne Pathogens
    microorgannisms found in the human blood that can cause infection and disease
  2. Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
    microorgannisms found in the human blood that can cause infection and diseasee.
  3. C. difficile
    (C. diff, clostridium difficile)
    a bacterial illness that can cause diarrhea and colitis; spread by spores in feces that are difficult to kill
  4. Communicable Disease
    an infectious disease transmissible by direct contact or by indirect contact
  5. Contagious Disease
    a type of communicable disease that spreads quickly from person to person
  6. Clean
    a condition in which an object has not been contaminated with pathogens
  7. Contaminated
    soiled, unclean; having disease-causing organisms or infectious material on it
  8. Dehydration
    an excessive loss of water from the body; a condition the occurs when fluid loss is greater than fluid intake
  9. Dirty
    a conndition in which an object has been contaminated with pathogens
  10. Disinfection
    a measure used to decrease the spread of pathogens and disease by destroying pathogens
  11. Hand Hygiene
    washing hands with either plain or antiseptic soap and water or using alcohol based hand rubs
  12. Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI)
    an infection associated with healthcare delivery in any setting (e.g. hospitals, long-term care facilities, ambulatory settings, or home care)
  13. Hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver caused by certain viruses and other factors, such a alcohol abuse, some medications, and trauma
  14. Infection
    the state resulting from pathogens invading and growing within the human body
  15. Infection Prevention
    set of methods used to control and prevent to spread of disease; formerly known as "infection control"
  16. Medical Asepsis
    refers to practices used to reduce and control the spread of microorganisms, such as handwashing
  17. Microbe
    a tiny living thing visible only by microscope; also called microorganism
  18. MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphyloccus Aureus)
    an infection caused by specific bacteria that has become resistant to many antibiotics
  19. Mucous Membranes
    the membranes that line the body cavities that open to the outside of the body, such as the lining of the mouth, nose, eyes, rectum & genitals
  20. Multidrug-Resistant Organisms (MDROs)
    microorganisms, mostly bacteria, that are reisistant to one or more antimicrobial agents
  21. Non-Communicable Disease
    a disease not capable of being spreadfrom one person to another
  22. Pathogen
    microorganisms that are apable of causing infection and disease
  23. PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
    a barrier between a person and pathogens; includes gloves, gowns, masks, goggles, and face shields
  24. Standard Precautions
    a method of infection prevention in which all blood, body fluid, non-intake skin, and mucous membranes are treated as if they were infected with a disease
  25. Sterilization
    a measure used to decrease the spread of pathogens and disease by destroying all microorganisms, including those that form spores
  26. Surgical Asepsis
    method that makes an area or object completely free of microorganisms; also called sterile technique
  27. VRE (Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus)
    a strain of the  bacterium enterococcusthat is resistant to the powerful antibiotic vancomycin; infections occur when the bacteria enter the bloodstream, urinary tract, or surgical wounds
  28. Body Fluids
    tears, saliva, spuctum, urine, feces, vaginal secretions, pus or wound drainage, and vomit
  29. Microorganism (MO)
    a tiny living thing not visible to the eye without a microscope; also called a microbe
  30. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
    a federal government agency that makes and enforce rules to protect workers from hazards on the job
  31. Sanitation
    ways individuals and communities maintain clean, hygienic conditions that help prevent disease, such as the disposal of sewage and solid waste
  32. Antibiotic
    A drug that kills microbes
  33. Normal Flora
    the mocroorganisms the normally live in and on the body and do not cause harm in a healthy person, as long as the flors remain in or at that particular area
  34. Non-Intake Skin
    skin that is broken by abrasions, cuts, rashes, acne, pimples, lesions, surgical incisions, or boils
  35. AIDS
    The last and most severe of the HIV infection. Transmitted through blood, semen, and breast milk and vaginal secretions. Inability of body to fight off infections.
  36. Bacteria
    Microscopic organisms
Card Set
Infection Control Vocabulary Words For The CNA
Vocabulary Words related to Infection Control for the CNA State Exam