chapter 31 orthopaedic injuries

  1. Anatomy and Physiology of the Musculoskeletal System:

    skeletal muscles are ____ muscles
    voluntary muscles
  2. Anatomy and Physiology of the Musculoskeletal System:

    what skeletal muscles is smallest portion of the body
    true/false
    • false
    • -skeltal muscles are the largest portion
  3. Anatomy and Physiology of the Musculoskeletal System:

    all skeletal muscles are supplied with ____ ____ and ____
    arteries, veins, and nerves
  4. Anatomy and Physiology of the Musculoskeletal System:

    muscles are connected to the bones by what?
    tendons
  5. Anatomy and Physiology of the Musculoskeletal System:

    involuntary muscles are also called ____ muscles
    smooth
  6. The Skeleton:

    what gives us form, protects vital organs, produces bone marrow
    the skeleton
  7. The Skeleton:

    the ____ protects the brain
    skull
  8. The Skeleton:

    the ___ protects the heart, lungs and great vessels
    thoracic cage
  9. The Skeleton:

    the lower ribs protect the ____ and ____
    liver and spleen
  10. The Skeleton:

    the spinal canal protects the ___ ___
    spinal cord
  11. The Skeleton:

    joints are held together in a tough fibrous structure known as the
    capsule
  12. Mechanism of Injury:

    ____ blows fracture the bone at the point of contact
    direct blows
  13. Mechanism of Injury:

    ____ forces may cause a fracture or dislocation at a distant point
    indirect forces
  14. Fractures:

    there is no difference between a broken bone and fractured bone
    true/false
    true
  15. Fractures:

    ____ are classified as either closed or open
    fractures
  16. Fractures:

    a nondisplaced fracture is known as a ____ ____
    hairline fracture
  17. Fractures:

    fracture in which the bone is fractured into more than two fragments
    comminuted fractures
  18. Fractures:

    a fracture in the growth section of a childs bone
    epiphyseal fracture
  19. Fractures:

    an incomplete fracture that only passes part way thru the shaft of the bone
    greenstick fracture
  20. Fractures:

    fracture that doesnt run completely thru the bone
    incomplete fracture
  21. Fractures:

    fracture in which the bone is broken at an angle across the bone
    oblique
  22. Fractures:

    a fracture of a weakened  or diseased bone
    pathologic fracture
  23. Fractures:

    fracture caused by a twisting force, causing an oblique fracture around and thru the bone
    spiral
  24. Fractures:

    fracture that occurs straight across the bone
    transverse
  25. Dislocations:

    distruption of a jointin which the bone ends are no longer in contact
    dislocation
  26. Sprain:

    ____ occurs when a joint is twisted or stretched beyond its normal range of motion
    sprain
  27. strain:

    a ___ is a stretching or tearing of the muscle
    strain(pulled muscle)
  28. splinting:

    you should splint a patient before _____
    transporting
  29. rigid splints:

    when the the deformity is severe and you encounter resistance moving the deformity what should you do?
    splint in the deformed position
  30. formable splints:

    most commonly used formable splint is the
    precounoured splint
  31. Traction Splints:

    ____ is the act of pulling on a body structure in the direction of its normal alignment
    traction
  32. Pelvic Binder:

    pelvic binders are used to hold the ____ in place
    pelvis
  33. traction splints:

    used primarily to splint the ____
    femur
  34. transportation:

    patient with a pulseless limb must be given higher priority for ____
    transportation
  35. Injuries of the Clavicle and Scapula:

    fracture of the distal humerus is called
    supracondylar or intercondylar fracture
  36. Fractures of the Forearm:

    fractures of the distal radius is known as
    colles fracture
  37. Dislocation of the Knee:

    dislocation of the ____ is a true emergency that may threaten the limb
    knee
  38. Dislocation of the Knee:

    when the knee is dislocated the ____ artery may be distrupted and be limb threatening
    popliteal artery
  39. Fractures About the Knee:

    if there is an absent pulse after a knee fracture you should call ____
    medical control
  40. Fractures About the Knee:

    you should never use a traction splint when there is no pulse after a ____ fracture
    knee
  41. Strains and Sprains:

    when treating strains and sprain what mnemonic should you use
    RICES
  42. Compartment Syndrome:

    usually begins ___ to ___ hours after injury
    6-12hours
Author
daniel.ramos702
ID
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Card Set
chapter 31 orthopaedic injuries
Description
emergency care and transportation of the sick and injuried 11th edition
Updated