What is a PE?
Pulmonary Embolism = blood clot becomes lodged in the pulmonary artery and blocks blood flow to the lungs
CC = SOB or pleuritic chest pain (CP worsens with deep breaths)
How is PE diagnosed?
CTA chest (ct of chest with IV contrast)
What is PNA?
pneumonia = inflammation inside the lung, productive cough with fever
CC = SOB or productive cough
How is PNA diagnosed?
What is a big risk factor for PNA?
the elderly -> live together in nursing homes so it can spread more easily -> community acquired pneumonia (CAP)
What is PTX?
pneumothorax = collapsed lung due to trauma or a spontaneous small rupture of the lung
CC = SOB and ONE sided chest pain
How is PTX diagnosed?
Scribe Alert for PTX?
document the percentage of lung collapsed
these patients will have a chest tube placed to re-inflate the lung
What is COPD?
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease = long term damage to the lung’s alveoli along with inflammation and mucus production
CC = SOB
How is COPD diagnosed?
CXR and hx of smoking
Treatment for COPD?
What is Asthma?
constriction of the airway due to inflammation and muscular contractions of the bronchioles = bronchospasm
CC = SOB, wheezing
Treatments for asthma
Course 2 - Pathophysiology