Drugs and ALCOHOL

  1. view of alcohol before american revolution
    • people drank more alcohol than water
    • drunkenness was viewed as misuse of a product
  2. view of alcohol after the american revolution
    • alcohol itself was the cause of serious problems
    • agent of evil
    • first demonized psychoactive substance in american culture
  3. when did states begin passing prohibition laws
    in 1850s
  4. when did federal prohibition begin
    18th amendment 1920s
  5. effects of prohibition
    • rise in organized crime
    • alcohol dependence-related deaths declined
    • people continued to buy and sell illegally
    • encouraged a general sense of lawlessness 
    • decrease in tax revenue
  6. when did prohibition end
    1933 - 21st amendment
  7. trends in US alcohol consumption
    • peaked in 1981
    • 1/3 of Americans don't drink
    • average consumption 3 drinks/day
  8. Drinking in Wisconsin
    • highest in binge drinking
    • 3rd lowest beer tax
    • 3rd highest in alcohol related fatal car crashes
    • higher arrest for OWI than the national average
    • higher OWI than national average
    • slightly lower underage drinking than national average
  9. How does alcohol get adsorbed in the body
    some in the stomach, most in the small intestine
  10. what affects the rate of adsorption
    • it adsorbs slower if there is food or water in the stomach
    • it adsorbs faster with carbonated beverages
  11. how is alcohol metabolized
    • liver metabolizes about 0.25 ounces of alcohol/hour
    • liver metabolizes 90% of alcohol and 2% is excreted
  12. how does the liver respond to chronic intake
    • increase enzyme activity
    • contributes to tolerance among heavy users
  13. behavioral effects of alcohol
    • BAC determines effects
    • low BAC: complex/abstract behaviors disrupted
    • high BAC: simpler behaviors affected
  14. alcohol myopia
    focusing on the current situation, with little care for future consequences
  15. Examples of behavioral effects
    • increased interest in sex
    • blackouts
    • crime and violence
  16. how can you avoid hangovers
    moderate drinking or abstinence
  17. difference between biological sexes drinking limits
    • women- 3 a day, 7 in a week
    • men - 4 a day, 14 in a week
  18. why is there a difference for drinking limits between men and women
    • women need less alcohol to get drunk
    • women experience more harm from alcohol
    • women are more susceptible to the effects due to less activity of alcohol dehydrogenase, and more asorbtion
  19. alcohol is 30% more powerful in women than man
    remember that
  20. drug facilitated sexual assault in Wisconsin
    Wisconsin has a higher % of rapers using alcohol at the time of offense
  21. alcohol abuse
    maladaptive pattern indicated by continual use despite knowing that you have a problem
  22. alcohol dependence
    serious psychosocial characteristics and includes physiological factors of tolerance and withdrawal
  23. results of alcohol toxicity
    • brain tissue loss
    • liver disease
    • heart disease
    • cancer
    • impaired immunity
  24. lag effects
    much time passes between the initiation of excess drinking and the harmful effects 

    few early warning signs
Card Set
Drugs and ALCOHOL
stuff bruh