Pulmonary System

  1. What is a PE?
    • Pulmonary Embolism = blood clot becomes lodged in the pulmonary artery and blocks blood flow to the lungs
    • CC = SOB or pleuritic chest pain (CP worsens with deep breaths)
  2. How is PE diagnosed?
    • CTA chest (ct of chest with IV contrast)
    • VQ scan
  3. What is PNA?
    • pneumonia = inflammation inside the lung, productive cough with fever
    • CC = SOB or productive cough
  4. How is PNA diagnosed?
  5. What is a big risk factor for PNA?
    the elderly -> live together in nursing homes so it can spread more easily -> community acquired pneumonia (CAP)
  6. What is PTX?
    • pneumothorax = collapsed lung due to trauma or a spontaneous small rupture of the lung
    • CC = SOB and ONE sided chest pain
  7. How is PTX diagnosed?
  8. Scribe Alert for PTX?
    • document the percentage of lung collapsed
    • these patients will have a chest tube placed to re-inflate the lung
  9. What is COPD?
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease = long term damage to the lung’s alveoli along with inflammation and mucus production
    • CC = SOB
  10. How is COPD diagnosed?
    CXR and hx of smoking
  11. Treatment for COPD?
    Home O2
  12. What is Asthma?
    • constriction of the airway due to inflammation and muscular contractions of the bronchioles = bronchospasm
    • CC = SOB, wheezing
  13. Treatments for asthma
    • nebulizers
    • inhalers
    • corticosteroids
Card Set
Pulmonary System
Course 2 - Pathophysiology