Chem 7-8

  1. what are the high points of the wavelength
    crest
  2. what are the low points of the wavelength
    trough
  3. what is the distance between any two corresponding points on successive waves
    wavelength
  4. a periodic bank-and-forth motion that transmits energy
    wave
  5. number of complete waves that pass by a point in a given time
    frequency
  6. the idea that light can be pictured as streams of tiny particles emitted by light sources
    particle theory of light (Sir Isaac Newton)
  7. light consists of a series of waves rather than individual particles
    wave theory of light (Christiaan Huygens)
  8. tiny bundles or "packets" of energy
    photons
  9. a spectrum containing the complete array of colors, by contrast
    continuous spectrum
  10. the lowest energy state of an electron
    ground state
  11. higher energy states of an electron
    excited states
  12. what is the speed of light in a vacuum
    3.00×10 to the 8th
  13. smallest fundamental constant
    6.63 x 10 negative 34
  14. measurement for waves per second
    hertz
  15. an arrangement of all forms of electromagnetic radiation in order of
    electromagnetic spectrum
  16. waves that cannot move at the speed of light
    matter waves
  17. when an electron in an atom behaves as a three-dimensional matter wave containing an integral number of wavelengths in an orbit
    standing wave
  18. light and matter can behave both as particles and as waves
    wave-particle duality
  19. a definite path in space
    orbit
  20. a region of space in which there is a high probability of finding the electron
    orbitals
  21. what states that it is impossible to simultaneously determine the momentum (mass times velocity) and the position of an electron with precision
    uncertainty principle
  22. Bohr electron structure contribution
    quantum model for the hydrogen atom
  23. de Broglie electron structure contribution
    particles in motion have properties of waves
  24. Schrodinger electron structure contribution
    electron in atom behaves as wave
  25. Heisenberg electron structure contribution
    electron's position and momentum cannot be measured simultaneously with position
  26. what quantum number describes the shell in which the electron is located (symbol?)
    principal quantum number (n)
  27. what quantum number is the type and shape of the orbital (symbol?)
    subshell quantum number (l)
  28. what quantum number describes the orientation of the orbital in space
    Orbital quantum number
  29. what is the main energy level of an atom
    electron shell
  30. what principal states that no two electrons in an atom may have the same set of four quantum numbers
    Pauli exclusion principle
  31. the outer most electrons
    valence electrons
  32. what is another name for the electron dot formula
    Lewis symbol
  33. who developed the periodic table of elements
    Mendeleev
  34. what states that the physical and chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers
    periodic law
  35. a repetition of similar properties every eight element (the first was like the eighth, the second was like the ninth...)
    law of octaves
  36. specifies the order in which subshells fill with electrons
    aufbau principle
  37. complete arrangement of electrons in an atom
    electron configuration
  38. outermost electrons
    valence electrons
  39. what is a row of elements
    period
  40. elements in the same column
    group
Author
Rayna
ID
343193
Card Set
Chem 7-8
Description
A Beka 12th grade science
Updated