Path Terminology

  1. Something that is verbally described by the patient; "my mouth is sore"
    Symptoms
  2. Objective findings during the clinical exam
    Signs
  3. flat, circumscribed area with color alteration from surrounding tissue; example: ephelis or freckle
    macule
  4. a flat to slightly raises, circumscribed (surrounded, well-delinated) colored or textured area; example: leukoplakia
    Plaque
  5. a superficial denudation of epithelium, usually from rupture of vesicle, heals without scarring; example: erosive lichen planus; commonly results from vesiculo-bullos diseases
    Erosion
  6. a loss of full-thickness epithelium, often painful and can scar
    Ulcer
  7. a mark of previous wound healing, appears paler than surrounding tissue
    Scar
  8. a linear cleft in epithelium, normal or abnormal
    Fissure
  9. a channel from an infected cavity to permit escape of pus
    sinus
  10. an abnormal passage, between two organs or from an internal structure to the surface
    fistula
  11. a superficial elevation with a "stalk" (pedunculated) or a broad base (sessile), the color can be variable
    papule
  12. solid mass, extends deeper than papule, freely moveable
    nodule
  13. a small, water-filled "blister," can be multiple and coalesce--to form larger vesicles
    vesicle
  14. water-filled "blister" greater than 1 cm in size (friction blister, pemphigoid)
    bulla
  15. a pathologic cavity lined by epithelium
    cyst
  16. a streak or line, occasionally net-like, "lacy"
    stria
  17. shrunken, withered, wasting away Appears red in the oral mucosa
    atrophy
  18. accumulation clotted blood within tissues leads to mass
    hematoma
  19. minute submucosal hemorrhage
    petechiae
  20. slightly larger submucosal hemorrhage
    purpura
  21. >2 cm, submucosal hemorrhage
    ecchymosis
Author
arikell
ID
342615
Card Set
Path Terminology
Description
Exam 1 Material
Updated