Orchestration Test 1

  1. Order of instruments on standard orchestral score.
    flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba, percussion, harp, strings
  2. The four instrumental groups in the orchestral.
    woodwinds, brass, percussion, strings
  3. Names of open strings of instruments in string section.
    • violin - GDAE
    • viola - CGDA
    • cello - CGDA
    • bass - EADG
  4. Ranges (practical or commonly used according to Kennan – these are the black notes in his range charts) of instruments in string section (using the convention middle C = C4.)
    • violin - G3-B6
    • viola - C3-C6
    • cello - C2-C5
    • bass - E1-A3
  5. Clefs used by instruments in string section.
    • violin - treble
    • viola - alto, treble
    • cello - tenor, bass, treble
    • bass - bass
  6. Transpositions used by instruments in string section.
  7. Names of parts of string instruments and bows.
    scroll, peg box, nut, neck, fingerboard, f hole, bridge, tailpiece, chin rest, endpoint, tip, frog
  8. According to the author's examples, the most practical intervals used in quadruple stops.
  9. The overtone series up to the 10th partial.
    C2, C3, G3, C4, E4, G4, Bb4, C5, D5, E5
  10. Legato
    group of notes slurred together, on the string
  11. detache
    each note is bowed separately, on the string
  12. martele
    the bow begins and remains on the string, moving quickly and stopping abruptly at the end of each stroke
  13. slurred staccato
    a series of notes taken with a separate push for each note in the same bow
  14. loure
    two or more notes are taken in one bow, with separate pressure on each note
  15. spiccato
    light bow stroke where the bow bounces off the string, taking one note to each bow
  16. staccato volante
    the bow picks up a series of short notes, similar to slurred staccato
  17. jete
    the bow bounces on the string very rapidly with a down-bow stroke in such a way as to sound a group of repeated notes
  18. successive down bows
    creates a vigorous or savage effect
  19. Successive up bows
    delicate effect at softer dynamic levels
  20. unmeasured tremolo
    the bow is moved back and forth over the string as rapidly as possible, produces excitement or ethereal effect
  21. measured tremolo
    definite number of repeated notes, the number being shown by the notation
  22. fingered tremolo
    one finger remains fixed on the lower of 2 notes while another finger alternately plays and releases the upper note very rapidly.
  23. sul tasto
    playing over the fingerboard, sound is softer and less resonant
  24. sul ponticello
    at or near the bridge, sound is glassy and eerie in quality
  25. con legno
    with the back of the bow, striking the string with the wood or drawing the wood across the strings
  26. scratch tone
    bow hair flat against the strings while pressure is exerted, raspy tone
  27. snap pizzicato
    string is plucked so that it rebounds against the fingerboard
  28. nail pizzicato
    use the fingernail rather than the fingertip to pluck the string
  29. plectrum pizzicato
    string is plucked with a guitar pick
  30. guitar pizzicato
    strings are stroked gently by the thumb or several fingers
  31. pizzicato roll
    plucking the string with 2 or more fingers alternately
  32. molto vibrato
    use more vibrato than normal
  33. senza vibrato
    no vibrato
  34. normal vibrato
  35. return to usual method of performance
  36. pizz.
  37. arco
    use bow
  38. glissando
    the finger slides along the string instead of stopping each note separately
  39. portamento
    same as glissando
  40. scordatura
    tune one of the strings higher or lower than usual
  41. sul A, D, etc
    string that is to be used to play a natural harmonic
  42. Natural harmonics (technique and notation – two ways.)
    touch a string at a specified interval to create a harmonic, notated as either a note with a small circle over it OR a diamond-shaped note
  43. Artificial harmonics (technique and notation.)
    the string is pressed and touched at an interval of a 4th to create any harmonic note, notated as a note with a hollow diamond-shaped note at a 4th above
  44. muted
    con sordina, avec sourdine
  45. without mute
    senza sordina, hotel la sourdine
  46. at the bridge
    sul ponticello, ser le chevalet
  47. over the fingerboard
    sul tasto, sur la touche
  48. with the wood of the bow
    con legno, ave le bis
  49. at the point of the bow
  50. at the frog
  51. The fingerings and notes of 1st position for violin.
    • G/D string 0-3, 3-5, 4-6, 6-8
    • A/E string 0-3, 2-4, 4-6, 6-8
Card Set
Orchestration Test 1
chapter 1-4