ABS Terms and Stuff

  1. Antecedent condition, operation, or stimulus that alters the effectiveness of a consequence
    Motivating Operation (MO)
  2. Discriminative Stimulus (SD)
    signal that reinforcement is available
  3. Value altering effect
    increasing or decreasing the value of a reinforcer in the moment
  4. Behavior-altering effect
    increasing or decreasing the chances of a behavior occurring based on the value of the reinforcer
  5. Pairing
    Process of turning a neutral stimulus into a reinforcing stimulus
  6. Four Functions of Behavior
    • Sensory (Automatic)
    • Escape (Avoidance)
    • Attention
    • Tangible (Access)
  7. Sensory (Automatic) Function of Behavior
    behavior itself is reinforcing
  8. Escape (Avoidance) Function of behavior
    function is to escape or avoid stimulus, situation, or condition
  9. Attention Function of Behavior
    behavior to gain attention
  10. Access to Tangibles Function of Behavior
    function is to gain access (to item, activity, privilege, or person)
  11. Operational definitions must include a ___, ___, and ___ definition of behavior
    • clear
    • objective
    • measurable
  12. Antecedent Strategies
    includes what to do BEFORE the behavior occurs to reduce the likelihood it will occur
  13. Examples of Antecedent Strategies
    • scheduled breaks
    • interspacing difficult/easy tasks
    • High¬†Structure Environment
  14. Consequence Strategies
    includes strategies of what to do once behavior has occurred/is occurring to change the future dimension of that behavior
  15. Examples of Consequence Strategies
    • Extinction
    • Token Economy
    • Differential reinforcement
    • punishment strategies
    • Response, Interruption, Redirection¬†(RIRD)
  16. Instructional Intervention
    the development of new skills to replace behaviors
  17. Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior (DRI)
    reinforcing behavior that is incompatible with behavior of extinction
  18. Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior
    reinforcing specific behavior that occurs instead of the behavior of extinction
  19. Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior
    provided when specified interval of time has pased in which maladaptive behavior is absent
  20. Four Principles of Reinforcement
    • Deprivation
    • Immediacy
    • Contingency
    • Amount/Size
  21. Contingency Principle
    child has access to reinforcer only after behavior occurs
  22. Deprivation
    make sure child has little access so they don't satiate on reinforcement
  23. Immediacy
    Reinforcement should be given as soon as it's earned
  24. Amount/Size
    amount should be enough to work for it, but not too big to create satiation
  25. Types of Data Collection
    • Count
    • Rate/Frequency
    • Duration
    • Whole-Interval Recording
    • Partial Interval Recording
  26. Steps in Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
    • Mass trials
    • Block trials
    • expanded trials
    • random rotation
Card Set
ABS Terms and Stuff